Vocabulary>Commonly Tested Words>J-Q Flashcards Preview

Miller Analogies Test > Vocabulary>Commonly Tested Words>J-Q > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary>Commonly Tested Words>J-Q Deck (95):
1

jettison

n.--a throwing overboard of goods to lighten a vehicle in an emergency

syn.--dump, drop, ditch, discharge, throw out, unload

2

jocund

adj.--merry; gay; cheerful

syn.--happy, jolly, merry, bright, glad, sunny, joyful, joyous, lighthearted, sparkling, bubbly, exuberant, buoyant, ebullient, elated, gleeful

3

lacerate

v.--1. to tear or mangle; 2. to wound or hurt

syn.--gash, slash, tear, rip, rend, shred, score, scratch, scrape, graze, wound, injure, hurt

4

lambent

adj.--giving off a soft radiance

syn.--flickering, fluttering, incandescent, twinkling, dancing, radiant, brilliant

5

lassitude

n.--a state or feeling of being tired or weak

syn.--lethargy, listlessness, weariness, languor, sluggishness, tiredness, fatigue, torpor, lifelessness, apathy

6

lewd

adj.--lustful; wicked

syn.--lecherous, licentious, lascivious, dirty, prurient, salacious, lubricious, libidinous; debauched, depraved, degenerate, decadent, dissipated, dissolute, perverted, wanton

7

libertine

n.--one who indulges his desires without restraint

syn.--philanderer, playboy, rake, lecher, seducer, womanizer, adulterer, debauchee, profligate, wanton

8

licentious

adj.--disregarding accepted rules and standards

syn.--dissolute, dissipated, debauched, degenerate, immoral, naughty, wanton, decadent, depraved, sinful, corrupt, lustful, lecherous, lascivious, libidinous, prurient, lubricious, lewd, promiscuous, lickerish

9

lithe

adj.--easily bent; pliable; marked by effortless grace

syn.--agile, graceful, supple, limber, lithesome, loose-limbed, nimble, deft, flexible, lissome, slender, slim, willowy

10

loquacious

adj.--talkative

syn.--voluble, communicative, expansive, garrulous, unreserved, chatty, gossipy, gossiping

11

lugubrious

adj.--mournful; very sad

syn.--gloomy, sad, unhappy, doleful, glum, melancholy, woeful, miserable, woebegone, forlorn, somber, solemn, serious, sorrowful, morose, dour, cheerless, joyless, dismal

12

lurid

adj.--ghastly pale; gloomy

syn.--bright, brilliant, vivid, glaring, shocking, fluorescent, flaming, dazzling, intense, gaudy, loud, showy, bold, garish, tacky

13

magnate

n.--a very influential person in any field of activity

syn.--tycoon, mogul, captain of industry, baron, lord, king, magnifico; industrialist, proprietor; informal, big shot, big cheese

14

malefactor

n.--one who commits a crime

syn.--wrongdoer, miscreant, offender, criminal, culprit, villain, lawbreaker, felon, evildoer, delinquent, hooligan, hoodlum; sinner, transgressor

15

malign

v.--to defame; speak evil of

syn.--harmful, evil, bad, baleful, hostile, inimical, destructive, malignant, injurious

16

marauder

n.--a rover in search of booty or plunder

syn.--raider, plunder, pillager, looter, robber, pirate, freebooter, bandit, highwayman, rustler

17

maudlin

adj.--foolishly and tearfully sentimental

syn.--emotional, overemotional, tearful, lachrymose

18

mendacious

adj.--addicted to deception

syn.--lying, untruthful, dishonest, deceitful, false, dissembling, insincere, disingenuous, hypocritical, fraudulent

19

mercurial

adj.--quick, volatile; changeable

syn.--capricious, temperamental, excitable, fickle, changeable, unpredictable, variable, protean, mutable, erratic, quicksilver, inconstant, inconsistent, unstable, unsteady, fluctuating, ever-changing, moody, flighty

