Vocabulary 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary 8 Deck (65):
1

n.
1. a church tower and spire
2. (steepling) touching all fingertips together in front of body. means "I like me."

steeple
/ˈstēpəl/

2

n.
1. A pipe or channel for conveying fluids, such as water.
2. A tube or duct for enclosing electric wires or cable.
3. A channel through which anything is conveyed

1. a conduit for conveying water to the power plant
2. the gas pipe should not be close to any electrical conduit
3. an arms dealer who served as a conduit for intelligence data.

conduit
/ˈkänˌd(y)o͞oət/ 

3

n. The first prints made of a movie after a period of shooting

rushes
/rəSH/

4

n. decorative wood inlay in woodworking, made of veneers of fine woods, sometimes with bass or mother of pear

marquetry
/ˈmärkətrē/

5

n. marquetry where the decoration is configured in a geometric motif design. 

parquetry
/ˈpärkitrē/

6

calla lily

7

casablanca lily

8

n. A cupboard or dresser typically with open shelves above

Hutch

9

n. a center shelf section with side, shelved cupboards (for storage or display). usually made of burnished and polished wood and decorated with marquetry.

credenza

10

n. (Old English) shelves on wheel, some had 2 drawers for utensils;

n. (French) with panel doors (cabinet mostly without shelves), had 2 drawers at the top, no wheels. dining room fixture.

buffet

11

1. 3-4 drawers across the top. 2-3 sets of drawers on each side (vs. credenza: side shelves). 

2. has knee-hole openings in the front center (like a desk), or has elaborately carved high back s.t. with background mirrors.

3. used in the dining room for serving food, for displaying serving dishes such as silver, and for storage.

sideboard

12

n. have shelves, with/without glass-panes doors, contents out in display. [ex: cups, plates ]

cupboard

13

buffing (softer polishing with mild-glos shine) and waxing floor

buffing

14

n. A commercial operation within the premises of a larger concern, typically selling refreshments

concession

15

n.
1. a restaurant in a movie studio, military base, prison, or other institution
2. a store that sells food and drink to members of an organization, esp. a large grocery store on a military base
3. a deputy or delegate

commissary
/ˈkäməˌserē/

16

n. a small open-fronted hut or cubicle from which newspapers, refreshments, tickets, etc., are sold

kiosk
/ˈkēˌäsk/

17

stethoscope

18

defibrillator

19

n. resin dissolved in a liquid for applying on wood, metal, or other materials to form a hard, clear, shiny surface when dry

varnish
/ˈvärniSH/

20

n.
1. a thin decorative covering of fine wood applied to a coarser wood or other material
2. an attractive appearance that covers or disguises someone or something's true nature or feelings

veneer
/vəˈni(ə)r/

21

v.
1. thrust or force out
2. shape (a material such as metal or plastic) by forcing it through a die

1. they then extrude their feeding tentacles (from holes) , ready to withdraw at any hint of danger.
2. squeeze the bag to extrude the dough onto ungreased cookie sheets.

extrude
/ikˈstro͞od/

22

1. an embossed brass dish
2. participating drugs companies emboss a special code onto packages

emboss
/emˈbôs/ 

23

Imprint

or

Impress

24

n. water flow that occurs when soil is infiltrated to full capacity and excess water from rain, meltwater, or other sources flows over the land.

Sometimes you can even see the waste runoff going directly going into the water.

runoff
/ˈrənˌôf/ 

25

彌猴, medium-sized, chiefly forest-dwelling Old World monkey.

macaque
/məˈkäk/  

26

n.
1. (plow) a long narrow trench made in the ground by a plow, esp. for planting seeds or for irrigation
2. (make) a rut, groove, or trail in the ground or another surface
3. (frowning, or tighten eyebrown in concentration, and mark with) a line or wrinkle on a person's face

she furrowed her brows, thinking hard

furrow
/ˈfərō/ 

27

n. A cylindrical or round spout at the end of a pipe, hose, or tube, used to control a jet of gas or liquid

nozzle
/ˈnäzəl/

28

n. flexible tube conveying water, used esp. for watering plants and in firefighting

hose
/hōz/

29

n. a device for controlling the passage of fluid through a pipe or duct, esp. an automatic device allowing movement in one direction only

valve
/valv/

30

n. a small pocketknife with a blade that folds into the handle

penknife
/ˈpenˌnīf/

31

n. pliable twigs, typically of willow, plaited or woven to make items such as furniture and baskets

wicker
/ˈwikər/

32

v. make (something) by forming material into a plait or plaits (intertwining three or more strands of flexible materia)

plait
/plāt/ 

33

adj.
1. easily bent; flexible
2. easily influenced

pliable teenage minds; pliable molding hair cream

pliable
/ˈplīəbəl/

34

v.
1. raise (something) by means of ropes and pulleys
2. raise or haul up

she hoisted her backpack onto her shoulder.

hoist
/hoist/

35

n.
1. a wheel with a grooved rim around which a cord passess, chiefly used (typically in combination) to raise heavy weights.
2. a wheel with a toothed rim around which the chain passes.

