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Flashcards in Vocabulary 3 Deck (102):
1

n. A steep slope or long cliff that results from erosion or faulting and separates two relatively level areas of differing elevations.

Rocky escarpment

 

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escarpment
/iˈskärpmənt/

1

n. the ability to make good judgments and quick decisions, typically in a particular domain

“If Noel Brailsford, known alike for his acumen as an analyst and for his uncompromising conscience, accepted Stalin and Stalinism”

acumen
/əˈkyo͞omən/ 

2

dust jacket

n. a removable paper cover, generally with a decorative design, used to protect a book from dirt or damage

Gorey created artwork for the dust jacket, title page, chapter titles, and many of the individual poems.

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2

adj. intended to postpone or delay

employing a cautiously persistent and dilatory strategy to wear out an enemy

dilatory
/ˈdiləˌtôrē/

3

adj. resembling a corpse in being very pale, thin, or bony

A cadaverous man, naked except for the scantiest truncks.

 

cadaverous
/kəˈdavərəs/

4

emendation
/ˌēmənˈdāSHən/

n. the process of making a revision or correction to a text; a correction or revision to a text.

The text is currently being emended and will be published shortly.

4

gramophone
/ˈgraməfəʊn/

n. old-fashioned term for record player

“one of the few luxuries they allowed themselves was a beautifully crafted gramophone and a huge collection of recordings, mostly of chamber music.”

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4

despondent
/diˈspändənt/

adj. in low spirits from loss of hope or courage

“If there was no "deal" for as long as twenty minutes, Freedberg would get despondent, start complaining of growing old, and announce his imminent retirement from the firm.”

5

adj. health-giving; healthy

“Ernest as a boy was stricken by tuberculosis and was sent, when barely seventeen, to die in the sunny and salubrious climate of South Africa.”

salubrious
/səˈlo͞obrēəs/

6

warp and weft

In weaving,  two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric, the longitudinal threads are called the "warp" and the lateral threads are the "weft".

7

n. a twilled fabric for dresses, of which the warp is silk, and the weft worsted, especially a black kind formerly used for mourning clothes.

[Miss Elsa] was the complete caricature of the schoolmarm-spinster. Clad in shiny black--something called, I believe, bombazine...she looked like a big beetle.

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bombazine
/ˌbämbəˈzēn/

8

quotidian
/kwōˈtidēən/

adj. 1.of or occurring every day; daily. 2. ordinary or everyday, esp. when mundane

people who spend their lives debating abstract issues can become so distanced from the quotidian world that they can no longer see the obvious

 

 

9

repugnant
/riˈpəgnənt/

adj. extremely distasteful; unacceptable

“its use of secret police and of terror, and its endless theological hair-splitting were all equally repugnant to him.”

10

salubrious
/səˈlo͞obrēəs/

adj. health-giving; healthy

“Ernest as a boy was stricken by tuberculosis and was sent, when barely seventeen, to die in the sunny and salubrious climate of South Africa.”

10

n. Fabian Society, an organization of socialists aiming at the gradual rather than revolutionary achievement of socialism; adj. employing a cautiously persistent and dilatory strategy to wear out an enemy

“Brailsford was never a Fabian, nor did he have much use for what, to him, was a bunch of power-hungry ultra-rationalists out to make society over into their own bureaucratic image.

Fabian
/ˈfābēən/

11

nubile
/ˈn(y)o͞oˌbīl/

adj. (of a girl or young woman) Sexually mature; suitable for marriage

I met this nubile Russian ballerina

11

jeer
/ji(ə)r/

v. make rude and mocking remarks, typically in a loud voice; shout such remarks at (someone)

Never one to let tact get in the way of comedy, he pops up with his bicycle on the platform of every station along the way, putting his head into the carriage to jeer at Russell.

12

floe
/flō/

n. a sheet of floating ice

Ice floes dotted the roiled waters of the flooding.

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12

adj. in low spirits from loss of hope or courage

“If there was no "deal" for as long as twenty minutes, Freedberg would get despondent, start complaining of growing old, and announce his imminent retirement from the firm.”

despondent
/diˈspändənt/

13

slough
v. /sləf/; n. /slou/

v. 1. (of an animal, esp. a snake, or a person) Cast off or shed (an old skin or dead skin) 2. (of soil or rock) Collapse or slide into a hole; n. a situation characterized by lack of progress or activity

1. Eventually a red giant's gas envelope will slough off entirely, leaving behind a dense stellar corpse known as a white dwarf; 2. the economic slough of the interwar years

14

(with) tongue in cheek

adv. with ironic or flippant intent; speaking or writing in an ironic or insincere way

Still, it walks the fine line between potent wit and tongue-in-cheek lightheartedness.

