Vocabulary 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary 5 Deck (100):
1

willowy
/ˈwilōē/

adj. (of a person) tall, slender, and moving gracefully (婀娜; 輕盈柔美)

Looking good, Blake! The willowy star rocks killer boots and a black dress for a photo shoot for Lucky magazine.

1

tact
/takt/

n. skill and sensitivity in dealing with others or with difficult issues: (得體;圓滑)

the inspector broke the news to me with tact and consideration.

2

adj. (of a person) tall, slender, and moving gracefully (婀娜; 輕盈柔美)

Looking good, Blake! The willowy star rocks killer boots and a black dress for a photo shoot for Lucky magazine.

willowy
/ˈwilōē/

2

vt. to utter in a monotonous or incantatory tone; chantlike

Tax cuts, intoned every Bush official, were the elixir behind the jobs recovery.  (close)

intone
/inˈtōn/

3

billet2
/ˈbilit/

n. a small bar of metal for further processinga; small ingot of nonferrous (non-iron) metal.

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4

flop
/fläp/

v. 1. sit or lie down heavily or suddenly in a specified place, esp. when very tired. 2. to move about or fall loosely or limply

1. I finished the novel flopped in a square of sunlight on my living room carpet. black hair flopped across his forehead. 2. the dog's ears flopped when it ran.

5

v. 1. carry out (a task) clumsily or incompetently, leading to failure or an unsatisfactory outcome. adj. (bungling) incompetent or inept; probe to making mistakes (搞砸; botch)

1. she had bungled every attempt to help. 2. the work of a bungling (clumsy) amateur. 

bungle
/ˈbəNGgəl

5

v. move in or take a twisting or spiral course; to be coiled or spiraled. 2.  wrap or encircle (an object) in a series of coils; entwine. 3. turn (a crank, for example) in a series of circular motions. 

the pair wind themselves through picturesque streets in Greece.

wind
/wīnd/

6

chagrin
/SHəˈgrin/

vi. feel distressed or humiliated

I was driving a rented car, but I was chagrined to discover that my behavior was also affected.

7

v. lodge (soldiers) in a particular place, esp. a civilian's house or other nonmilitary facility. 

he didn't belong to the regiment billeted at the hotel.

billet1
/ˈbilit/

8

provenance
/ˈprävənəns/

n. something's origin; a record of ownership (for authenticity)

"As in the judgment of whether a work of art is genuine or a fake, you will usually do better by focusing on its provenance than by looking at the piece itself.”

9

sentry
/ˈsentrē/

n. A soldier stationed to keep guard or to control access to a place (哨兵)

Two sentries were stationed outside a barracks.

10

lithe
/līT͟H/

adj. (esp. of a person's body) thin, supple, and graceful, able to move and bend smoothly (柔軟的; 輕盈的)

He had the lithe, athletic body of a ballet dancer; the lithe body of a ballerina.

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11

scrape
/skrāp/

v. 1. just manage to achieve; accomplish with great effort or difficulty. 2. (+into/through) barely manage to succeed in a particular undertaking. 2. scrape up; scrape by on; scrape through; scrimp and scrape

Republicans have been both obdurate and obtuse in Congress, where approval ratings have rarely scraped 20%.

12

insular
/ˈins(y)ələr/

1. of, relating to, or resembling an island; isolated. 2. ignorant of or uninterested in cultures, ideas, or peoples outside one's own experience.

We hate her for being rich, for being self-impressed, for being insular and out of touch with the common man who works for a living.

 

13

v. soften or break up (something, esp. food) by soaking in a liquid; become softened or broken up by soaking

the spider's teeth work like scissors that macerate the prey.

macerate
/ˈmasəˌrāt/

14

n. a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant

She slipped her face into some sun-banishing shades to give her eyes some respite from mother nature's latest attack.

respite
/ˈrespət/ 

14

adj. fast and energetic in a rather wild and uncontrolled way

“The frenetic picture taking of many tourists suggests that storing memories is often an important goal

frenetic
/frəˈnetik/

15

spurious
/ˈspyo͝orēəs/

adj. 1. not being what it purports to be; false or fake. 2. (of a line of reasoning) apparently but not actually valid

 

“Second, when they recognize the occurrence of regression, they often invent spurious causal explanations for it.”

