Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Miller Analogie Test: MAT > Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary Deck (302):
1

candor

quality of being open and honest

2

ruse

an action intended to deceive someone; a trick

3

dander

lose one's temper

4

thwart

to oppose successfully

e.g. they thwarted the plan

5

contempt

the feeling that a person or thing is beneath consideration or worthless

6

deride

to laugh at, mock or insult contemptuously

7

miasma (mi azma)

heavy fog, haze, gas or poison in the air

8

cloudburst

sudden violent rainstorm

9

caesura (se zyoora)

a break between words or any interruption or break

10

metonymy

the substitution of the name of an attribute for that thing

e.g. suit -> business man
track -> horse racing

11

elision

omission of a sound or syllable when speaking

e.g. I'm vs. I am let's vs. let us

12

anaphora

repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of a phrase

13

fixative

a substance used to fix or stabilize something

14

lacquer

a hard glossy coating for wood; varnish

15

guffaw

a loud boisterous laugh

16

drone

a low continuous humming sound

a male bee

17

chortle (chordl)

a breathy gleeful laugh

18

doused

pour a liquid over; drench

19

heretofore

before now

20

behindhand

late or slow in doing something

especially paying a debt

21

exonerate

absolve from blame

22

execrate

curse; swear

feel or express great loathing for

23

impel

drive, force, or urge someone to do something

24

elucidate

make something clear; explain

25

adulterate

to debase or make impure by adding inferior materials or elements

26

defile

to make unclean or impure

27

tedium

the state of being bored or quality of being borng

28

calumny

the making or false and defamatory statements in order to damage someone's reputation

29

reverence

great respect for someone

30

heresy

belief or opinion contrary to religion

31

sacrilege

violation or misuse of what is regarded sacred

32

faux pas (fo pa)

an embarrassing social mistake

33

gaffe

an unintentional act or remark causing embarrassment to it's originator, a blunder

34

idee fixe (e day fix)

an idea or desire that dominate the mind; an obsession

35

notwithstanding

in spite of

e.g. notwithstanding his workload he's a wonderful father

36

decry

publicly denounce

37

snivel

cry and sniffle

38

denounce

publicly declare to be wrong or evil

39

condemn

express complete disapproval in public

40

debonair

confident, stylish and charming

41

postulate

suggest or assume the existence

42

polemic

strong verbal attack

43

diatribe

a forceful and bitter verbal attack

44

assertion

a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief

45

ubiquitous

existing or being everywhere

46

omnipresent

widely or constantly encountered

47

omnipotent

having unlimited power; able to do anything

48

amalgamation

the action or process of combining or uniting

49

remuneration

money paid for work or service

50

redress

remedy or set right

51

recant

to announce in public that your past beliefs or statements were wrong or not true

52

depose

remove from office suddenly and forcefully

53

disavow

deny responsibility or support for

54

repudiate

deny the truth or validity of

55

tempest

a violent windy storm

56

dogmatist

is a person who thinks in a narrow minded and stubborn way often because of prejudice and bigotry

57

bigotry

intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself

58

zealot

a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political or other ideas

59

assertive

having or showing a confident and forceful personality

60

enigmatic

mysterious; difficult to interpret

61

conciliate

stop from being angry or discontented

62

larceny

theft of personal property

63

incessant

continuing without interruptions, ceaseless, unending

64

unremitting

never relaxing or slackening; constant incessant

65

predicament

a difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation

66

quandary

a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation

67

homologous (homol o gus)

having the same relation, relative position, or structure, in particular

68

acrimonious

(typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter

69

acerbic

harsh or severe, as of temper or expression

70

stupor

a state of near-unconsciousness or insensibility

71

irascible

having or showing a tendency to be easily angered

72

impecunious

having little or no money

73

impetuous

acting or done quickly and without thought or care

74

indefatigable

(of a person or their efforts) persisting tirelessly

75

sanctified

set apart as or declare holy; consecrate

76

desecrated

treat (a sacred place or thing) with violent disrespect; violate

77

mollusk

an invertebrate of a large phylum that includes snails, slugs, mussels, and octopuses

78

Encomium

a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly

79

idiomatic

using, containing, or denoting expressions that are natural to a native speaker; idioms

80

blasphemous

sacrilegious against God or sacred things; profane

81

tryst

a private, romantic rendezvous between lovers

82

hull

the main body of a ship or other vessel, including the bottom, sides

also outer part of a seed

83

carapace

the hard upper shell of a turtle, crustacean, or arachnid

84

homogenize

to form by blending unlike elements; make homogeneous.

