Vocabulary 18 Flashcards Preview

AP Lang Sem II > Vocabulary 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary 18 Deck (15):
1

Maverick

(n). Southwestern US, an unbranded calf, cow, or steer, one that is separated from its mother. A rebel. (Adj) Unorthodox, unconventional, noncomformist

2

Injunction

(n) Law: A judicial process or order requiring the person or persons to whomit is directed to do a particular act or to refrain from doing a particular act. A command; order; admonition

3

Contention

(n) A struggling together in opposition; strife; A striving in rivalry; competition; contest; dispute; (v) used with an object, to assert or maintain earnestly

4

Malign

(v) To speak harmful untruths about; to speak evil of; slander; to, defame; to alienate

5

Ameliorate

(v). Make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory; improve; meliorate

6

Ipso facto

(n) By the fact itself; by the very nature of the deed; to be condemned ipso facto

7

Probity

(n) Integrity and uprightness; honesty

8

Ostensible

(adj) Apparent, appearing or seeming to be true or declared as true. Without being demonstrated or proved

9

Aloof

(adj) Aloof, apart, at a distance, removed withdrawn not wishing to speak or associate with others. (An aloof person is emotionally reserved and keeps a cool distance from others.)

10

Retort

(n.) A quick reply, especially one that is cutting or witty. (Retort comes from the prefix re-, back, and the Latin torquere, to twist or turn, and means literally “something turned back.” Thus, in its most precise sense, a retort is a quick reply that counters or turns back a statement or argument.)

11

Qualm

n.) An uneasy feeling or pang of conscience as to conduct; compunction: He has qualms about lying. A sudden feeling of apprehensive uneasiness; misgiving. A sudden sensation or onset of faintness or illness, especially of nausea.

12

Austere

(adj.) Severe in manner or appearance; uncompromising; strict; forbidding. Rigorously self-disciplined and severely moral; ascetic; abstinent. Grave; sober; solemn; serious. Without excess, luxury, or ease; limited. Severely simple; without ornament.

13

Confound

(v.) To perplex or amaze, especially by a sudden disturbance or surprise; bewilder; confuse: The complicated directions confounded him. To throw into confusion or disorder. To treat or regard erroneously as identical; mix or associate by mistake:

14

Epithet

(n.) Any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality: “Richard the Lion-Hearted” is an epithet of Richard I. A characterizing word or phrase firmly associated with a person or thing and often used in place of an actual name, title, or the like, as “man's best friend” for “dog.” A word, phrase, or expression used invectively as a term of abuse or contempt, to express hostility, etc.

15

Inveterate

(adj.) Settled or confirmed in a habit, practice, feeling, or the like. Firmly established by long continuous, as a disease, habit, practice, feeling, etc.; chronic.