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Flashcards in Vocabulary Deck (94):
1

derivative

something which is based on another source

2

temperance

moderation, restraint

3

notoriety

the state of being famous or well known for some bad quality or deed.

4

eminence

fame or acknowledged superiority

5

providential

occurring at a favourable time

6

precarious

not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse, dependent on chance

7

covet

yearn to possess

8

deflect

cause (something) to change direction; turn aside from a straight course

9

relentless

unceasingly intense, harsh or inflexible

10

ingenuity

the quality of being clever, original, and inventive

11

prodigal

spendthrift; extravagant person
"a prodigal squandering his wealth"

12

sycophant

a person who acts obsequiously towards someone important in order to gain advantage

13

artifice

clever or cunning devices or expedients, especially as used to trick or deceive others
"tricked by her skillful artifice"

14

edifice

a large, imposing building; a complex system of belief

15

anomalous

deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected

16

engender

cause or give rise to

17

forfeit

lose or be deprived of

18

relinquish

voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up

19

garrulity

excessive talkativeness, especially on trivial matters

20

self-effacement

withdrawal from attention

21

circuitous

longer than the most direct way

22

devious

showing a skilful use of underhand tactics to achieve goals; longer and less direct than the most straightforward way

23

judicious

having, showing, or done with good judgement or sense

24

officious

meddlesome (fond of interfering); intrusively enthusiastic in offering help or advice;

25

assiduous

showing great care and perseverance

26

effusive

showing or expressing gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner
"an effusive welcome"

27

gushing

effusive or exaggeratedly enthusiastic

28

gullible

easily persuaded to believe something; credulous (having or showing too great a readiness to believe things)

29

incredulous

(of a person or their manner) unwilling or unable to believe something

30

deferential

showing deference; respectful (obsequious = overly deferential)

31

sycophantic

acting obsequiously (overly deferential, respectful, obedient) towards someone important in order to gain advantage

32

equivocate

use ambiguous language so as to conceal the truth or avoid committing oneself
"politicians hedging and equivocating"
(hedge = limit or qualify (something) by conditions or exceptions, avoid making a definite statement or commitment)

33

yield

produce, provide, generate; surrender; give way

34

condescend

show that one feels superior; be patronizing

35

pledge

bind or commit oneself solemnly

36

denounce

publicly declare to be wrong or evil

37

opulence

great wealth or luxuriousness
"luxurious opulence"

38

transience

the state or fact of lasting only for a short time
"the transience of life and happiness"

39

penury

extreme poverty

40

erratic

unpredictable

41

immaculate

perfectly clean, neat, or tidy.
"an immaculate white suit"

42

commendable

deserving praise.
"he showed commendable restraint"

43

spurious

not being what it purports to be; false or fake.
"separating authentic and spurious claims"

44

emulation

effort to match or surpass a person or achievement, typically by imitation.
"their success is inspiring emulation from others"

45

nonplussed

totally at a loss

46

discomfited

abashed; disconcerted; to exhibit embarrassment (by something)

47

disgruntled

angry or dissatisfied.

48

ogle

stare at in a lecherous (having or showing excessive or offensive sexual desire) manner or an attention-getting manner)
"he was ogling her breasts"

49

clamor

a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting

50

discern

recognize or find out
"she could faintly discern the shape of a skull"

51

flaunt

to display or show off something in provocatively (in an attention-getting manner)
"newly rich consumers eager to flaunt their prosperity"

52

glower

have an angry or sullen look on one's face; scowl.
"she glowered at him suspiciously"

53

disparate

essentially different in kind; not able to be compared.
"they inhabit disparate worlds of thought"

54

aggrandize

increase the power, status, or wealth of.
"an action intended to aggrandize the Frankish dynasty"
enhance the reputation of (someone) beyond what is justified by the facts.

55

typify

be characteristic or a representative example of;
treat characters as representatives of a type

56

delineate

describe or portray (something) precisely.
"the law should delineate and prohibit behaviour which is socially abhorrent"
(abhorring: inspiring disgust and loathing)

57

incumbent (on)

necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.
"the government realized that it was incumbent on them to act"

58

abstain from vs refrain from

abstain = refrain oneself from

59

opportune

(of a time) especially convenient or appropriate for a particular action or event.
"he couldn't have arrived at a less opportune moment"

60

predilection

a preference or special liking for something; a bias in favour of something.
"your predilection for pretty girls"

61

concision

Concision (alternatively brevity, laconicism, terseness, or conciseness) is the art and practice of minimizing words used to convey an idea.
(concise)

62

tautness

tenseness, not slack

63

derision

contemptuous ridicule or mockery.
"my stories were greeted with derision and disbelief"

64

partisanship

prejudice in favour of a particular cause
(partisan: advocate of)

65

disapprobation

strong disapproval, typically on moral grounds.
"she braved her mother's disapprobation and slipped out to enjoy herself"
(brave = endure or face (unpleasant conditions or behaviour) without showing fear.)

66

hone

sharpen
"honing a razor"

67

weld

cause to combine and form a harmonious or effective whole.
"cross-curricular themes would weld the curriculum together"

68

phlegmatic

stolid, undemonstrative
"phlegmatic an uncaring"

69

ardent

passionate, eager
"an ardent supporter of the conservative cause"

70

haphazard

lacking any obvious principle of organization.
"the music business works in a haphazard fashion"

71

self-assured

confident in one's own abilities or character.

72

laudatory

(of speech or writing) expressing praise and commendation (= formal or official praise).
"enthusiastic and laudatory articles"

73

gusto

enjoyment and enthusiasm in doing something.
"Hawkins tucked into his breakfast with gusto"

74

skulduggery

dishonest, unscrupulous behaviour

75

quandary

a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation.
"Kate was in a quandary"

76

chicanery

the use of deception or subterfuge (=deceit used in order to achieve one's goal) to achieve one's purpose.
"storylines packed with political chicanery"

77

trickster

a person who cheats or deceives people.

78

immunize

make (a person or animal) immune to infection, typically by inoculation.
"the vaccine is used to immunize children against measles"

79

perpetuate

make (something) continue indefinitely.
"the confusion was perpetuated through inadvertence"
(= inattention, oversight)

80

spawn

1 rogn, 2 legge egg/bli lagt som egg, 3 produce a large number of

81

gregarious

(of a person) fond of company; sociable.
"he was a popular and gregarious man"

82

conceited

excessively proud of oneself; vain.

83

vanity

excessive pride in or admiration of one's own appearance or achievements.

84

erudite

scholarly; learned
"an erudite scholar"

85

effrontery

Bold, rude, disrespectful behavior

86

indolence

avoidance of activity; laziness.
"my failure is probably due to my own indolence"

87

diffidence

tentativeness; timidity (=lack of courage or confidence.)

88

fluctuation

an irregular rising and falling in number or amount; a variation.
"fluctuations in the yearly values could be caused by a variety of factors"

89

concession

a thing that is granted, especially in response to demands; the right to use land or other property etc.

90

venerate

regard with great respect; revere (=feel deep respect or admiration for (something).)
"Philip of Beverley was venerated as a saint"

91

detrimental

tending to cause harm.
"recent policies have been detrimental to the interests of many old people"

92

squandering

waste something in a reckless or foolish manner

93

ubiquity

the fact of appearing everywhere or of being very common.

94

banality

commonplace; overused expression