15

v. 1. (of an animal, esp. a snake, or a person) Cast off or shed (an old skin or dead skin) 2. (of soil or rock) Collapse or slide into a hole; n. a situation characterized by lack of progress or activity

1. Eventually a red giant's gas envelope will slough off entirely, leaving behind a dense stellar corpse known as a white dwarf; 2. the economic slough of the interwar years

slough
v. /sləf/; n. /slou/

15

n. 1. [mass noun] the mutual recognition by nations of the laws and customs of others. 2. [mass noun] courtesy and considerate behaviour towards others (禮讓)

1. Bonds of civility that were holding together the European comity. 2. a show of public comity in the White House

comity
/ˈkämitē/

15

adj. measurable by the same standard; proportionate to; commensurate

Whether human life is commensurable

commensurable
/kəˈmensərəbəl/

16

companionable
/kəmˈpanyənəbəl

adj. 1.(of a person) Friendly and sociable. 2.(of a shared situation) Relaxed and pleasant

“For an hour or so we would sit in companionable quiet listening to music.”

17

n. 1. a cancellation or postponement of a punishment of (esp. death sentence); 2. a temporary escape from an undesirable fate or unpleasant situation

1. “if the woman starts to cry, we give the clerk a reprieve.” 2. The injection provided a temporary reprieve from the pain

reprieve
/riˈprēv/

18

adj. having, showing, or done with good judgment or sense

"All attempts at gaining literary polish must begin with judicious reading,

judicious
/jo͞oˈdiSHəs

19

acumen
/əˈkyo͞omən/ 

n. the ability to make good judgments and quick decisions, typically in a particular domain

“If Noel Brailsford, known alike for his acumen as an analyst and for his uncompromising conscience, accepted Stalin and Stalinism”

21

commensurable
/kəˈmensərəbəl/

adj. measurable by the same standard; proportionate to; commensurate

Whether human life is commensurable

22

n. a fabric so woven as to have a surface of diagonal parallel ridges

Due to the pattern of the thread, twill cloth is sturdy, more wrinkle-resistant and shows much less dirt and staining than a regular, sheer fabric cloth. 

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twill
/twil/

23

dilatory
/ˈdiləˌtôrē/

adj. intended to postpone or delay

employing a cautiously persistent and dilatory strategy to wear out an enemy

23

cadge
/kaj/

v. ask for or obtain (something to which one is not strictly entitled)

“He came to the office once in a while to cadge a small loan from Ernest Freedberg

23

adj. 1.(of a person) Friendly and sociable. 2.(of a shared situation) Relaxed and pleasant

“For an hour or so we would sit in companionable quiet listening to music.”

companionable
/kəmˈpanyənəbəl

24

intercede
/ˌintərˈsēd/

v. intervene on behalf of another

“Maiski was spared only because Brailsford and other English Socialists interceded for him with Lenin and Trotsky”

24

In weaving,  two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric, the longitudinal threads are called the "warp" and the lateral threads are the "weft".

warp and weft

24

v. 1. make (a liquid) turbid or muddy by disturbing the sediment. 2. (of a liquid) Move in a turbulent, swirling manner.

1. Ice floes dotted the roiled waters of the flooding. 2. a kind of fear roiled in her; roiling rapids.

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roil
/roil/

25

n. tightly twisted long woolen yarn spun from combed long-staple wool; the fine, smooth high quality fabric made of such wool yarn.

Worsted wool is a versatile compact yarn typically used in the making of smooth, wrinkle-resistant tailored garments such as suits. 

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worsted
/ˈwərstid/

26

n. snide and sharply critical comments

strategic instructions on how and when to throw your peers the jabs of well-timed snark.

snark
/snärk/

28

transmute
/transˈmyo͞ot/

v. change in form, nature, or substance; subject (base metals) to alchemical transmutation

Bush himself notes the challenge of transmuting information into wisdom given the scale of what’s available— a scale that has grown by an incomprehensibly enormous magnitude

29

v. change in form, nature, or substance; subject (base metals) to alchemical transmutation

Bush himself notes the challenge of transmuting information into wisdom given the scale of what’s available— a scale that has grown by an incomprehensibly enormous magnitude

transmute
/transˈmyo͞ot/

30

debar
/dēˈbär/

v. exclude or prohibit (someone) officially from doing something

They found that women were effectively debarred from participation in public life with respect to voting rights, elected office, administrative posts, etc.