15

adj. 1. not being what it purports to be; false or fake. 2. (of a line of reasoning) apparently but not actually valid

 

“Second, when they recognize the occurrence of regression, they often invent spurious causal explanations for it.”

spurious
/ˈspyo͝orēəs/

16

teem
/tēm/

v. 1. (of water, esp. rain) Pour down; fall heavily. 2. Be full of or swarming with

And now, tens of thousands of years later, when our species teems across the globe, most of us still hew strongly to myths about the origins of things.

16

adj. having a harmful effect, esp. in a gradual or subtle way

“The failure to recognize the import of regression can have pernicious consequences”

pernicious
/pərˈniSHəs/

17

vt. (vehicle or vessel) to crash with force; to  stuff or cram;  to thrust  or crash against violently; force (something) to be accepted

The Philippine coastguard said its crew acted in self-defence, believing his boat was trying to ram their vessel.

ram
/ram/

18

v. stroke or caress lovingly or erotically

Jennifer Lawrence Fondles Sarah Jessica Parker's Crazy Headdress at 2013 Met Gala; the dog came over to have his ears fondled.

fondle
/ˈfändl/

18

adj. 1. passing or jumping from one thing to another, esp in a fitful way; disconnected. 2. occurring randomly or occasionally

1 After a few minutes of desultory debate, we gathered ourselves together and carried on as if nothing had happened. 2. desultory thought; desultory passengers

desultory
/ˈdesəlˌtôrē/

19

n. a small bar of metal for further processinga; small ingot of nonferrous (non-iron) metal.

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billet2
/ˈbilit/

21

girth
/gərTH/

n. 1. the measurement around the middle of something, esp. a person's waist; 2. person's middle or stomach, esp. when large;3, (馬鞍)肚帶. v. surround; encircle; girdle

1. the oak was two metres in girth; 2. the four seas that girth Britain

 

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21

v. have a second job in addition to one's regular employmen (兼差)

many instructors moonlight as professional consultants.

moonlight
/ˈmo͞onˌlīt/

22

vest
/vest/

v. confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone

Of course, you should be wary of joint evaluation when someone who controls what you see has a vested interest in what you choose.

22

v. 1. treat in an indulgent or overprotective way. 2. cook (an egg) in water below the boiling point

America's obsequious coddling turns out to have been a curse for the Jewish state. 

coddle
/ˈkädl/

23

blazon
/ˈblāzən/

v. 1.display prominently or vividly. 2. report (news), esp. in a sensational manner.

1. The profession, study, or art of devising, granting, and blazoning arms, tracing genealogies. 2. accounts of their ordeal blazoned to the entire nation

 

23

n. 1. the measurement around the middle of something, esp. a person's waist; 2. person's middle or stomach, esp. when large;3, (馬鞍)肚帶. v. surround; encircle; girdle

1. the oak was two metres in girth; 2. the four seas that girth Britain

 

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girth
/gərTH/

24

barracks
/ˈbarəks/

plural n. a building or group of buildings used to house soldiers (兵營)

two sentries (哨兵) were stationed outside a barracks.

26

bungle
/ˈbəNGgəl

v. 1. carry out (a task) clumsily or incompetently, leading to failure or an unsatisfactory outcome. adj. (bungling) incompetent or inept; probe to making mistakes (搞砸; botch)

1. she had bungled every attempt to help. 2. the work of a bungling (clumsy) amateur. 