85

assimilate

take in (information, ideas, or culture) and understand fully

86

peduncle

the stalk bearing a flower or fruit, or the main stalk of an inflorescence

87

rue

bitterly regret (something one has done or allowed to happen)

88

trepidation

a feeling of fear or agitation about something that may happen

89

apprehension

anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen

90

imperative

absolutely necessary or required; unavoidable:

It is imperative that we leave.

of the nature of or expressing a command; commending.

91

declarative

serving to declare, make known, or explain: a declarative statement.

92

epilogue

a section or speech at the end of a book or play that serves as a comment on or a conclusion to what has happened

93

flippant

not showing a serious or respectful attitude

94

culmination

the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time

95

veldt

the open country, bearing grass, bushes, or shrubs, or thinly forested, characteristic of parts of southern Africa.

96

sere

dry or withered

97

effusive

expressing feelings of gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner

98

daft

silly; foolish

99

exorbitant

(of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high

100

swanky

stylishly luxurious and expensive

101

cirrus

cloud forming wispy filamentous tufted streaks

102

cholla (chow ya)

any of several spiny treelike cacti belonging to the genus Opuntia

103

cumulonimbus kyo͞omyəlōˈnimbəs

, from the Latin cumulus ("heaped") and nimbus ("rainstorm"), is a dense, towering vertical cloud, forming from water vapor carried by powerful upward air currents

104

gander

a male goose

look or glance at something

105

cerulean

a colour term that may be applied to certain colours with the hue ranging roughly between blue and azure overlapping with both

106

quran

the Islamic sacred book, consists of 114 units of varying lengths, known as suras

107

mandir

is referred to a place where Hindus go to worship gods

108

mosque

is a place of worship for Muslims

109

synagogue

the building where a Jewish assembly or congregation meets for religious worship and instruction.

110

bevy

a large group of people or things of a particular kind.

111

warren

a network of interconnecting rabbit burrows.

112

unorthodox

contrary to what is usual, traditional, or accepted; not orthodox

113

apocryphal

of doubtful authenticity, although widely circulated as being true

114

irreverence

a lack of respect for people or things that are generally taken seriously

115

incongruity

out of keeping or place; inappropriate; unbecoming

116

blithe

joyous, merry, or happy in disposition; glad; cheerful

117

facetious

treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor; flippant

118

barometer

indicates air pressure

119

weather vane

indicates air direction

120

gelding

a castrated animal, especially a male horse

121

"The Big Easy"

New Orleans nick name

122

"The Big Apple"

New York

123

sociopath

a person with a personality disorder and a lack of conscience.

124

psychopath

a person suffering from chronic mental disorder lack of empathy

125

slovenly

messy and dirty
(especially of a person or their appearance)

126

irrefutable

impossible to deny or disprove

127

dubious

hesitating or doubting

128

amass

gather together or accumulate

129

cache

a collection of items of the same type stored in a hidden or inaccessible place

130

caprice

a sudden and unaccountable change of mood or behavior

131

erudite

having or showing great knowledge or learning

132

notoriety

the state of being famous or well known for some bad quality or deed

133

whimsical

acting or behaving in a capricious manner

playfully quaint or fanciful, especially in an appealing and amusing way

134

entomologist

is the scientific study of insects

135

Inuit

are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska

136

bedouin

a nomadic Arab of the desert.

137

chukker

each of a number of periods (typically six) into which play in a game of polo is divided. A chukker lasts 7 1/2 minutes

138

slag

waste from a furnace

139

arachnid

All arachnids have eight legs, although the front pair of legs

spider, scorpian

140

effervescent

(of a liquid) giving off bubbles; fizzy.

