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English 9 > Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary Deck (144):
1

Hyperbole

A way of describing something by saying that it is bigger, stronger, more impressive etc. than something really is

2

Obdurate

Very determined not to change your beliefs or feelings in a way that is unreasonable; unaffected by persuasion

3

Sententious

given to moralizing in a pompous or fake and affected way; saying something in a short amount of time

4

Despotic

of a despot type; describes someone that uses power in a cruel or unfair way, especially of a ruler of a country

5

Extenuate

make a guilt or offense seem less serious or more forgivable; making forgivable

6

Fray

to unravel; a battle or argument

7

Extricate

to free someone or something from a constraining place or situation

8

Garish

very brightly colored and unpleasant to look at; tastelessly colorful or showy

9

Attrition

the action or process of gradually reducing the strength or effectiveness of someone or something through sustained pressure

10

Gossamer

a very light, thin and delicate substance

11

Paramour

a lover, especially the illicit partner of a married person

12

Jocund

cheerful and lighthearted

13

Confute

to prove a person or assertion to be wrong

14

Credence

the acceptance of something as true

15

Supercilious

behaving as if you think that you are superior to others

16

Doff

take off or raise one's hat as a greeting or a sign of respect

17

Arbitrate

to be a judge in an argument because both sides have asked for this

18

Petulant

childish; becoming angry because you do not get what you want

19

Plaintive

showing suffering or sadness in your voice

20

Unscrupulous

having or showing immoral principles

21

Burlesque

a theatrical work that makes fun of something through exaggerated imitation; a parody

22

Ludicrous

amusing through obvious absurdity or incongruity

23

Askance

with disapproval or distrust; with a side glance

24

Remonstration

to protest or urge reasons in opposition

25

Apoplectic

extremely angry

26

Dyspeptic

having irritability, depression or indigestion

27

Insouciant

showing a lack of concern; carefree

28

Deportment

the way you conduct yourself

29

Consecrated

declare something, especially a church, as sacred

30

Addle

make unable to think clearly; confuse

31

Scourge

the cause of great suffering

32

Rostrum

a stage used for public speaking

33

Placid

not easily upset or excited; calm and peaceful

34

Slough

a discouraged or degraded state

35

Prolixity

long windedness

36

Pugnacious

willing to fight

37

Pedagogical

relating to teaching or education

38

Morose

being gloomy or ill tempered

39

Digression

the act of leaving the main subject in a written or verbal expression of thought

40

Brusque

blunt in manner or speech to the point of harshness

41

Chisel

to cheat or swindle somebody out of something

42

Purveyor

a person or business that provides particular goods

43

Obtuse

slow to understand; willfully ignorant

44

Bridle

to show resentment or anger

45

Atmosphere (mood)

the feeling that a piece of writing evokes

46

Bourgeois

interested in having a lot of possessions; aspiring to be in a high position in society

47

Injunction

an authoritative warning or order that restrains a person from beginning or continuing an illegal action

48

Sentient

able to feel or perceive things

49

Ostracize

to exclude or banish

50

Snivel

to cry and sniffle

51

Harrowing

causing shock, distress or fright

52

Sacrilegious

treating a holy place or object without the proper respect

53

Inane

very silly or stupid; lacking significance or point

54

Complacent

self-satisfied to the point where you are unaware of dangers or deficiencies

55

Bemused

confused; preoccupied or lost in thought; absentminded

56

Tone

the attitude of an author towards a piece of writing

57

Imagery

visually descriptive or figurative language

58

Alliteration

the use of several words together that begin with the same consonant

59

Assonance

the use of several words that have similar vowel sounds in order to produce a special effect

60

Derogatory

showing a critical or disrespectful attitude

61

Qualm

a feeling of slight worry or doubt because you are not sure if what you are doing is right

62

Metaphor

A method of describing something or someone by comparing it to something else that has similar qualities without like or as

63

Motif

the dominant idea or theme in a literary or artistic work

64

Imperious

arrogant; believing you are above other people

65

Empathy

the ability to understand or share the feelings of another

66

Denouement

the final part of a play or story where the strands of plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved

67

Mollify

to reduce the intensity or rigidity of someone or something

68

Profusion

a large amount of something; an abundance of something

69

Chafe

to become irritated or annoyed; to become sore, damaged or irritated because of rubbing

70

Oxymoron

a combination of words that seem to mean the opposite of each other but are possibly true

71

Allusion

something said or written that mentions a subject, literature, person, mythological story etc. in an indirect way

72

Paradox

a statement or situation that seems strange or impossible because it contains 2 ideas that are contradictory but are both true

73

Recumbent

lying down or resting

74

Onomatopoeia

the formation of words from a sound associated with what is named

75

Satire

a way of criticizing someone or something, in which you show his/her faults in a funny way, often trying to show possible improvements