31

worsted
/ˈwərstid/

n. tightly twisted long woolen yarn spun from combed long-staple wool; the fine, smooth high quality fabric made of such wool yarn.

Worsted wool is a versatile compact yarn typically used in the making of smooth, wrinkle-resistant tailored garments such as suits. 

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32

n. a group of individuals or organizations combined to promote some common interest; 供稿聯合組織; 黑社會組織

“form a syndicate to buy up U.S. railroad bonds,”

syndicate
/ˈsindikit/

33

adj. 1. producing an unpleasant smell; noxious; 2. characterized by an oppressive and unpleasant atmosphere (n. miasma: unpleasant stinky fog)

1. that peculiarly miasmic atmosphere generated by adolescent boys; 2. we know the territory, its long and miasmic history

miasmic
/mīˈazmik/ 

35

bombazine
/ˌbämbəˈzēn/

n. a twilled fabric for dresses, of which the warp is silk, and the weft worsted, especially a black kind formerly used for mourning clothes.

[Miss Elsa] was the complete caricature of the schoolmarm-spinster. Clad in shiny black--something called, I believe, bombazine...she looked like a big beetle.

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36

n. [plural] the small, precise, or trivial details of something

concerned with the minutiae of everyday life

 

minutiae
/məˈn(y)o͞oSHē/

37

farrago
/fəˈrägō/

n. a confused mixture

“he always leaped to a generalization from the farrago of anecdotes and stocking sizes and color promotions in lieu (instead) of markdowns”

39

lapidary
/ˈlapəˌderē/

adj. 1. of or relating to stone and gems and the art involved in engraving, cutting, or polishing (寶石工藝); 2. (of language) elegant, preicse and concise, and therefore suitable for engraving on stone; 3. Sharply or finely delineated

lapidary sentences; a face with lapidary features.

40

n. morally correct behavior or thinking; righteousness

Free use of public swimming baths for pensioners and children was abolished by the Coalition as one of its first acts of fiscal rectitude.

rectitude
/ˈrektəˌt(y)o͞od/

41

v. exclude or prohibit (someone) officially from doing something

They found that women were effectively debarred from participation in public life with respect to voting rights, elected office, administrative posts, etc.

debar
/dēˈbär/

42

n. old-fashioned term for record player

“one of the few luxuries they allowed themselves was a beautifully crafted gramophone and a huge collection of recordings, mostly of chamber music.”

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gramophone
/ˈgraməfəʊn/

43

v. make rude and mocking remarks, typically in a loud voice; shout such remarks at (someone)

Never one to let tact get in the way of comedy, he pops up with his bicycle on the platform of every station along the way, putting his head into the carriage to jeer at Russell.

jeer
/ji(ə)r/

44

facetious
/fəˈsēSHəs/

adj. treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor; flippant

Hughs, who later regarded the words as a “fair retaliation” for his “facetious and wounding” remarks

45

cadaverous
/kəˈdavərəs/

adj. resembling a corpse in being very pale, thin, or bony

A cadaverous man, naked except for the scantiest truncks.

 

47

comity
/ˈkämitē/

n. 1. [mass noun] the mutual recognition by nations of the laws and customs of others. 2. [mass noun] courtesy and considerate behaviour towards others (禮讓)

1. Bonds of civility that were holding together the European comity. 2. a show of public comity in the White House

48

adj. treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor; flippant

Hughs, who later regarded the words as a “fair retaliation” for his “facetious and wounding” remarks

facetious
/fəˈsēSHəs/

50

escarpment
/iˈskärpmənt/

n. A steep slope or long cliff that results from erosion or faulting and separates two relatively level areas of differing elevations.

Rocky escarpment

 

A image thumb
50

adj. 1. of or relating to stone and gems and the art involved in engraving, cutting, or polishing (寶石工藝); 2. (of language) elegant, preicse and concise, and therefore suitable for engraving on stone; 3. Sharply or finely delineated

lapidary sentences; a face with lapidary features.

lapidary
/ˈlapəˌderē/

50

adj. extremely distasteful; unacceptable

“its use of secret police and of terror, and its endless theological hair-splitting were all equally repugnant to him.”

repugnant
/riˈpəgnənt/

51

adj. (of a girl or young woman) Sexually mature; suitable for marriage

I met this nubile Russian ballerina

nubile
/ˈn(y)o͞oˌbīl/

53

judicious
/jo͞oˈdiSHəs

adj. having, showing, or done with good judgment or sense

"All attempts at gaining literary polish must begin with judicious reading,

55

twill
/twil/

n. a fabric so woven as to have a surface of diagonal parallel ridges

Due to the pattern of the thread, twill cloth is sturdy, more wrinkle-resistant and shows much less dirt and staining than a regular, sheer fabric cloth. 