20

meretricious

adj.--alluring by false, showy charms; fleshy

syn.--worthless, valueless, cheap, tawdry, trashy, Brummagem, tasteless, kitsch, kitschy

21

mettle

n.--high quality of character

syn.--spirit, fortitude, strength of character, moral fiber, steel, determination, resolve, resolution, backbone, grit, true grit, courage, courageousness, bravery, valor, fearlessness, daring

22

mien

n.--manner; external appearance

syn.--look, expression, countenance, aura, demeanor, attitude, air, manner, bearing

23

misanthropy

n.--hatred of mankind

syn.--cynic, recluse, hermit

24

mite

n.--1. very small sum of money; 2. very small creature

syn.--1. morsel, portion, pinch, smidgen; 2. acarid, atom, molecule, mote, nit

25

modulate

v.--1. to regulate or adjust; 2. to vary the pitch of the voice

syn.--1. adjust, set, modify, moderate; 2. adjust, change the tone of, temper, soften

26

mollify

v.--to soften; to make less intense

syn.--appease, placate, pacify, conciliate, soothe, calm

27

moot

adj.--subject to or open for discussion or debate

syn.--debatable, arguable, questionable, at issue, disputable, controversial, contentious, disputed, unresolved, unsettled

28

mordant

adj.--biting, cutting, or caustic

syn.--trenchant, biting, acerbic, sardonic, sarcastic, scathing, acid, sharp, keen; critical, bitter, virulent, vitriolic

29

mutinous

adj.--inclined to revolt

syn.--rebellious, insubordinate, subversive, seditious, insurgent, insurrectionary, rebel, riotous

30

nefarious

adj.--very wicked; abominable

syn.--evil, sinful, iniquitous, egregious, heinous, atrocious, vile, foul, odious, depraved, monstrous, fiendish, diabolical, unspeakable, despicable, villainous, criminal, corrupt, illegal, unlawful

31

nemesis

n.--just punishment; retribution; one that inflicts relentless vengeance

syn.--retribution, vengeance, punishment, just deserts, fate, destiny

32

nexus

n.--a connection

syn.--center, core, link

33

nostrum

n.--a quack medicine

syn.--potion, elixir, panacea, cure-all, wonder drug, quack remedy

34

noxious

adj.--harmful to health or morals

syn.--poisonous, deadly, dangerous, pernicious, damaging, destructive, unpleasant, nasty, disgusting, awful, dreadful, horrible, vile, revolting, foul, nauseating, appalling, offensive, malodorous, fetid, putrid

35

nugatory

adj.--trifling; futile; insignificant

syn.--useless, vain, unavailing, null, invalid

36

obeisance

n.--a gesture of respect or reverence

syn.--bow, curtsy, bob, genuflection

37

obfuscate

v.--to darken; to confuse

syn.--obscure, confuse, make unclear, blur, muddle, complicate, muddy, cloud, befog

38

objurgate

v.--to chide vehemently

syn.--upbraid, berate, reprimand, reprove, rebuke, admonish, censure, lambaste, lecture

39

obloquy

n.--verbal abuse of a person or thing

syn.--insult, be rude to, swear at, curse, taunt, revile, bawl out, vilify, slander

40

otrude

v.--to thrust forward; to eject

syn.--bail out, escape, get out

41

odious

adj.--hateful; disgusting

syn.--revolting, repulsive, repellent, repugnant, offensive, objectionable, vile, foul, abhorrent, appalling, reprehensible, deplorable, insufferable, intolerable, despicable, contemptible, unspeakable, atrocious, dreadful, frightful, obnoxious, unsavory, unpalatable, unpleasant, disagreeable, nasty

42

oligarchy

n.--form of government in which the supreme power is placed in the hands of a small exclusive group

syn.--absolutism, authoritarianism, autocracy, despotism, fascism, high-handedness, imperiousness, totalitarianism, totality, unreasonableness

43

opalescent

adj.--iridescent

syn.--prismatic, kaleidoscopic, multicolored, many-hued, lustrous, shimmering, glittering, sparkling, variegated, scintillating, shot, milky, pearly

