Vocabulary>Commonly Tested Words>A-D Flashcards Preview

Miller Analogies Test > Vocabulary>Commonly Tested Words>A-D > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary>Commonly Tested Words>A-D Deck (98):
1

abaft

adv.--on or toward the rear of a ship

syn.--astern, posterior, hind

2

abdicate

v.--to reject, denounce, or abandon

syn.--disown, reject, renounce, give up, refuse, relinquish, repudiate, abandon, turn one's back on, wash one's hands of, forgo, waive

3

abjure

v.--to renounce upon oath

syn.--renounce, relinquish, reject, forgo, disavow, abandon, deny, repudiate, give up, wash one's hands of; eschew, abstain from, refrain from

4

abnegation

n.--a denial

syn.--renunciation, rejection, refusal, abandonment, abdication, surrender, relinquishment, repudiation, denial

5

abscond

v.--to go away hastily or secretly often with the intention to hide; to avoid capture by the authorities

6

abstemious

adj.--1. sparing in diet; 2. sparingly used

syn.--self-denying, temperate, abstinent, moderate, self-disciplined, restrained, self-restrained, sober, austere, ascetic, puritanical, spartan, hair-shirt

7

abysmal

adj.--bottomless; extraordinarily bad

syn.--dreadful, awful, terrible, frightful, atrocious, disgraceful, deplorable, shameful, hopeless, lamentable; rotten, appalling, crummy, pathetic, pitiful, woeful, useless, lousy, dire

8

acerbity

n.--harshness or bitterness

syn.--acidity, asperity, astringency, mordancy, sourness, tartness

9

acrimony

n.--sharpness

syn.--bitterness, anger, rancor, resentment, ill feeling, ill will, bad blood, animosity, hostility, enmity, antagonism, waspishness, spleen, malice, spite, spitefulness, peevishness, venom

10

addle

adj.--confused

syn.--muddled, muzzy, fuddled, befuddled, dazed, disoriented, disorientated, fuzzy

11

adjure

v.--to entreat earnestly and solemnly

syn.--asseverate, authenticate, implore, importune, petition

12

adulation

n.--praise in excess

syn.--worship, idolization, adoration, admiration, veneration, awe, devotion, glorification, praise, flattery, blandishments

13

adulterate

v.--to corrupt, debase, or make impure

syn.--degrade, debase, spoil, taint, contaminate; doctor, tamper with, dilute, water down, weaken; bastardize, corrupt

14

agrarian

adj.--relating to land and the equal divisions of land

syn.--agricultural, rural, rustic, pastoral, countryside, farming

15

alchemy

n.--any imaginary power of transmitting one thing into another

syn.--chemistry; magic, sorcery, witchcraft

16

allegory

n.--symbolic narration or description

syn.--parable, analogy, metaphor, symbol, emblem

17

anachronism

n.--representation of something existing at other than its proper time

syn.--chronological error, metachronism, misdate, misplacement, postdate, prolepsis, solecism

18

annihilate

v.--to reduce to nothing

syn.--destroy, wipe out, obliterate, wipe off the face of the earth; eliminate, liquidate, defeat

19

apocalyptic

adj.--pertaining to revelation or prophecy

syn.--doomsday, doom-laden, ominous, portentous; catastrophic, momentous

20

arrogate

v.--to claim or demand unduly

syn.--assume, take, claim, appropriate, seize, expropriate, wrest, usurp, commandeer

21

artifice

n.--skill; ingenuity; craft; deception; trickery

syn.--deceit, deception, duplicity, guile, cunning, artfulness, wiliness, slyness, chicanery; fraud, fraudulence

22

askance

adv.--1. sideways; 2. with suspicion

syn.--skeptically, cynically, mistrustfully, distrustfully, doubtfully, dubiously; disapprovingly, contemptuously, scornfully, disdainfully

23

assay

n.--the determination of any quantity of a metal in an ore or alloy

syn.--evaluation, assessment, appraisal, analysis, examination, test/tests, testing, inspection, scrutiny

24

attenuate

v.--1. to make thin or slender; 2. to lessen or weaken

syn.--1. slender, narrow, slim, skinny, spindly, bony; rare; 2. reduced, lessened, decreased, diminished, impaired