141

mollusk

They have a soft, unsegmented body and live in aquatic or damp habitats, and most kinds have an external calcareous shell.

142

mundane

lacking interest or excitement; dull

143

pedestrian

lacking inspiration or excitement; dull

a person walking along a road or in a developed area.

144

flagon

holds wine

145

mirth

mirth causes joy; amusement or laughter

146

chordate

A chordate is an animal belonging to the phylum

147

genus

a class of things that have common characteristics and that can be divided into subordinate kinds

148

amici curiae (us mahy kus kyooree)

"friend of the court"; is someone who volunteers or is invited to the court to give advice upon some matter pending before it

149

corpus delecti

concrete evidence of a crime, such as a corpse.

150

omnibus

comprising several items.

151

lyre

a stringed instrument like a small U-shaped harp with strings fixed to a crossbar, used especially in ancient Greece

152

lactose

a sugar present in milk. It is a disaccharide containing glucose and galactose units

153

idyllic

like an idyll; extremely happy, peaceful, or picturesque.

154

arcadian

(used with regard to idealized country life) idyllically rustic

155

arcane

Something arcane is understood or known by only a few people.

Almost everyone knows the basics of baseball, but only an elite few possess the arcane knowledge of its history that marks the true fan

156

nebulous

Something that's nebulous is clouded or hazy. When you walk through the woods on a foggy morning, the trees may all have a mysterious, nebulous look to them

157

Destitute

essentially means not having something. When you're destitute in the sense of being poor, you're technically "destitute of money."

158

emaciated

Someone who is dangerously skinny and skeletal-looking can be described as emaciated

159

ashen

Use the word ashen to describe the pale face of someone who is shocked and upset.

160

rotund

Rotund describes anything that's plump or round, like a teapot or your chubby Aunt Agnes

161

hasten

The verb hasten means to move at a high speed. If you hasten to your room, no one will know that you came in late

162

brethren

The Bible often uses the word brethren to indicate brothers/people. It is a fancy plural form of "brother" most often used formally when speaking in a religious tone.

163

Oneiric

is an adjective that describes things related to dreams. At the end of "The Wizard of Oz," you are left to decide if Dorothy really traveled to Oz or if she was simply in an oneiric state, dreaming up the whole adventure.

164

fluvial

of or relating to or happening in a river

165

epic

An epic is a long poem or other work of art celebrating heroic feats.

After you sail around the world for seven years, fighting corruption and planting vegetable gardens, some poet will surely write the epic of your adventures.

166

aloof

Someone who's aloof isn't warm and friendly, instead being distant and reserved

167

zealous

Use the adjective zealous as a way to describe eagerness or enthusiastic activity.

If you are too zealous in your efforts to decorate the house with Christmas lights, you might cause a power outage for the whole neighborhood

168

dogma

Dogma means the doctrine of belief in a religion or a political system

169

Yoknapatawpha

pronounced is a fictional Mississippi county created by the American author William Faulkner

170

cloying

causing or tending to cause disgust or aversion through excess

171

asinine

is truly stupid or foolish

Your brother might love a ridiculous reality TV show, while you find it completely asinine.

172

taciturn

inclined to silence; reserved in speech; reluctant to join in conversation

173

haughty

is arrogant and full of pride. When you're haughty, you have a big attitude and act like you're better than other people.

174

hew

to strike forcibly with an ax, sword, or other cutting instrument; chop

175

stanch

to stop the flow of

176

ingenuous

shows a childlike innocence, trust, and openness.

One of the things kindergarten teachers value is the chance to work with kids while they're still relatively ingenuous––their open, trusting natures are a joy

177

sentry

is someone who stands guard or watches against some intrusion or unwelcome activity.

178

epigram

is a short, clever remark

179

adage

a proverb or short statement expressing a general truth

Moms and dads love adages such as "early to bed, early to rise" and "an apple a day keeps the doctor away."