27

1. a district of a city or town as defined for police purposes.((警察)管轄區) 2. the area within the walls or perceived boundaries of a particular building or place. (境域) 3. an enclosed or clearly defined area of ground around a cathedral, church, or college. (院落) 4. an area in a town designated for specific or restricted use, esp. one that is closed to traffic (車輛禁駛區)

1.at the precinct a desk sergeant ran through her ID. 2. beyond the precincts of my own family, I am quite inhibited. 3. gambling is prohibited within the precincts of the University. 4. a pedestrian precinct.

precinct
/ˈprēˌsiNGkt/

29

antics
/ˈantiks/

plural n. foolish, outrageous, or amusing behavior

Jennifer Lawrence is known for her hilarious red carpet antics; the antics of our political parties. 

29

provenance
/ˈprävənəns/

n. the history of the ownership of an object, especially when documented or authenticated; the place of origin of something. (出處)

as in the judgment of whether a work of art is genuine or a fake, you will usually do better by focusing on its provenance than by looking at the piece itself. 

29

pout
/pout/

v. push one’s lips or one’s bottom lip forward as an expression of petulant annoyance. adj. pouty: angry in a cute way; in mock anger.

"here we go. If you don't get what you want, you get all pouty."

30

demerit
/diˈmerit/

n. 1. a feature or fact deserving censure. (過失) 2. a mark awarded against someone for a fault or offense (記過)

1. the merits and demerits of these proposals. 2. minor demerit (小過); major demerit (大過); warning (警告) [vs. commendation (嘉獎); minor/major merit (小/大功)]

31

vi. feel distressed or humiliated

I was driving a rented car, but I was chagrined to discover that my behavior was also affected.

chagrin
/SHəˈgrin/

32

ram
/ram/

vt. (vehicle or vessel) to crash with force; to  stuff or cram;  to thrust  or crash against violently; force (something) to be accepted

The Philippine coastguard said its crew acted in self-defence, believing his boat was trying to ram their vessel.

33

v. botch or bungle (something). n. a thing badly or clumsily done; a blunder.

1. (v.) she glanced at her notes and flubbed her lines; Jennifer Lawrence adorably flubbs Bill Clinton's name at GLAAD Awards. 2.(n.) the textbooks are littered with flubs.

flub
/fləb/

33

n. an instance of something exceeding an expected or allowed time or cost

on average, planners overestimated how many people would use the new rail projects by 106%, and the average cost overrun was 45%.

overrun
/ˌōvərˈrən/

34

n. an unintentional act or remark causing embarrassment to its originator; a blunder

Virginia's sister snapped a picture of the HIGHlarious gaffe and posted it to the company's Facebook page.

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gaffe
/gaf/

35

 demimonde
/ˈdemēˌmänd/

n. 1. professional mistresses or prostitutes as a group or class. 2. a group of people considered to be on the fringes of respectable society.

“it is also a moving story of the love between a young aristocrat and Violetta, a woman of the demimonde.”

36

precinct
/ˈprēˌsiNGkt/

1. a district of a city or town as defined for police purposes.((警察)管轄區) 2. the area within the walls or perceived boundaries of a particular building or place. (境域) 3. an enclosed or clearly defined area of ground around a cathedral, church, or college. (院落) 4. an area in a town designated for specific or restricted use, esp. one that is closed to traffic (車輛禁駛區)

1.at the precinct a desk sergeant ran through her ID. 2. beyond the precincts of my own family, I am quite inhibited. 3. gambling is prohibited within the precincts of the University. 4. a pedestrian precinct.

38

desultory
/ˈdesəlˌtôrē/

adj. 1. passing or jumping from one thing to another, esp in a fitful way; disconnected. 2. occurring randomly or occasionally

1 After a few minutes of desultory debate, we gathered ourselves together and carried on as if nothing had happened. 2. desultory thought; desultory passengers

39

v. 1. (of water, esp. rain) Pour down; fall heavily. 2. Be full of or swarming with

And now, tens of thousands of years later, when our species teems across the globe, most of us still hew strongly to myths about the origins of things.

teem
/tēm/

40

gestate
/ˈjeˌstāt/

v. 1. carry (a fetus) in the womb from conception to birth; 2. (of a fetus) undergo gestation

Moe: "well, in my case, my mom was hit with voodoo curse. I gestated for five years then I popped out backwards and on fire. 