76

unremitting

not stopping, growing weaker or slowing down

77

Cryptic

having a meaning that is obscure or mysterious

78

Nonchalant

not energized or disturbed by anything

79

Indolence

inclination to laziness; sloth; avoidance of activity

80

Feral

wild or savage, especially of an animal

81

Omniscient

having infinite awareness, understanding, insight or knowledge; 3rd person POV where the narrator is not in the story but knows everyone's thoughts

82

Contorted

to twisted or bent out of normal shape

83

Halitosis

the medical condition of having bad breath

84

Pantomime

exaggerated mime

85

Incognito

concealing your identity, especially in a place where a disguise is not usually used

86

Understatement

a statement that is not strong enough to express how good, impressive, bad, etc. something really is

87

Putrid

repulsive, decaying or unpleasant

88

Mottle

mark with spots or blotches of color

89

Euphemism

a polite word or expression used instead of a more direct one in order to prevent upsetting or shocking someone

90

Vacillate

to change your opinions or actions frequently; to be indecisive

91

Querulous

complaining in a childish or whining manner (constantly)

92

Partisan

someone who has strong support for a person, cause or, party; prejudiced or biased in favor of a certain cause or party

93

Whit

a very small part or amount; particle or drop

94

Canker

a fungal disease that affects trees and damages bark; a disease or condition that causes open sores that fail to heal(canker sore); bacterial infection; to infect with a bitterness that spreads to many

95

Portentous

ominous; warning, menacing, or threatening

96

Propagate

reproduce an animal or plant through natural processes; spread and promote an idea, theory, information, etc. widely;

97

Lineament

a distinctive feature or characteristic, especially of the face

98

Chaste

abstaining from extramarital, or from all, sexual intercourse; innocent

99

Wormwood

a woody shrub that is used in medicine; a state or source of bitterness or grief; a bitter tasting plant

100

Stint

to supply an amount of something that is not enough or is ungenerous; a limit on the supply or effort of someone or something; a person's fixed or allotted period of work

101

Wanton

to take part in sexual activities that are not modest; sexually unrestrained

102

Ambuscade

an ambush

103

Vestal

referring to Vesta (Greek, Artemis), a Roman goddess; a woman who does not take part in sexual intercourse, especially a nun; a virgin

104

Sham

something that is not what it is falsely claimed to be (purported); fake; to present something as the truth; something that people say is true even though it is false

105

Carrion

the decaying flesh of animals

106

Fettle

state or condition

107

Abhor

to regard with disgust and hatred; to detest

108

covert

not openly acknowledged, shown or displayed

109

Prorogue

to discontinue a session of a legislative assembly without dissolving it; to discontinue something

110

Coy

quiet, reserved or shy

111

Impute

to represent something as being done, caused or possessed by someone especially for something negative; to attribute to

112

Osier

shoot of a willow tree; a twig from a willow tree

113

Baleful

threatening harm; menacing

114

Privy

sharing in the knowledge of something secret

115

Augment

to make something greater or larger by adding to it; to increase

116

Sallow

relating to someone's face; bloodless complexion; an unhealthy yellow or pale brown color of a person's face

117

Dowdy

unfashionable and without style in appearance

118

Dirge

a lament for the dead, especially one that makes up part of a funeral ceremony; a mournful song, piece of music or poem

119

Descry

catch sight of

120

Antic

grotesque or bizarre; playful or funny

121

Bandy

discuss an idea in a casual or uninformed way

122

Cull

select from a large quantity; obtain from a variety of sources; a selective slaughter of wild animals

123

Loll

sit, lie or stand in a lazy or relaxed way

124

Invocation

to call or summon something or someone for assistance as an authority; a prayer for blessing or guidance

125

Abate

to become less intense or widespread especially of something that is negative or threatening; to make or become less

126

Scurvy

a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin C, which causes swollen bleeding gums and the opening of previously healed wounds (especially found in malnourished sailors); contemptible

127

Knave

a dishonest or unscrupulous man

128

Amerce

punish by fine or with another penalty

129

Sojourn

a temporary stay; to stay somewhere temporarily

130

Solace

comfort or consultation in a time of distress or sadness (can be a verb)

131

Obsequies

funeral rituals/rites/ceremony

132

Idolatry

the worship of idols or extreme admiration for someone

133

Penury

Extreme poverty; destitution

134

Peruse

to read through something in a careful way

135

Presage

an omen or portent; to be a sign or warning that something bad will happen; a warning or sign that something bad will happen; sage=all knowing person

136

Prate

to talk foolishly or tediously about something

137

Tithe

one tenth of a person's income or earning or produce, which used to be given as tax to support the church

138

Mire

a stretch of boggy or swampy ground; a difficult, distressing or embarrassing situation from which it is hard to escape from; to make stuck in mud; to cause someone to be stuck in a difficult situation

139

Sunder

to split apart

140

Prostrate

to lie down on the ground with one's face downwards; to reduce someone to extreme physical weakness; to lay yourself down in worship

141

Feign

to pretend to be affected by something

142

Inexorable

impossible to stop or prevent; impossible to persuade by request or entreaty

143

Chide

to scold

144

Churl

an impolite, rude, and mean-spirited person