25

avarice

n.--inordinate desire of gaining and possessing wealth

syn.--greed, greediness, acquisitiveness, cupidity, covetousness, rapacity, materialism

26

batten

v.--to fix in place

syn.--fasten, secure, clamp (down), lash, make fast, nail (down), seal

27

beholden

adj.--obliged; indebted

syn.--obligated, under an obligation, grateful, owing a debt of gratitude

28

bellicose

adj.--warlike; disposed to quarrel or fight

syn.--belligerent, aggressive, hostile, warlike, warmongering, hawkish, antagonistic, pugnacious, truculent, confrontational, contentious, militant, combative

29

besmirch

v.--to soil or discolor

syn.--sully, tarnish, blacken, drag through the mud/mire, stain, taint, smear, disgrace, dishonor, bring discredit to, damage, debase, ruin, slander, malign, defame

30

bestial

adj.--having the qualities of a beast

syn.--savage, brutish, brutal, barbarous, barbaric, cruel, vicious, violent, inhuman, subhuman; depraved, degenerate, perverted, debauched, immoral, warped

31

betroth

v.--to promise or pledge in marriage

syn.--engagement, pledge

32

blighted

adj.--destroyed; frustrated

syn.--ruin, wreck, spoil, mar, frustrate, disrupt, undo, end, scotch, shatter, devastate, demolish, foul up, stymie

33

bode

v.--to foreshadow something

syn.--augur, portend, herald, be a sign of, warn of, be an omen of, presage, indicate, signify, promise, threaten, spell, denote, foretell, prophesy, predict

34

boorish

adj.--rude; ill-mannered

syn.--coarse, uncouth, rude, ill-bred, uncivilized, unrefined, rough, thuggish, loutish, oafish, lubberly, vulgar, unsavory, gross, brutish, Neanderthal

35

brindled

adj.--streaked or spotted with a darker color

syn.--brownish, brown; dappled, streaked, mottled, speckled, flecked, marbled

36

broach

v.--1. to pierce; 2. to introduce into conversation

syn.--1. puncture, tap; open, uncork; 2. bring up, raise, introduce, talk about, mention, touch on, air

37

bucolic

adj.--pastoral

syn.--rustic, rural, pastoral, country, countryside

38

burlesque

v.--to imitate comically

syn.--parody, caricature, satire, lampoon, skit, farce, takeoff, spoof

39

cadaver

n.--a dead body

syn.--corpse, remains, carcass

40

caliber

n.--1. the diameter of a bullet or shell; 2. quality

syn.--1. bore, gauge; 2. merit, distinction, stature, excellence, preeminence; ability, expertise, talent, capability, capacity, proficiency

41

callow

adj.--immature

syn.--inexperienced, juvenile, adolescent, naive, green, raw, untried, unworldly, unsophisticated

42

calumny

n.--slander

syn.--defamation (of character), character assassination, libel, vilification, obloquy, verbal abuse

43

canard

n.--a false statement or rumor

syn.--dishonesty, dissimulation, erroneousness, fabrication, fakery, fallaciousness, prevarication, untruism, untruth, untruthfulness

44

candid

adj.--open; frank; honest

syn.--outspoken, forthright, blunt, truthful, sincere, direct, plain-spoken, straightforward, ingenuous, bluff

45

carnage

n.--slaughter

syn.--massacre, mass murder, butchery, bloodbath, bloodletting, gore

46

carte blanche

n.--unlimited power to decide

syn.--free rein, a free hand, a blank check

47

castigate

v.--to chastise

syn.--reprimand, rebuke, admonish, chastise, chide, censure, upbraid, reprove, reproach, scold, berate, take to task, lambaste

48

cataclysm

n.--1. an overflowing of water; 2. an extraordinary change

syn.--2. disaster, catastrophe, calamity, tragedy, devastation, holocaust, ruin, ruination, upheaval, convulsion, apocalypse, act of God

49

catharsis

n.--purgation

syn.--emotional release, relief, release, venting, purging, purification, cleansing

50

cavil

v.--to find fault without good reason

syn.--quibble, carp

51

celibate

adj.--unmarried, single; chaste

syn.--unwed, spouseless, virginal, virgin, maidenly, maiden, intact, abstinent, self-denying