41

plum
/pləm/

n. a highly desirable attainment, accomplishment, or acquisition, typically a job

you've driven me out if this plum substitute teaching job; he landed a plum assistant producer's job.

41

macerate
/ˈmasəˌrāt/

v. soften or break up (something, esp. food) by soaking in a liquid; become softened or broken up by soaking

the spider's teeth work like scissors that macerate the prey.

42

n. A soldier stationed to keep guard or to control access to a place (哨兵)

Two sentries were stationed outside a barracks.

sentry
/ˈsentrē/

43

v. 1.display prominently or vividly. 2. report (news), esp. in a sensational manner.

1. The profession, study, or art of devising, granting, and blazoning arms, tracing genealogies. 2. accounts of their ordeal blazoned to the entire nation

 

blazon
/ˈblāzən/

44

1. dexter: the right-hand side (in a coat of arms, from the bearer's point of view; side of honor). 2. sinister: the left-hand side. 

The Great Seal of the United States features an eagle clutching an olive branch in its dexter talon, and arrows in its sinister talon.

dexter and sinister

45

n. a highly desirable attainment, accomplishment, or acquisition, typically a job

you've driven me out if this plum substitute teaching job; he landed a plum assistant producer's job.

plum
/pləm/

47

heady
/ˈhedē/

adj. 1. (of liquor) potent; intoxicating. 2. having a strong or exhilarating effect.

1. the emotional, cognitive, and social factors that support exaggerated optimism are a heady brew. 2. the heady days of the birth of the women's movement

47

v. 1. sit or lie down heavily or suddenly in a specified place, esp. when very tired. 2. to move about or fall loosely or limply

1. I finished the novel flopped in a square of sunlight on my living room carpet. black hair flopped across his forehead. 2. the dog's ears flopped when it ran.

flop
/fläp/

49

gander
/ˈgandər/

n. a look or glance

Take a gander at Nicole Kidman at the Nebraska premiere at Cannes. The lush lace Valentino gown is too gorgeous to leave gathering dust at the valentino atelier.

50

overrun
/ˌōvərˈrən/

n. an instance of something exceeding an expected or allowed time or cost

on average, planners overestimated how many people would use the new rail projects by 106%, and the average cost overrun was 45%.

51

n. a period during which a person suffers from loss of memory, often begins a new life, and, upon recovery, remembers nothing of the amnesic phase. (神遊)

Bart Simpson, you get out of that gosh-darned fugue state this instant.

fugue
/fyo͞og/

53

moonlight
/ˈmo͞onˌlīt/

v. have a second job in addition to one's regular employmen (兼差)

many instructors moonlight as professional consultants.

54

wind
/wīnd/

v. move in or take a twisting or spiral course; to be coiled or spiraled. 2.  wrap or encircle (an object) in a series of coils; entwine. 3. turn (a crank, for example) in a series of circular motions. 

the pair wind themselves through picturesque streets in Greece.

55

dexter and sinister

1. dexter: the right-hand side (in a coat of arms, from the bearer's point of view; side of honor). 2. sinister: the left-hand side. 

The Great Seal of the United States features an eagle clutching an olive branch in its dexter talon, and arrows in its sinister talon.

56

fugue
/fyo͞og/

n. a period during which a person suffers from loss of memory, often begins a new life, and, upon recovery, remembers nothing of the amnesic phase. (神遊)

Bart Simpson, you get out of that gosh-darned fugue state this instant.

58

respite
/ˈrespət/ 

n. a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant

She slipped her face into some sun-banishing shades to give her eyes some respite from mother nature's latest attack.