180

harpsichord

is a musical instrument that looks like a piano but has a noticeably different tone

181

nihilism

the rejection of all religious and moral principles, often in the belief that life is meaningless

182

Utilitarianism

is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility. "Utility" is defined in various ways, usually in terms of the well-being of sentient entities

183

coda

is a concluding segment of a piece of music, a dance, or a statement.

184

denouement

the outcome of a complex sequence of events

185

crusoe

a solitary castaway

186

Jainism

Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion. Followers of Jainism are called "Jains"

187

Hinduism

is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practiced in the Indian subcontinent

188

Confucianism

also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life

189

Brahma

is a creator god in Hinduism

190

Allah

God in Islam

191

Shiva

Shiva is the third god in the Hindu triumvirate. The other two gods are Brahma and Vishnu

192

Taoism

a Chinese philosophy based on the writings of Lao-tzu ( fl. 6th century BC), advocating humility and religious piety.

193

Buddhism

is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies

194

collective unconscious

originally defined by Carl Jung

195

Oedipus complex and Electra complex

by Freud the complex of emotions aroused in a young child, typically around the age of four, by an unconscious sexual desire for the parent of the opposite sex and a wish to exclude the parent of the same sex. (The term was originally applied to boys, the equivalent in girls being called the Electra complex .).

196

operant conditioning

At Harvard, B.F. Skinner looked for a more objective and measured way to study behavior. He developed what he called an operant conditioning apparatus to do this, which became better known as the Skinner box

197

inferiority complex

by Alfred Adler was a physician, psychotherapist, and the founder of Adlerian psychology, sometimes called individual psychology.

An inferiority complex is the lack of self-worth, a doubt and uncertainty about oneself, and feelings of not measuring up to standards.

198

There are seven main taxonomic ranks

kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species

199

adjudicate

is to act like a judge. A judge might adjudicate a case in court, and you may have to adjudicate in the local talent show.

200

bucolic

refers to an ideal country life that many yearn for.

201

Dolorous

is an adjective that describes someone showing great sadness

202

enervate

is to weaken, wear down, or even bum out

203

fulsome

complimentary or flattering to an excessive degree

204

glut

is too much of something

205

halcyon

denoting a period of time in the past that was idyllically happy and peaceful

206

Insouciance

casual lack of concern; indifference

207

Kowtow

which describes the act of kneeling and touching one’s head to the ground to show respect, used to be a custom in Chinese culture

208

lugubrious

Anything that makes you sad, gloomy, or mournful can be called lugubrious

209

mordant

anything particularly grim or dark in nature

210

obviate

to eliminate the need for something or to prevent something from happening

211

parsimony

extreme unwillingness to spend money or use resources

212

Querulous

complaining in a petulant or whining manner

213

redolent

strongly reminiscent or suggestive of (something)

214

salubrious

health-giving; healthy

215

tortuous

full of twists and turns

216

upbraid

find fault with (someone); scold

217

vex

it annoys, worries, distresses, irritates, bothers, or puzzles you

218

wan

pale and giving the impression of illness or exhaustion

219

xenophobic

having or showing a dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries

220

yoke

a wooden crosspiece that is fastened over the necks of two animals and attached to the plow or cart that they are to pull

221

zeitgeist

the defining spirit or mood of a particular period of history as shown by the ideas and beliefs of the time

222

avuncular

relating to an uncle

223

diaphanous

light, delicate, and translucent

224

euphonious

pleasing to the ear

225

sanguine

optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation

226

uxorial

relating to a wife

227

Adumbrate

to partially outline a plan; vaguely foreshadow

228

Blandishment

flattering comments

229

Chary

cautious

230

Discomfit

to make someone else confused or upset

231

Extant

still in existence; not lost

232

Feign

to pretend to feel something

233

Gratuitous

not necessary or appropriate

234

Harrow

to draw a harrow over land; to distress

235

Incursion

sudden attack into an area controlled by the enemy

236

Jingoism

belief that one’s own country is right and aggressive actions against others is acceptable

