Flashcards in Vocabulary Deck (302):
quality of being open and honest
an action intended to deceive someone; a trick
lose one's temper
to oppose successfully
e.g. they thwarted the plan
the feeling that a person or thing is beneath consideration or worthless
to laugh at, mock or insult contemptuously
miasma (mi azma)
heavy fog, haze, gas or poison in the air
sudden violent rainstorm
caesura (se zyoora)
a break between words or any interruption or break
the substitution of the name of an attribute for that thing
e.g. suit -> business man
track -> horse racing
omission of a sound or syllable when speaking
e.g. I'm vs. I am let's vs. let us
repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of a phrase
a substance used to fix or stabilize something
a hard glossy coating for wood; varnish
a loud boisterous laugh
a low continuous humming sound
a male bee
a breathy gleeful laugh
pour a liquid over; drench
late or slow in doing something
especially paying a debt
absolve from blame
feel or express great loathing for
drive, force, or urge someone to do something
make something clear; explain
to debase or make impure by adding inferior materials or elements
to make unclean or impure
the state of being bored or quality of being borng
the making or false and defamatory statements in order to damage someone's reputation
great respect for someone
belief or opinion contrary to religion
violation or misuse of what is regarded sacred
faux pas (fo pa)
an embarrassing social mistake
an unintentional act or remark causing embarrassment to it's originator, a blunder
idee fixe (e day fix)
an idea or desire that dominate the mind; an obsession
in spite of
e.g. notwithstanding his workload he's a wonderful father
cry and sniffle
publicly declare to be wrong or evil
express complete disapproval in public
confident, stylish and charming
suggest or assume the existence
strong verbal attack
a forceful and bitter verbal attack
a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief
existing or being everywhere
widely or constantly encountered
having unlimited power; able to do anything
the action or process of combining or uniting
money paid for work or service
remedy or set right
to announce in public that your past beliefs or statements were wrong or not true
remove from office suddenly and forcefully
deny responsibility or support for
deny the truth or validity of
a violent windy storm
is a person who thinks in a narrow minded and stubborn way often because of prejudice and bigotry
intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself
a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political or other ideas
having or showing a confident and forceful personality
mysterious; difficult to interpret
stop from being angry or discontented
theft of personal property
continuing without interruptions, ceaseless, unending
never relaxing or slackening; constant incessant
a difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation
a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation
homologous (homol o gus)
having the same relation, relative position, or structure, in particular
(typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter
harsh or severe, as of temper or expression
a state of near-unconsciousness or insensibility
having or showing a tendency to be easily angered
having little or no money
acting or done quickly and without thought or care
(of a person or their efforts) persisting tirelessly
set apart as or declare holy; consecrate
treat (a sacred place or thing) with violent disrespect; violate
an invertebrate of a large phylum that includes snails, slugs, mussels, and octopuses
a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly
using, containing, or denoting expressions that are natural to a native speaker; idioms
sacrilegious against God or sacred things; profane
a private, romantic rendezvous between lovers
the main body of a ship or other vessel, including the bottom, sides
also outer part of a seed
the hard upper shell of a turtle, crustacean, or arachnid
to form by blending unlike elements; make homogeneous.
take in (information, ideas, or culture) and understand fully
the stalk bearing a flower or fruit, or the main stalk of an inflorescence
bitterly regret (something one has done or allowed to happen)
a feeling of fear or agitation about something that may happen
anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen
absolutely necessary or required; unavoidable:
It is imperative that we leave.
of the nature of or expressing a command; commending.
serving to declare, make known, or explain: a declarative statement.
a section or speech at the end of a book or play that serves as a comment on or a conclusion to what has happened
not showing a serious or respectful attitude
the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time
the open country, bearing grass, bushes, or shrubs, or thinly forested, characteristic of parts of southern Africa.
dry or withered
expressing feelings of gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner
(of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high
stylishly luxurious and expensive
cloud forming wispy filamentous tufted streaks
cholla (chow ya)
any of several spiny treelike cacti belonging to the genus Opuntia
, from the Latin cumulus ("heaped") and nimbus ("rainstorm"), is a dense, towering vertical cloud, forming from water vapor carried by powerful upward air currents
a male goose
look or glance at something
a colour term that may be applied to certain colours with the hue ranging roughly between blue and azure overlapping with both
the Islamic sacred book, consists of 114 units of varying lengths, known as suras
is referred to a place where Hindus go to worship gods
is a place of worship for Muslims
the building where a Jewish assembly or congregation meets for religious worship and instruction.
a large group of people or things of a particular kind.
a network of interconnecting rabbit burrows.
contrary to what is usual, traditional, or accepted; not orthodox
of doubtful authenticity, although widely circulated as being true
a lack of respect for people or things that are generally taken seriously
out of keeping or place; inappropriate; unbecoming
joyous, merry, or happy in disposition; glad; cheerful
treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor; flippant
indicates air pressure
indicates air direction
a castrated animal, especially a male horse
"The Big Easy"
New Orleans nick name
"The Big Apple"
a person with a personality disorder and a lack of conscience.