A image thumb
56

risqué
/riˈskā/

adj. slightly indecent or liable to shock, esp. by being sexually suggestive

The Curious Sofa is like a children’s book for grown-ups — roguishly risqué grown-ups

57

v. ask for or obtain (something to which one is not strictly entitled)

“He came to the office once in a while to cadge a small loan from Ernest Freedberg

cadge
/kaj/

58

adv. with ironic or flippant intent; speaking or writing in an ironic or insincere way

Still, it walks the fine line between potent wit and tongue-in-cheek lightheartedness.

(with) tongue in cheek

60

roil
/roil/

v. 1. make (a liquid) turbid or muddy by disturbing the sediment. 2. (of a liquid) Move in a turbulent, swirling manner.

1. Ice floes dotted the roiled waters of the flooding. 2. a kind of fear roiled in her; roiling rapids.

A image thumb
61

turbid
/ˈtərbid/

adj. 1. (of a liquid) cloudy, opaque, or thick with suspended matter. 2. confused or obscure in meaning or effect.

1. the turbid estuary acts as cvoer to protect fish from predation. 2. a writer pumps an orderly flow of ideas out of the turbid pool of his impressions, feelings, vague thoughts, dimly sensed instincts.

62

adj. 1.of or occurring every day; daily. 2. ordinary or everyday, esp. when mundane

people who spend their lives debating abstract issues can become so distanced from the quotidian world that they can no longer see the obvious

 

 

quotidian
/kwōˈtidēən/

63

v. [with object and adverbial] poke forcefully or quickly, especially with something sharp or pointed; n. a quick, sharp blow, especially with the fist

strategic instructions on how and when to throw your peers the jabs of well-timed snark.

jab
/jab/

64

n. a sheet of floating ice

Ice floes dotted the roiled waters of the flooding.

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floe
/flō/

65

antithetical
/ˌantəˈTHetikəl/

adj. directly opposed or contrasted; mutually incompatible

illustrator and author Edward Gorey published an alphabet book so grimly antithetical to the very premise of the genre.

67

adj. 1. (of a seal or closure) complete and airtight; 2. protected or insulated from outside influences

1. hermetically sealed room; 2.he entered the hermetic world of the monastery at a young age

hermetic
/hərˈmetik/

68

adj. 1. (of a liquid) cloudy, opaque, or thick with suspended matter. 2. confused or obscure in meaning or effect.

1. the turbid estuary acts as cvoer to protect fish from predation. 2. a writer pumps an orderly flow of ideas out of the turbid pool of his impressions, feelings, vague thoughts, dimly sensed instincts.

turbid
/ˈtərbid/

69

pendulous
/ˈpenjələs/

adj. hanging down loosely

“the beautiful girl of the portrait had turned into an obscenely obese hag (an ugly old woman) with a triple chin, pendulous breasts almost bursting out of a shapeless black wrap”

70

minutiae
/məˈn(y)o͞oSHē/

n. [plural] the small, precise, or trivial details of something

concerned with the minutiae of everyday life

 

71

pennant
/ˈpenənt/

n. a tapering flag on a ship, esp. one flown at the masthead of a vessel in commission

Battle pennant of the defunct German imperial navy. 

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72

Fabian
/ˈfābēən/

n. Fabian Society, an organization of socialists aiming at the gradual rather than revolutionary achievement of socialism; adj. employing a cautiously persistent and dilatory strategy to wear out an enemy

“Brailsford was never a Fabian, nor did he have much use for what, to him, was a bunch of power-hungry ultra-rationalists out to make society over into their own bureaucratic image.

73

n. 1. a piece of material sewn into a garment to strengthen or enlarge a part of it (below armpit, crotch. 2. a bracket strengthening an angle of a structure. (adj. gusseted)

Five pleat gusseted duster with a foot drop.

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gusset
/ˈgəsit/

74

sere
/si(ə)r/

adj. dry; arid. (esp. of plants) withered

Sere stillness; We picked up speed and hauled through sere yellow farmland.