58

n. public disgrace from exceedingly shameful conduct; ignominy

Our overarching question was whether the opprobrium attached to unfairness imposes constraints on profit seeking”

opprobrium
/əˈprōbrēəm/

59

v. 1. just manage to achieve; accomplish with great effort or difficulty. 2. (+into/through) barely manage to succeed in a particular undertaking. 2. scrape up; scrape by on; scrape through; scrimp and scrape

Republicans have been both obdurate and obtuse in Congress, where approval ratings have rarely scraped 20%.

scrape
/skrāp/

61

plural n. foolish, outrageous, or amusing behavior

Jennifer Lawrence is known for her hilarious red carpet antics; the antics of our political parties. 

antics
/ˈantiks/

62

n. 1. a belt or cord worn around the waist (腰帶); 2. a thing that surrounds something like a belt or girdle (環繞物). v. 1. encircle (the body) with or as a girdle or belt (纏繞); 2. surround; encircle; girth (環繞).

 

n. 1. her waist was defined by a gold chain girdle; 2. a girdle of islands enclosed the lagoon. v. 1. the Friar loosened the rope that girdled his waist; 2. the chain of volcanoes that girdles the Pacific. 

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girdle
/ˈgərdl/

63

n. a look or glance

Take a gander at Nicole Kidman at the Nebraska premiere at Cannes. The lush lace Valentino gown is too gorgeous to leave gathering dust at the valentino atelier.

gander
/ˈgandər/

64

gaffe
/gaf/

n. an unintentional act or remark causing embarrassment to its originator; a blunder

Virginia's sister snapped a picture of the HIGHlarious gaffe and posted it to the company's Facebook page.

A image thumb
64

pernicious
/pərˈniSHəs/

adj. having a harmful effect, esp. in a gradual or subtle way

“The failure to recognize the import of regression can have pernicious consequences”

65

opprobrium
/əˈprōbrēəm/

n. public disgrace from exceedingly shameful conduct; ignominy

Our overarching question was whether the opprobrium attached to unfairness imposes constraints on profit seeking”

66

n. skill and sensitivity in dealing with others or with difficult issues: (得體;圓滑)

the inspector broke the news to me with tact and consideration.

tact
/takt/

68

flub
/fləb/

v. botch or bungle (something). n. a thing badly or clumsily done; a blunder.

1. (v.) she glanced at her notes and flubbed her lines; Jennifer Lawrence adorably flubbs Bill Clinton's name at GLAAD Awards. 2.(n.) the textbooks are littered with flubs.

70

n. the history of the ownership of an object, especially when documented or authenticated; the place of origin of something. (出處)

as in the judgment of whether a work of art is genuine or a fake, you will usually do better by focusing on its provenance than by looking at the piece itself. 

provenance
/ˈprävənəns/

72

intone
/inˈtōn/

vt. to utter in a monotonous or incantatory tone; chantlike

Tax cuts, intoned every Bush official, were the elixir behind the jobs recovery.  (close)

72

plural n. a building or group of buildings used to house soldiers (兵營)

two sentries (哨兵) were stationed outside a barracks.

barracks
/ˈbarəks/

73

n. 1. a figure that can be used to represent the value of something in a calculation. 2. 代理人; 代理權; 代理委託書

the shoes that he hands over have always been, from his point of view, a cumbersome proxy for money that he was hoping to collect from some consumer.

 

proxy
/ˈpräksē/

75

proxy
/ˈpräksē/

n. 1. a figure that can be used to represent the value of something in a calculation. 2. 代理人; 代理權; 代理委託書

the shoes that he hands over have always been, from his point of view, a cumbersome proxy for money that he was hoping to collect from some consumer.

 

77

v. push one’s lips or one’s bottom lip forward as an expression of petulant annoyance. adj. pouty: angry in a cute way; in mock anger.

"here we go. If you don't get what you want, you get all pouty."

pout
/pout/

78

adj. (of goods, esp. clothing) made to order (定製的)

known for her love of fashion, she would be more likely to wear a bespoke stylish and unique female suit made with rich  olors and material. 

bespoke
/biˈspōk/

79

dunce
/dəns/

n. a person who is slow at learning; a stupid person

I only recently realized that I had actually played the roles of chief dunce and inept leader.

80

coddle
/ˈkädl/

v. 1. treat in an indulgent or overprotective way. 2. cook (an egg) in water below the boiling point

America's obsequious coddling turns out to have been a curse for the Jewish state. 