a person suffering from chronic mental disorder lack of empathy
messy and dirty
(especially of a person or their appearance)
impossible to deny or disprove
hesitating or doubting
gather together or accumulate
a collection of items of the same type stored in a hidden or inaccessible place
a sudden and unaccountable change of mood or behavior
having or showing great knowledge or learning
the state of being famous or well known for some bad quality or deed
acting or behaving in a capricious manner
playfully quaint or fanciful, especially in an appealing and amusing way
is the scientific study of insects
are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska
a nomadic Arab of the desert.
each of a number of periods (typically six) into which play in a game of polo is divided. A chukker lasts 7 1/2 minutes
waste from a furnace
All arachnids have eight legs, although the front pair of legs
(of a liquid) giving off bubbles; fizzy.
They have a soft, unsegmented body and live in aquatic or damp habitats, and most kinds have an external calcareous shell.
lacking interest or excitement; dull
lacking inspiration or excitement; dull
a person walking along a road or in a developed area.
mirth causes joy; amusement or laughter
A chordate is an animal belonging to the phylum
a class of things that have common characteristics and that can be divided into subordinate kinds
amici curiae (us mahy kus kyooree)
"friend of the court"; is someone who volunteers or is invited to the court to give advice upon some matter pending before it
concrete evidence of a crime, such as a corpse.
comprising several items.
a stringed instrument like a small U-shaped harp with strings fixed to a crossbar, used especially in ancient Greece
a sugar present in milk. It is a disaccharide containing glucose and galactose units
like an idyll; extremely happy, peaceful, or picturesque.
(used with regard to idealized country life) idyllically rustic
Something arcane is understood or known by only a few people.
Almost everyone knows the basics of baseball, but only an elite few possess the arcane knowledge of its history that marks the true fan
Something that's nebulous is clouded or hazy. When you walk through the woods on a foggy morning, the trees may all have a mysterious, nebulous look to them
essentially means not having something. When you're destitute in the sense of being poor, you're technically "destitute of money."
Someone who is dangerously skinny and skeletal-looking can be described as emaciated
Use the word ashen to describe the pale face of someone who is shocked and upset.
Rotund describes anything that's plump or round, like a teapot or your chubby Aunt Agnes
The verb hasten means to move at a high speed. If you hasten to your room, no one will know that you came in late
The Bible often uses the word brethren to indicate brothers/people. It is a fancy plural form of "brother" most often used formally when speaking in a religious tone.
is an adjective that describes things related to dreams. At the end of "The Wizard of Oz," you are left to decide if Dorothy really traveled to Oz or if she was simply in an oneiric state, dreaming up the whole adventure.
of or relating to or happening in a river
An epic is a long poem or other work of art celebrating heroic feats.
After you sail around the world for seven years, fighting corruption and planting vegetable gardens, some poet will surely write the epic of your adventures.
Someone who's aloof isn't warm and friendly, instead being distant and reserved
Use the adjective zealous as a way to describe eagerness or enthusiastic activity.
If you are too zealous in your efforts to decorate the house with Christmas lights, you might cause a power outage for the whole neighborhood
Dogma means the doctrine of belief in a religion or a political system
pronounced is a fictional Mississippi county created by the American author William Faulkner
causing or tending to cause disgust or aversion through excess
is truly stupid or foolish
Your brother might love a ridiculous reality TV show, while you find it completely asinine.
inclined to silence; reserved in speech; reluctant to join in conversation
is arrogant and full of pride. When you're haughty, you have a big attitude and act like you're better than other people.
to strike forcibly with an ax, sword, or other cutting instrument; chop
to stop the flow of
shows a childlike innocence, trust, and openness.
One of the things kindergarten teachers value is the chance to work with kids while they're still relatively ingenuous––their open, trusting natures are a joy
is someone who stands guard or watches against some intrusion or unwelcome activity.
is a short, clever remark
a proverb or short statement expressing a general truth
Moms and dads love adages such as "early to bed, early to rise" and "an apple a day keeps the doctor away."
is a musical instrument that looks like a piano but has a noticeably different tone
the rejection of all religious and moral principles, often in the belief that life is meaningless
is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility. "Utility" is defined in various ways, usually in terms of the well-being of sentient entities
is a concluding segment of a piece of music, a dance, or a statement.
the outcome of a complex sequence of events
a solitary castaway
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion. Followers of Jainism are called "Jains"
is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practiced in the Indian subcontinent
also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life
is a creator god in Hinduism
God in Islam
Shiva is the third god in the Hindu triumvirate. The other two gods are Brahma and Vishnu
a Chinese philosophy based on the writings of Lao-tzu ( fl. 6th century BC), advocating humility and religious piety.
is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies
originally defined by Carl Jung
Oedipus complex and Electra complex
by Freud the complex of emotions aroused in a young child, typically around the age of four, by an unconscious sexual desire for the parent of the opposite sex and a wish to exclude the parent of the same sex. (The term was originally applied to boys, the equivalent in girls being called the Electra complex .).