75

adj. directly opposed or contrasted; mutually incompatible

illustrator and author Edward Gorey published an alphabet book so grimly antithetical to the very premise of the genre.

antithetical
/ˌantəˈTHetikəl/

77

reprieve
/riˈprēv/

n. 1. a cancellation or postponement of a punishment of (esp. death sentence); 2. a temporary escape from an undesirable fate or unpleasant situation

1. “if the woman starts to cry, we give the clerk a reprieve.” 2. The injection provided a temporary reprieve from the pain

78

adj. of long ago or former times (used in nostalgic or mock-nostalgic recollection)

Folk tales of yore; a great empire in days of yore.

yore
/yôr/

79

sacrosanct
/ˈsakrōˌsaNG(k)t/

n. (esp. of a principle, place, or routine) regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered with

Why is free admission to art galleries and museums sacrosanct, when free swimming is not?

 

80

syndicate
/ˈsindikit/

n. a group of individuals or organizations combined to promote some common interest; 供稿聯合組織; 黑社會組織

“form a syndicate to buy up U.S. railroad bonds,”

82

adj. slightly indecent or liable to shock, esp. by being sexually suggestive

The Curious Sofa is like a children’s book for grown-ups — roguishly risqué grown-ups

risqué
/riˈskā/

83

jab
/jab/

v. [with object and adverbial] poke forcefully or quickly, especially with something sharp or pointed; n. a quick, sharp blow, especially with the fist

strategic instructions on how and when to throw your peers the jabs of well-timed snark.

84

adj. 1. relating to or dealing in antiques or rare books. 2. valuable because rare or old

You know I am given to antiquarian and genealogical pursuits. An old family letter is a delight to my eyes.

 

 

antiquarian
/ˌantiˈkwe(ə)rēən/

85

n. a confused mixture

“he always leaped to a generalization from the farrago of anecdotes and stocking sizes and color promotions in lieu (instead) of markdowns”

farrago
/fəˈrägō/

87

n. (esp. of a principle, place, or routine) regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered with

Why is free admission to art galleries and museums sacrosanct, when free swimming is not?

 

sacrosanct
/ˈsakrōˌsaNG(k)t/

88

n. a tapering flag on a ship, esp. one flown at the masthead of a vessel in commission

Battle pennant of the defunct German imperial navy. 

Q image thumb

pennant
/ˈpenənt/

89

hermetic
/hərˈmetik/

adj. 1. (of a seal or closure) complete and airtight; 2. protected or insulated from outside influences

1. hermetically sealed room; 2.he entered the hermetic world of the monastery at a young age

90

adj. dry; arid. (esp. of plants) withered

Sere stillness; We picked up speed and hauled through sere yellow farmland.

sere
/si(ə)r/

91

v. intervene on behalf of another

“Maiski was spared only because Brailsford and other English Socialists interceded for him with Lenin and Trotsky”

intercede
/ˌintərˈsēd/

93

n. the process of making a revision or correction to a text; a correction or revision to a text.

The text is currently being emended and will be published shortly.

emendation
/ˌēmənˈdāSHən/

94

miasmic
/mīˈazmik/ 

adj. 1. producing an unpleasant smell; noxious; 2. characterized by an oppressive and unpleasant atmosphere (n. miasma: unpleasant stinky fog)

1. that peculiarly miasmic atmosphere generated by adolescent boys; 2. we know the territory, its long and miasmic history

95

rectitude
/ˈrektəˌt(y)o͞od/

n. morally correct behavior or thinking; righteousness

Free use of public swimming baths for pensioners and children was abolished by the Coalition as one of its first acts of fiscal rectitude.

96

gusset
/ˈgəsit/

n. 1. a piece of material sewn into a garment to strengthen or enlarge a part of it (below armpit, crotch. 2. a bracket strengthening an angle of a structure. (adj. gusseted)

Five pleat gusseted duster with a foot drop.

A image thumb
97

antiquarian
/ˌantiˈkwe(ə)rēən/

adj. 1. relating to or dealing in antiques or rare books. 2. valuable because rare or old

You know I am given to antiquarian and genealogical pursuits. An old family letter is a delight to my eyes.

 

 

98

snark
/snärk/

n. snide and sharply critical comments

strategic instructions on how and when to throw your peers the jabs of well-timed snark.

99

n. a removable paper cover, generally with a decorative design, used to protect a book from dirt or damage

Gorey created artwork for the dust jacket, title page, chapter titles, and many of the individual poems.

Q image thumb

dust jacket

101

yore
/yôr/

adj. of long ago or former times (used in nostalgic or mock-nostalgic recollection)

Folk tales of yore; a great empire in days of yore.

102

adj. hanging down loosely

“the beautiful girl of the portrait had turned into an obscenely obese hag (an ugly old woman) with a triple chin, pendulous breasts almost bursting out of a shapeless black wrap”

pendulous
/ˈpenjələs/