44

opprobrious

adj.--reproachful or contemptuous

syn.--abusive, vituperative, derogatory, disparaging, pejorative, deprecatory, insulting, offensive, defamatory, vitriolic, libelous, venomous, scornful, contemptuous, derisive

45

palatial

adj.--large and ornate, like a palace

syn.--luxurious, deluxe, magnificent, sumptuous, splendid, grand, opulent, lavish, stately, regal, fancy, upscale

46

palindrome

n.--a word, verse or sentence that is the same when read backward or forward

Example: racecar

47

paltry

adj.--worthless; trifling

syn.--small, meager, trifling, insignificant, negligible, inadequate, insufficient, derisory, pitiful, pathetic, miserable, beggarly

48

pandemonium

n.--a place of wild disorder, noise, or confusion

syn.--bedlam, chaos, mayhem, uproar, turmoil, tumult, commotion, confusion, anarchy, furor, hubbub, rumpus

49

parapet

n.--a wall or railing to protect people from falling

syn.--balustrade, barricade, rampart, bulwark, bank, embankment, fortification, defense

50

pariah

n.--an outcast; someone despised by others

syn.--outcast, persona non grata, black sheep, leper, undesirable

51

parity

n.--state of being the same in power, value, or rank

syn.--equality, equivalence, uniformity, consistency, correspondence, congruity, levelness, unity, coequality

52

parley

v.--to speak with another; to discourse

syn.--conference, summit, discussion, powwow

53

parry

v.--to ward off; to avoid

syn.--fend off, deflect, hold off, block, counter, repel, repulse

54

parsimonious

adj.--miserly; stingy

syn.--cheap, miserly, mean, close-fisted, close, penny-pinching, ungenerous

55

paucity

n.--scarcity; small number

syn.--scarcity, sparseness, dearth, shortage, poverty, insufficiency, deficiency, lack, want

56

peculate

v.--to embezzle

syn.--misappropriate, steal, thieve, pilfer, purloin, appropriate, pocket, abstract

57

pecuniary

adj.--relating to money

syn.--financial, monetary, money, fiscal, economic

58

pellucid

adj.--transparent

syn.--translucent, clear, crystal clear, crystalline, glassy, limpid, unclouded

59

penury

n.--lack of money or property

syn.--extreme poverty, destitution, pennilessness, impecuniousness, impoverishment, indigence, pauperism, privation, beggary

60

perdition

n.--complete and irreparable loss

syn.--damnation, eternal punishment, doom

61

peremptory

adj.--1. barring future action; 2. that cannot be denied, changed, etc.

syn.--irreversible, binding, absolute, final, conclusive, decisive, definitive, categorical, irrefutable, incontrovertible

62

perfidious

adj.--violating good faith or vows

syn.--treacherous, duplicitous, deceitful, disloyal, faithless, unfaithful, traitorous, treasonous, false, untrustworthy

63

perquisite

n.--a fee, profit, etc., in addition to the stated income of one's employment

syn.--perk, fringe benefit, additional benefit, benefit, advantage, bonus

64

peruse

v.--to read carefully and thoroughly

syn.--study, scrutinize, inspect, examine, wade through, look through; browse through, leaf through, scan

65

pied

adj.--spotted

syn.--multicolored, variegated, black and white, brown and white, piebald, skewbald, dappled, brindle, spotted, mottled, speckled, flecked

66

pinioned

adj.--1. having wings; 2. having wings or arms bound or confined

syn.--hold down, pin down, restrain, hold fast, immobilize, tie, bind, truss (up), shackle, fetter, hobble, manacle, handcuff

67

platonic

adj.--1. idealistic or impractical; 2. not amorous or sensual

syn.--nonsexual, nonphysical, chaste, intellectual, friendly

68

plenary

adj.--full; entire; complete

syn.--unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted, unqualified, absolute, sweeping, comprehensive, plenipotentiary