52

cessation

n.--a ceasing; a stop

syn.--end, ending, termination, stopping, halting, finish, finishing, stoppage, conclusion, winding up, discontinuation, abandonment, suspension, breaking off, cutting short

53

chafe

v.--1. to rage; to fret; 2. to rub so much that the skin or the feelings are raw and irritated

syn.--1. be angry, be annoyed, be irritated, fume, be exasperated, be frustrated; 2. abrade, graze, rub against, gall, scrape, scratch

54

chaffing

n.--1. banter; 2. teasing

syn.--repartee, ragging, joking, jesting, raillery, badinage, wisecracks, witticism(s)

55

chaste

adj.--virtuous; free from obscenity

syn.--virginal, virgin, intact, maidenly, unmarried, unwed; celibate, abstinent, self-restrained, self-denying, innocent, pure, sinless, undefiled, unsullied, immaculate, nonsexual

56

choleric

adj.--easily irritated; angry

syn.--bad-tempered, irascible, irritable, grumpy, grouchy, crotchety, testy, cranky, cantankerous, curmudgeonly, ill-tempered, peevish, cross, fractious, crabby, waspish, prickly, peppery, touchy, short-tempered, snappish, short-fused, ornery

57

circumvent

v.--to go around

syn.--avoid, get around, get past, evade, bypass, sidestep, dodge

58

clandestine

adj.--secret; private; hidden

syn.--covert, furtive, surreptitious, stealthy, closet, backstairs, backroom; hush-hush

59

cogent

adj.--urgent; compelling; convincing

syn.--forcible, inducing, puissant, weighty, well-grounded

60

cohort

n.--a group; a band

syn.--unit, force, corps, division, brigade, battalion, regiment, squadron, company, troop, contingent, legion, phalanx

61

collusion

n.--secret agreement for a fraudulent or illegal purpose

syn.--conspiracy, connivance, complicity, intrigue, plotting, secret understanding, collaboration, scheming

62

comport

v.--to agree; to accord

syn.--behave, conduct oneself

63

conclave

n.--any private meeting or closed assembly

syn.--meeting, gathering, assembly, conference, council, summit

64

connivance

n.--passive cooperation

syn.--collusion, complicity, collaboration, involvement, assistance, tacit consent, conspiracy, intrigue

65

consort

n.--1. a companion; v.--2. to be in harmony or agreement

syn.--1. partner, life partner, companion, mate; spouse, husband, wife, helpmate; 2. associate, keep company, mix, go around, spend time, socialize, fraternize, have dealings

66

contravene

v.--to go against; to oppose

syn.--conflict with, be in conflict with, be at odds with, be at variance with, run counter to

67

contusion

n.--a bruise; an injury where the skin is not broken

syn.--discoloration, injury

68

copious

adj.--abundant; in great quantities

syn.--plentiful, ample, profuse, full, extensive, generous, bumper, lavish, fulsome, liberal, overflowing, in abundance, many, numerous

69

covenant

n.--a binding and solemn agreement

syn.--contract, undertaking, commitment, guarantee, warrant, pledge, promise, bond, indenture, pact, deal, settlement, arrangement, understanding

70

coy

adj.--1. modest; bashful; 2. pretending shyness to attract

syn.--simpering, coquettish, flirtatious, kittenish; demure, shy, modest, reticent, diffident, self-effacing, shrinking, timid

71

crass

adj.--gross; thick; coarse

syn.--stupid, insensitive, mindless, thoughtless, ignorant, witless, oafish, boorish, asinine, graceless, tasteless, clumsy, heavy-handed, blundering

72

cursory

adj.--hasty; slight

syn.--perfunctory, desultory, casual, superficial, token; sketchy, half-done, incomplete, quick, hurried, rapid, brief, passing, fleeting

73

dally

v.--to delay; to put off

syn.--dawdle, loiter, linger, waste time; lag, trail, straggle, fall behind; amble, meander, drift

74

dauntless

adj.--fearless; not discouraged

syn.--determined, resolute, indomitable, intrepid, spirited, mettlesome; undaunted, undismayed, unflinching, unshrinking, bold, audacious, valiant, brave, courageous, daring

