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Flashcards in vocabulary Deck (43):
1

Anisocoria

Unequal pupils

2

S3 sounds like...

Kentucky

3

Pathognomonic

Sign which is very specific for a particular disease.

The presence of the sign indicates a disease without any doubt.

3

Achalasia

Esophageal motility disorder.

Lack of peristalsis, incomplete opening of sphincter, increased sphincter tone.

4

S4 sounds like...

Tennessee

5

Odynophagia

Painful swallowing

6

Melena

Black, tarry stool

7

Etiology

Study of causality

8

Epidemiology

Study of patterns of diseases

9

Cor pulmonale

right heart failure secondary to a pulmonary cause

10

Hyperdontia

Too many teeth

11

Hypertelorism

Widely separated eyes

12

Macroglossia

vs. what syndrome's feature?

Unusually large tongue

(vs. the low tone of Down's syndrome which results in protrusion)

13

Atresia

Condition where an orifice or passageway in the body is absent or closed

anal atresia, esophageal atresia

14

Philtrum

vertical groove between nose and upper lip

15

Talipes equinovarus congenita

club feet

16

coloboma

key-hole iris

results from embryonic fissure defect

17

heterochromia

eyes of different color

18

microstomia

small mouth

19

micrognathia

very small lower jaw

AKA mandibular hypoplasia

20

cheilosis

fissures at lip corners

can be sign of vitamin deficiency

21

steatorrhea

bulky, foul stool (CF)

22

apraxia

the inability to execute purposeful movements, despite having the desire and the physical capacity to do so

23

antagonist

blocker

25

agonist

activator

26

esotropia

eyes deviate INWARD

27

exotropia

eyes deviate OUTWARD

28

hypertropia

eyes deviate UPWARD

29

hypotropia

eyes deviate DOWNWARD

30

otalgia

ear pain

31

hyperemia

increased blood flow; clinically presents as erythema

32

infratentorial

below the tentorium
aka - the "tent" of the cerebellum

33

autosomal dominant

appearing in every generation

34

coprolalia

obscene speech

35

palilalia

repeating one's own words

36

echolalia

repeating another's words

37

copropraxia

obscene gestures

38

anisocytosis

red cell size variation

r/t RDW

39

paresthesia

tingling

40

glossitis

big, beefy red tongue

associated with Folate deficiency anemia and Pernicious anemia

41

chordee

bowing of the penis

42

oliguria

low urine output

43

tocolytic

anti-contraction medication (uterine)