69

plethora

n.--the state of being too full; excess

syn.--overabundance, superabundance, surplus, glut, superfluity, surfeit, profusion

70

portend

v.--to foreshadow

syn.--presage, augur, foreshadow, foretell, prophesy, indicate, herald, signal, bode, promise, threaten, signify, spell, denote

71

potable

adj.--drinkable

syn.--palatable, fit to drink, pure, clean, safe, unpolluted, untainted, uncontaminated

72

prate

v.--to talk much and foolishly

syn.--babble, gab, gabble, jabber, tattle

73

precept

n.--a rule or direction of moral conduct

syn.--principle, rule, tenet, canon, doctrine, command, order, decree, dictate, dictum, injunction, commandment

74

precocious

adj.--developed or matured earlier than usual

syn.--advanced for one's age, forward, mature, gifted, talented, clever, intelligent, quick

75

prefatory

adj.--introductory

syn.--preliminary, opening, initial, preparatory, initiatory, precursory

76

preponderate

v.--to outweigh

syn.--dominate, dictate, command, domineer, control

77

prerogative

n.--a prior or exclusive right or privilege

syn.--predominate, prevail, dominate, reign

78

prevaricate

v.--to evade the truth

syn.--hedge, fence, shilly-shally, dodge (the issue), sidestep (the issue), equivocate, waffle

79

prognosis

n.--a forecast, especially in medicine

syn.--prediction, prognostication, prophecy, divination, augury

80

prolific

adj.--fruitful

syn.--plentiful, abundant, bountiful, profuse, copious, luxuriant, rich, lush, fecund

81

propagate

v.--to reproduce or multiply

syn.--breed, grow, cultivate

82

propitiate

v.--to win the good will of

syn.--appease, placate, mollify, pacify, make peace with, conciliate, soothe, calm

83

protocol

n.--an original draft or record of a document

syn.--agreement, treaty, entente, concordat, convention, deal, pact, contract, compact

84

provident

adj.--prudent; economical

syn.--farsighted, judicious, shrewd, circumspect, forearmed, wise, sagacious, sensible, thrifty, economical

85

proviso

n.--conditional stipulation to an agreement

syn.--provision, clause, rider, qualification, restriction, caveat

86

pseudonym

n.--a borrowed or fictitious name

syn.--pen name, nom de plume, assumed name, false name, alias, professional name, sobriquet, stage name, nom de guerre

87

puerile

adj.--childish; immature

syn.--infantile, juvenile, babyish, inane, fatuous, jejune, asinine, foolish, petty

88

purloin

v.--to steal

syn.--thieve, rob, take, snatch, pilfer, loot, appropriate

89

purview

n.--the range of control, activity, or understanding

syn.--amplitude, confines, diapason, extensity, parameters, radius, scope

90

quaff

v.--to drink or swallow in large quantities

syn.--gulp (down), guzzle, slurp, down, empty, imbibe, partake of, consume, swig, swill, slug, knock back, toss off, chug

91

quagmire

n.--a difficult position, as if on shaky ground

syn.--muddle, mix-up, mess, predicament, mare's nest, can of worms, quandary, tangle, imbroglio, trouble, confusion, difficulty

92

qualm

n.--sudden feeling of uneasiness or doubt

syn.--misgivings, doubts, reservations, second thoughts, worries, concerns, anxiety, hesitation, hesitance, hesitancy, demur, reluctance, disinclination, apprehension, trepidation, unease, scruples, remorse

93

quintessence

n.--1. the ultimate substance; 2. the pure essence of anything

syn.--perfect example, exemplar, prototype, stereotype, picture, epitome, embodiment, ideal, apotheosis

94

quixotic

adj.--extravagantly chivalrous

syn.--idealistic, romantic, visionary, extravagant, starry-eyed, unrealistic, unworldly

95

quizzical

adj.--1. odd; comical; 2. suggesting puzzlement; questioning

syn.--inquiring, questioning, curious, puzzled, perplexed, baffled, mystified, amused, mocking, teasing