75

debonair

adj.--1. having an affable manner; courteous; 2. suave; urbane

syn.--sophisticated, cultured, self-possessed, self-assured, confident, charming, gracious, courteous, gallant, chivalrous, gentlemanly, refined, polished, well-bred, genteel, dignified, courtly; well-groomed, elegant, stylish, smart, dashing

76

decadence

n.--a decline in force or quality; moral decay

syn.--dissipation, degeneracy, debauchery, corruption, depravity, vice, sin, moral decay, immorality, immoderateness, intemperance, licentiousness, self-indulgence, hedonism

77

deciduous

adj.--falling off at a particular season or stage of growth

syn.--fugacious, fugitive, impermanent

78

decry

v.--to denounce or condemn openly

syn.--criticize, censure, attack, rail against, run down, pillory, lambaste, vilify, revile, disparage, deprecate

79

defunct

adj.--no longer living or existing

syn.--disused, unused, inoperative, nonfunctioning, unusable, obsolete, discontinued, extinct

80

deliquesce

v.--to melt away

syn.--liquefy, melt away, thaw

81

delusion

n.--act or process of deception

syn.--misapprehension, misconception, misunderstanding. mistake, error, misinterpretation, misconstruction, fallacy, illusion, fantasy

82

deposition

n.--1. a removal from a position of power; 2. a testimony

syn.--statement, affidavit, attestation, affirmation, assertion; allegation, declaration; testimony, evidence

83

depredation

n.--a plundering or laying waste

syn.--looting, pillaging, robbery; devastation, destruction, damage, rape; ravages, raids

84

descant

v.--to comment at length on a theme

syn.--comment, criticize, discussion

85

despoil

v.--to strip; to rob

syn.--plunder, pillage, rob, ravage, raid, ransack, rape, loot, sack; devastate, lay waste, ruin

86

despotism

n.--1. tyranny; 2. absolute power or influence

syn.--authoritarianism, autocracy, dictatorship

87

desultory

adj.--without order or natural connection

syn.--casual, cursory, superficial, token, perfunctory, half-hearted, random, aimless, erratic, unmethodical, unsystematic, chaotic, inconsistent, irregular, intermittent, sporadic

88

dexterous

adj.--having or showing skill of hands, body, or mind

syn.--deft, adept, adroit, agile, nimble, neat, handy, able, capable, skillful, skilled, proficient, expert, practiced, polished, efficient, effortless, professional, masterly

89

diffidence

n.--1. lack of self-confidence; 2. distrust

syn.--shyness, bashfulness, modesty, self-effacement, meekness, unassertiveness, timidity, humility, hesitancy, reticence, insecurity, self-doubt, uncertainty, self-consciousness

90

dilapidated

n.--falling to pieces or into disrepair

syn.--run-down, tumbledown, ramshackle, broken-down, shabby, battered, beat-up, rickety, shaky, unsound, crumbling, in ruins, ruined, decayed, decaying, decrepit, neglected

91

dilettante

n.--an admirer of the fine arts; a dabbler

syn.--amateur, nonprofessional, layman, layperson

92

dint

n.--a blow; a stroke

syn.--indentation, nick, cavity, con-cavity, crater, crenel

93

disarray

n.--1. disorder; confusion; 2. incomplete or disorderly attire

syn.--chaos, untidiness, disorganization, dishevelment, mess, muddle, clutter, jumble, tangle, shambles

94

divulge

v.--to make known

syn.--disclose, reveal, tell, communicate, pass on, publish, broadcast, proclaim; expose, uncover, make public

95

dormant

adj.--as if asleep

syn.--sleeping, resting; inactive, passive, inert, latent, quiescent

96

doting

adj.--excessively fond

syn.--adoring, loving, besotted, infatuated; affectionate, fond, devoted, caring, uxorious

97

doughty

adj.--brave; valiant

syn.--fearless, dauntless, determined, resolute, indomitable, intrepid, plucky, spirited, bold, stouthearted, courageous

98

dregs

n.--waste or worthless matter

syn.--residue, scum, refuse, riffraff, outcasts, underclass, untouchables