237

Knell

to ring for death; to make an ominous sound

238

Meretricious

apparently attractive but having in reality no value or integrity

239

Nostrum

suggested solution that probably will not work

240

Obdurate

refusing to change the way you do something

241

Sinecure

job in which someone is paid to do little or no work

242

Tacit

understood without direct explanation

243

Vagary

an erratic unpredictable action or thought

244

eventuate

come out in the end

245

Doric

Greek style architecture

246

gambrel

a roof with two sides, each of which has a shallower slope above a steeper one

247

Khan

the supreme ruler of the Tatar tribes, as well as emperor of China, during the Middle Ages

248

Czar

an emperor of Russia before 1917

249

drake

male duck

250

gill

female ferret

251

ballad

a poem or a song

252

The Pulitzer Prize

is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States

253

Scrupulous

means very careful to do things properly and correctly

254

reprobate

an unprincipled person

The black sheep of the family, missing a moral compass — a reprobate's been called everything from a deviant to an evildoer to a scoundrel

255

The Wealth of Nations

book written by Scottish philosopher Adam Smith

256

‎A Theory of Justice · ‎Veil of ignorance · ‎Original position · ‎Justice as Fairness

books written by American philosopher John Rawls

257

"King of Jazz"

was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader Benny Goodman

258

"Satchmo"

an American jazz musician, Louis Armstrong

259

Miles Davis

was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer

260

Cole Porter

was an American composer and songwriter

261

scott joplin

was an African-American composer and pianist

262

sonnet

a poem of 14 lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes,

263

haiku

poem of 3 lines rarely rhyming

264

hydrophobia

extreme or irrational fear of water

265

acrophobia

extreme or irrational fear of heights

266

cibophobia

fear of food

267

Ophidiophobia

fear of snakes

268

Thanatophobia

fear of death

269

arachnophobia

fear of spiders

270

agoraphobia

fear of open spaces or crowded places

271

electron

is negative charge

272

proton

is positive charge

273

neutron

no charge

274

crypto

a person having a secret allegiance to a political creed, especially communism

275

ethno

a combining form meaning ”race,” “people,” or “culture,” used in the formation of compound words

276

chrono

relating to time

277

choreo

relating to dance

278

Polonius

is a character in William Shakespeare's Hamlet

279

Laertes

is a character in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet

280

Lord Macduff

the Thane of Fife, is a character in William Shakespeare's Macbeth

281

Eli Whitney

A modern mechanical cotton gin was created by American inventor

282

Johannes Gutenberg

German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe with the printing press. His introduction of mechanical movable type printing to Europe started the Printing Revolution

283

Nicolaus Copernicus

was a Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe

284

Dizzy" Gillespie

was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and singer

285

Charles Parker

also known as Yardbird and Bird, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Parker was a highly influential jazz soloist and a leading figure in the development of bebop

286

To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel by

Harper Lee

287

The Old Man and the Sea is a short novel written by

the American author Ernest Hemingway

288

Long Day's Journey into Night (produced posthumously 1957), is at the apex of a long string of great plays, including Beyond the Horizon (1920), Anna Christie (1922), Strange Interlude

playwright Eugene O'Neill

289

The Catcher in the Rye

Jerome David "J. D." Salinger was an American writer known for his widely read novel

290

The Jungle

is a 1906 novel written by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair

291

Right to be free from un-reasonable searches and seizures

Amendment 4

292

Right to not have to quarter Soldiers and seizures

Amendment 3

293

Right to Bear Arms

Amendment 2

294

Freedom of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition

Amendment 1

295

Right to grand jury indictment, no double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law

Amendment 5

296

Right to be in-formed of charges be present when wit-nesses speak in court, to call defense witnesses, to have a lawyer

Amendment 6

297

The Grey Cup

(French: Coupe Grey) is the name of both the championship game of the Canadian Football League (CFL) and the trophy awarded to the victorious team playing Canadian football.

298

Benito Mussolini

was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party

299

Karl Marx

was a German philosopher, wrote Des Capital. (Communism)

300

Muslim vs Islam

Muslim should be used to describe all people of the Islamic faith

They practice their religion in a mosque

301

pillage

take everything of value from a place that you've conquered; taking whats not yours

302

plunder

can mean stolen goods or money obtained illegally