At Harvard, B.F. Skinner looked for a more objective and measured way to study behavior. He developed what he called an operant conditioning apparatus to do this, which became better known as the Skinner box
by Alfred Adler was a physician, psychotherapist, and the founder of Adlerian psychology, sometimes called individual psychology.
An inferiority complex is the lack of self-worth, a doubt and uncertainty about oneself, and feelings of not measuring up to standards.
There are seven main taxonomic ranks
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
is to act like a judge. A judge might adjudicate a case in court, and you may have to adjudicate in the local talent show.
refers to an ideal country life that many yearn for.
is an adjective that describes someone showing great sadness
is to weaken, wear down, or even bum out
complimentary or flattering to an excessive degree
is too much of something
denoting a period of time in the past that was idyllically happy and peaceful
casual lack of concern; indifference
which describes the act of kneeling and touching one’s head to the ground to show respect, used to be a custom in Chinese culture
Anything that makes you sad, gloomy, or mournful can be called lugubrious
anything particularly grim or dark in nature
to eliminate the need for something or to prevent something from happening
extreme unwillingness to spend money or use resources
complaining in a petulant or whining manner
strongly reminiscent or suggestive of (something)
full of twists and turns
find fault with (someone); scold
it annoys, worries, distresses, irritates, bothers, or puzzles you
pale and giving the impression of illness or exhaustion
having or showing a dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries
a wooden crosspiece that is fastened over the necks of two animals and attached to the plow or cart that they are to pull
the defining spirit or mood of a particular period of history as shown by the ideas and beliefs of the time
relating to an uncle
light, delicate, and translucent
pleasing to the ear
optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation
relating to a wife
to partially outline a plan; vaguely foreshadow
to make someone else confused or upset
still in existence; not lost
to pretend to feel something
not necessary or appropriate
to draw a harrow over land; to distress
sudden attack into an area controlled by the enemy
belief that one’s own country is right and aggressive actions against others is acceptable
to ring for death; to make an ominous sound
apparently attractive but having in reality no value or integrity
suggested solution that probably will not work
refusing to change the way you do something
job in which someone is paid to do little or no work
understood without direct explanation
an erratic unpredictable action or thought
come out in the end
Greek style architecture
a roof with two sides, each of which has a shallower slope above a steeper one
the supreme ruler of the Tatar tribes, as well as emperor of China, during the Middle Ages
an emperor of Russia before 1917
a poem or a song
The Pulitzer Prize
is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States
means very careful to do things properly and correctly
an unprincipled person
The black sheep of the family, missing a moral compass — a reprobate's been called everything from a deviant to an evildoer to a scoundrel
The Wealth of Nations
book written by Scottish philosopher Adam Smith
A Theory of Justice · Veil of ignorance · Original position · Justice as Fairness
books written by American philosopher John Rawls
"King of Jazz"
was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader Benny Goodman
an American jazz musician, Louis Armstrong
was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer
was an American composer and songwriter
was an African-American composer and pianist
a poem of 14 lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes,
poem of 3 lines rarely rhyming
extreme or irrational fear of water
extreme or irrational fear of heights
fear of food
fear of snakes
fear of death
fear of spiders
fear of open spaces or crowded places
is negative charge
is positive charge
a person having a secret allegiance to a political creed, especially communism
a combining form meaning ”race,” “people,” or “culture,” used in the formation of compound words
relating to time
relating to dance
is a character in William Shakespeare's Hamlet
is a character in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet
the Thane of Fife, is a character in William Shakespeare's Macbeth
A modern mechanical cotton gin was created by American inventor
German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe with the printing press. His introduction of mechanical movable type printing to Europe started the Printing Revolution
was a Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe
was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and singer
also known as Yardbird and Bird, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Parker was a highly influential jazz soloist and a leading figure in the development of bebop
To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel by
The Old Man and the Sea is a short novel written by
the American author Ernest Hemingway
Long Day's Journey into Night (produced posthumously 1957), is at the apex of a long string of great plays, including Beyond the Horizon (1920), Anna Christie (1922), Strange Interlude
playwright Eugene O'Neill
The Catcher in the Rye
Jerome David "J. D." Salinger was an American writer known for his widely read novel
is a 1906 novel written by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair
Right to be free from un-reasonable searches and seizures
Right to not have to quarter Soldiers and seizures
Right to Bear Arms
Freedom of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition
Right to grand jury indictment, no double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law
Right to be in-formed of charges be present when wit-nesses speak in court, to call defense witnesses, to have a lawyer
The Grey Cup
(French: Coupe Grey) is the name of both the championship game of the Canadian Football League (CFL) and the trophy awarded to the victorious team playing Canadian football.
was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party
was a German philosopher, wrote Des Capital. (Communism)
Muslim vs Islam
Muslim should be used to describe all people of the Islamic faith
They practice their religion in a mosque
take everything of value from a place that you've conquered; taking whats not yours