Vocabulary 20 Flashcards Preview

AP Lang Sem II > Vocabulary 20 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary 20 Deck (15):
1

Unequivocal

(adj.) Clear and direct, definite, straightforward, certain; having a single obvious meaning, capable of being interpreted in only one way. (Opposite of equivocal, which is the adjective form of equivocation.)

2

Preempt

(v.) To occupy (land) in order to establish a prior right to buy. To acquire or appropriate before someone else; take for oneself; arrogate: a political issue preempted by the opposition party. To take the place of because of priorities, reconsideration, rescheduling, etc.; supplant

3

Ascribe

(v.) To credit or assign, as to a cause or source; attribute; impute: The alphabet is usually ascribed to the Phoenicians. To attribute or think of as belonging, as a quality or characteristic:

4

Salacious

(adj.) Lustful or lecherous. Of writings, pictures, etc.: obscene; grossly indecent.

5

Wry

(adj.) Twisted, crooked, lopsided, askew, distorded in an odd, amusing way. (A wry smile is crooked, lopsided, and therefore comical. A wry remark has a funny or sarcastic twist to it. A person with a wry sense of humor is capable of twisty or distorting things in a laughable way.)

6

Sanction

(v.) To give authoritative approval; to approve, allow, permit, authorize, certify, ratify

7

Paragon

(n.) A model of excellence, a perfect example.

8

Assuage

(v.) To relieve, ease, allay, mitigate, make less severe or intense, to satisfy, appease, make content.

9

Manifold

(n.) Numerous and various, consisting of many kinds, containing many elements, features or characteristics. (Manifold may sound like a fancy substitute for many, but it’s not. While many simply means much or a lot, manifold emphasizes variety, diversity. If you job has manifold duties then the things you do are both numerous and varied.)

10

Callow

(adj.) Immature, unsophisticated, green, naïve, lacking experience in and knowledge of the world. (Note: Because callow means immature, it sometimes also suggests childishness or foolishness. A callow remark may be no only unsophisticated, but also downright silly. Synonyms of callow in this unfavorable sense include: juvenile, sophomoric and puerile.)

11

Stoic

(adj.) Showing no feelings, unemotional, unaffected by pleasure or pain, bearing pain or suffering without complaint. (Synonyms include apathetic, indifferent, phlegmatic, languid, imperturbable, and placid. Antonyms include ardent, vehement, zealous, fervid and fervent.)

12

Censure

(v.) To blame, condemn, find fault with, criticize harshly, express stern disproval of. (Synonyms of censure include denounce, reprimand, and reprehend. Antonyms include commend, extol, and laud.)

13

Quail

(v) To lose heart or courage in difficulty or danger; shrink with fear. To frighten (a person) into submission; to daunt, intimidate; to cause to quail. Now rare (Irish English). To spoil, impair; to overpower, destroy, put an end to. (n) Any girl or woman, especially considered sexually. (Crude.): Look at that cute little quail over there. With an action, state, quality, feeling, etc. as object. Obs.

14

Congeries

(n.) Collection of items or parts in one mass; assemblage; aggregation.

15

Ferment

(v.) To act upon as a ferment. To cause to undergo fermentation. To inflame; foment: to ferment prejudiced crowds to riot. To cause agitation or excitement in: Reading fermented his active imagination. (n.) Fermentation. Agitation; unrest; excitement; commotion; tumult: The new painters worked in a creative ferment.