Vocabulary Homework #4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary Homework #4 Deck (31):
1

Arpeggio

An arpeggio is a type of broken chord. Arpeggios can rise or fall for more than one octave. Other types of broken chords play chord notes out of sequence or more than one note but less than the full chord simultaneously.

2

Diatonic

(of a scale, interval, etc.) involving only notes proper to the prevailing key without chromatic alteration. (of a melody or harmony) constructed from a diatonic scale.

3

Parallel Minor

In relation to its’ major, the parallel minor has the SAME TONIC but different key signature. When speaking of relative minors in relation to their relative major key, they have different tonics but the SAME KEY SIGNATURES.

4

Rubato

This means: stolen/robbed tempo. It refers to the expressive and rhythmic freedom by a slight speeding up and then slowing down of the tempo of a piece.

5

D. S. al Fine

When this instruction is seen on a piece of music, the musician is supposed to go back to the sign (notated by the fact that it says "D.S.") and then finish the piece when "Fine" is dictated in the music.

6

D.S. al Coda

When this instruction is seen on a piece of music, the musician is supposed to go back to the sign (notated by the fact that it says "D.S.") and then go to the coda when "Coda" is dictated in the music, or the sign for coda is indicated.

7

D.C. al Fine

When this instruction is seen on a piece of music, the musician is supposed to go back to the beginning (notated by the fact that it says "D.C.") and then finish the piece when "Fine" is dictated in the music.

8

D.C. al Coda

When this instruction is seen on a piece of music, the musician is supposed to go back to the beginning (notated by the fact that it says "D.C.") and then finish the piece when "Fine" is dictated in the music.

9

Stringendo

It means “to draw tight.” Played with an increasing tempo. This is used as a direction.

10

Vivace

This is a direction that implies playing in a brisk and/or lively manner.

11

Subdominant

This signifies the fourth note of the diatonic scale in any key.

12

Dominant

This is the fifth scale degree of the diatonic scale in any key.

13

Dolce

Indicates to the performer that the music should be executed softly and sweetly.

14

Compound Meter (3/8, 6/8, 9/8, 12/8)

Meters written with a time signature that shows the number of divisions of beats in each measure instead of the number of beats.

15

Syncopation

Temporary displacing the regular metrical accent in music caused typically by stressing the weak beat.

16

Morendo

This indicates a decrease in volume or tempo. It often affects both; and makes the sound slowly die away.

17

L’istesso

Indicates that the beat should remain constant when the meter changes.

18

What are the 7 basic triad spellings

a triad is a set of three notes that can be stacked in thirds. Seven Spellings:
ACE, BDF, CEG, DFA, EGB, FAC, GBD.

19

Overture

Translates to “opening.” This is an orchestral piece at the beginning of an opera, suite, play, oratorio, or other extended composition that introduces the themes of the show.

20

Entr’acte

This means a dance, piece of music, interval or interlude performed between two acts of a play or opera.

21

Attacca

This is a musical direction for a performer to begin the next movement (or section) of a composition immediately and without pausing.

22

Chromatic Scale

The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches. In which each is a semitone above or below another.

23

Sotto Voce

This means to intentionally lower the volume of one's voice for emphasis.

24

System (in music notation)

A single vertical line drawn to the left of multiple staves creates a system. This indicates that the music on all the staves is to be played simultaneously.

25

Triplet

This is a group of three notes played inside another note-length. This a portion of musical time that has been split rhythmically into three equal parts.

26

Bass Clef

a clef placing F below middle C on the second-highest line of the staff. Usually used for the male voice part in singing and typically the left hand in piano.

27

Treble Clef

a clef placing G above middle C on the second-lowest line of the staff. Typically the women’s voice part in singing and the right hand in piano.

28

Sitzprobe

Sitzprobe is a German term used in opera and musical theatre to describe a seated rehearsal—the literal translation of Sitzprobe—where the singers sing with the orchestra, focusing attention on integrating the two groups. It is often the first rehearsal where the orchestra and singers rehearse together.

29

Wandelprobe

A rehearsal used in opera and musical theatre where actors, when the orchestra, and blocking that was given all come together for the first time. Used most often in repertory opera. Essentially, a sitzprobe with movement, not sitting down.

30

Tacet

It is a musical term to indicate that an instrument or voice does not make any sound.

31

What are the three main articulators in singing and Speech?

The lips, teeth and tongue.