81

fondle
/ˈfändl/

v. stroke or caress lovingly or erotically

Jennifer Lawrence Fondles Sarah Jessica Parker's Crazy Headdress at 2013 Met Gala; the dog came over to have his ears fondled.

83

n. 1. a feature or fact deserving censure. (過失) 2. a mark awarded against someone for a fault or offense (記過)

1. the merits and demerits of these proposals. 2. minor demerit (小過); major demerit (大過); warning (警告) [vs. commendation (嘉獎); minor/major merit (小/大功)]

demerit
/diˈmerit/

84

1. of, relating to, or resembling an island; isolated. 2. ignorant of or uninterested in cultures, ideas, or peoples outside one's own experience.

We hate her for being rich, for being self-impressed, for being insular and out of touch with the common man who works for a living.

 

insular
/ˈins(y)ələr/

86

n. something's origin; a record of ownership (for authenticity)

"As in the judgment of whether a work of art is genuine or a fake, you will usually do better by focusing on its provenance than by looking at the piece itself.”

provenance
/ˈprävənəns/

88

bespoke
/biˈspōk/

adj. (of goods, esp. clothing) made to order (定製的)

known for her love of fashion, she would be more likely to wear a bespoke stylish and unique female suit made with rich  olors and material. 

89

frenetic
/frəˈnetik/

adj. fast and energetic in a rather wild and uncontrolled way

“The frenetic picture taking of many tourists suggests that storing memories is often an important goal

91

billet1
/ˈbilit/

v. lodge (soldiers) in a particular place, esp. a civilian's house or other nonmilitary facility. 

he didn't belong to the regiment billeted at the hotel.

92

v. confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone

Of course, you should be wary of joint evaluation when someone who controls what you see has a vested interest in what you choose.

vest
/vest/

93

adj. 1. (of liquor) potent; intoxicating. 2. having a strong or exhilarating effect.

1. the emotional, cognitive, and social factors that support exaggerated optimism are a heady brew. 2. the heady days of the birth of the women's movement

heady
/ˈhedē/

94

n. 1. professional mistresses or prostitutes as a group or class. 2. a group of people considered to be on the fringes of respectable society.

“it is also a moving story of the love between a young aristocrat and Violetta, a woman of the demimonde.”

 demimonde
/ˈdemēˌmänd/

95

girdle
/ˈgərdl/

n. 1. a belt or cord worn around the waist (腰帶); 2. a thing that surrounds something like a belt or girdle (環繞物). v. 1. encircle (the body) with or as a girdle or belt (纏繞); 2. surround; encircle; girth (環繞).

 

n. 1. her waist was defined by a gold chain girdle; 2. a girdle of islands enclosed the lagoon. v. 1. the Friar loosened the rope that girdled his waist; 2. the chain of volcanoes that girdles the Pacific. 

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96

v. 1. carry (a fetus) in the womb from conception to birth; 2. (of a fetus) undergo gestation

Moe: "well, in my case, my mom was hit with voodoo curse. I gestated for five years then I popped out backwards and on fire. 

gestate
/ˈjeˌstāt/

97

n. a person who is slow at learning; a stupid person

I only recently realized that I had actually played the roles of chief dunce and inept leader.

dunce
/dəns/

98

v. 1. Light or set on fire. 2. arouse or inspire; be aroused (emotion)

Chuck Wicks was in my head—squatting there in the dark, milking glands, kindling neurons.

kindle
/ˈkindl/

99

adj. (esp. of a person's body) thin, supple, and graceful, able to move and bend smoothly (柔軟的; 輕盈的)

He had the lithe, athletic body of a ballet dancer; the lithe body of a ballerina.

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lithe
/līT͟H/

100

kindle
/ˈkindl/

v. 1. Light or set on fire. 2. arouse or inspire; be aroused (emotion)

Chuck Wicks was in my head—squatting there in the dark, milking glands, kindling neurons.