Hoist with a pulley.

pulley
/ˈpo͝olē/

36

n.
1. a tall upright post, spar, or other structure on a ship or boat, carrying a sail.
2. a similar structure on land, esp. a flagpole or a television or radio transmitter.

mast
/mast/

37

n.
1. a wheel attached to a pole, used for collecting current from an overhead electric wire to drive a streetcar or trolley bus
2. a luggage cart; a shopping cart; a small table on wheels

trolley
/ˈträlē/

38

n. an automatic device for stopping the flow of current in an electric circuit as a safety measure

circuit breaker
(or main breaker) 

39

n. Stiff untanned leather (used for drumhead, lampshade, dog's chew toy)

rawhide
/ˈrôˌhīd/

40

drumhead

41

n. a cover for a lamp, used to soften or direct its light

lampshade
/ˈlampˌSHād/

42

cleaver

(or meat cleaver)

43

n.
1. a rounded mass projecting above a surface; a small hill
2. raised mass of earth, stones, or other compacted material (as for burial and defense)
3. a small hill; a large pile of something

v.
1. heap up into a rounded pile
2. enclose, bound, or fortify with an embankment

hills that mound the sea. 

mound
/mound/

44

v.
1. scrape or brush the surface of (a shoe or other object) against something
2. mark (a surface) by scraping or brushing it, esp. with one's shoes
3. drag (one's feet or heels) when walking

I scuffed the heel of my shoe on a stone; the linoleum on the floor was scuffed

scuff
/skəf/

45

n. a device for stopping the flow of blood through an artery, typically by compressing a limb with a cord or tight bandage

tourniquet
/ˈtərnikit/

46

n. a dense group of bushes or trees

thicket
/ˈTHikit/

47

n. gray with a tinge of brown

a taupe overcoat

taupe
/tōp/

48

n. a reddish-brown color
v. (of smooth-skinned fruit) Develop a rough reddish-brown or yellowish-brown skin, or patches of such

a week of humid weather has russeted the pears.

russet
/ˈrəsət/

49

nib pen

50

n.
A disk or short cylinder fitting closely within a tube
-in which it moves up and down against a liquid or gas,
-used in an internal combustion engine to derive motion, or in a pump to impart motion

piston
/ˈpistn/

51

n.
1. a device consisting of a rubber cup on a long handle, used to clear blocked pipes by means of water pressure
2. a part of a device or mechanism that works with a plunging or thrusting movement

plunger
/ˈplənjər/

52

n. a slender threadlike appendage of a climbing plant, often growing in a spiral form, that stretches out and twines around any suitable support

tendril
/ˈtendrəl/

53

n. a lock of hair hanging in a corkscrew-shaped curl

ringlet
/ˈriNGlit/

54

n. a  bunch or collection of something, typically threads, grass, or hair, held or growing together at the base

tuft
/təft/

55

n.
1. cloud forming wispy filamentous tufted streaks (“mare's tails”) at high altitude, usually 16,500–45,000 feet (5–13 km)

cirrus
/ˈsirəs/

56

n.
1. a slender flexible limb or appendage esp around the mouth of an invertebrate, used for grasping, moving about, or bearing sense organs
2. (in a plant) A tendril or a sensitive glandular hair
3. an insidious spread of influence and control

the Party's tentacles reached into every nook and cranny of people's live

tentacle
/ˈtentəkəl/

57

a) the distinct, typically broader section at the head of a pillar or column

b) a column, esp. the main part between the base and capital

Column:

capital, shaft, base

58

a) horizontal, continuous lintel on a classical building supported by columns

b) (a main beam) the lowerer third entablature; the molded frame around a doorway or window or the exterior or an arch

c) broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, esp. on a wall near the ceiling

d) a horizontal molded projection crowning a building or structure, surmounting the frieze

Entablature:
architrave, molding, frieze, cornice

59

a) the triangular upper part of the front of a building in classical style

b): sloping molded frame on upper pediment, below the roof line

c): the part of a wall at the end of a pitched roof, occupying the space between the two slopes of the roof.

pediment:
raking cornice, gable

60

a) (n) spiral scroll-like ornament  (adj) forming a spiral curve or curves

b) (n) an ornamental vertical groove in a column; (v) make flutes or grooves in

c) (n) a small band between the flutes of a column; a plain or decorated line impressed on the cover of a book

volute, flute, fillet

61

n. a horizontal support (header) of timber, stone, concrete, or steel across the top of a door or window

intel
/ˈlintl/

62

(plural n) the part of a roof that meets or overhangs the walls of a building 屋簷

eaves
/ēvz/

63

n.
1. a long, narrow part or section forming the handle of a tool or club
2. a long cylindrical rotating rod for the transmission of motive power in a machine

 

shaft1
/SHaft/

64

3. a long, narrow, typically vertical hole that gives access to a mine, accommodates an elevator in a building, or provides ventilation
 

shaft2
/SHaft/

65

(v) (of light) shine in beams
> brilliant sunshine shafted through the skylight

(n) 1. a ray of light or bolt of lightning; 2. a sudden flash of a quality or feeling
> a shaft of sunlight; a shaft of inspiration

 

shaft3
/SHaft/