Vocabulary List 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary List 3 Deck (201):
1

Define the following:

Privation

(1 noun)

n. a state in which necessities are extremely lacking, divulged

2

Define the following:

Cant

(1 verb)

v. talk hypocritically and sanctimoniously about something

3

Define the following:

Purport

(1 verb, 1 noun)

v. appear or claim to be something, especially spuriously

n. the purpose or intent of something

4

Define the following:

Vassal

(1 noun)

n. a person or country in a subordinate position to another

5

Define the following:

Lapidary

(2 adjectives)

adj. elegant and pithy (a lapidary epigram)

adj. relating to precious gems and the work involved such as cutting, engraving, or polishing

6

Define the following:

Repast

(1 noun)

adj. a meal

7

Define the following:

Tarry

(1 verb)

v. stay longer than intended, delay leaving a place

8

Define the following:

Pall

(1 noun, 1 verb)

n. a dark cloud or covering of smoke, dust, or similar matter

v. become less appealing or interesting due to familiarity

9

Define the following:

Victual

(1 noun, 1 verb)

n. food prepared for consumption

v. supply with food

10

Define the following:

Intermittent

(1 adjective)

adj. occurring at irregular intervals, sporadic

11

Define the following:

Imbibe

(1 verb)

v. absorb or assimilate (knowledge or ideas)

12

Define the following:

McGuffin

(1 noun)

n. an object or device in a book made merely to trigger a plot

13

Define the following:

Embankment

(2 nouns)

n. a wall or bank of earth or stone used to elevate a road or railroad above an area of low ground

n. a wall or bank of earth or stone used to prevent a river flooding an area

14

Define the following:

Keen

(1 verb, 2 adjectives)

v. make an eerie wailing sound
adj. (of the air or wind) extremely cold; biting
adj. (of a smell, light, or sound) clear; penetrating

15

Define the following:

Batty

(1 adjective)

adj. crazy, insane, daft

16

Define the following:

Careen

(1 verb)

v. move swiftly and uncontrollably in a specific direction

17

Define the following:

Wan

(2 adjectives)

adj. pale and giving off the impression of illness or exhaustion

adj. (of a smile) weak; strained

18

Define the following:

Spurn

(1 verb)

v. reject with contempt or disdain

19

Define the following:

Cradle-robber

(1 noun)

n. someone who marries or has a sexual relationship with a much younger person

20

Define the following:

Wedlock

(1 noun)

n. the state of being married (pregnant out of wedlock)

21

Define the following:

Expenditure

(2 nouns)

n. the action of spending money

n. an amount of money spent

22

Define the following:

Slog

(2 verbs, 1 noun)

v. work hard over a period of time

v. (with adverbial or direction) walk or move with difficulty or effort (slogged through the mud)

n. (a slog) a spell of tiring, hard work or travel

23

Define the following:

Ministrations (usu. ministrations)

(1 noun)

n. the providing of assistance or care (made spotless by the ministrations of the maid)

24

Define the following:

Slight

(1 adjective, 2 verbs, 1 noun)

adj. not sturdy or strong in build (she was slight and delicate-looking)

v. to raze a fortification

v. to insult by showing a paucity of proper respect

n. an insult of such a nature

25

Define the following:

Privy

(2 adjective)

adj. sharing the knowledge of (something secret); privy to

adj. hidden; secret

26

Define the following:

Sanction

(2 nouns, 2 verbs)

n. a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule

n. official permission or permission to do something

v. give official permission to do something

v. to place a sanction or penalty on

27

Define the following:

Tableau

(1 noun)

n. a group of models of motionless figures frozen representing a scene from a story or history

28

Define the following:

Macabre

(1 adjective)

adj. disturbing or horrifying because of its involvement of depiction of death or injury

29

Define the following:

Conflagration

(1 noun)

n. an extensive fire that destroys a large portion of land and property

30

Define the following:

Allay

(2 verbs)

v. diminish or put to rest (fear, suspicion, or worry)

v. to relieve or alleviate (pain or hunger)

31

Define the following:

Stipple

(1 verb)

v. mark a surface with numerous small dots or specks

32

Define the following:

Malaprop

(1 noun)

n. the accidental misuse of a word or phrase for a similar-sounding one, often unintentionally with humorous effects

33

Define the following:

Portmanteau

(1 noun)

n. a new word made by combining two words, such as RariShy

34

Define the following:

Droll

(1 adjective)

adj. curious or unusual in a way that provokes dry amusement (his unique brand of droll mockery)

35

Define the following:

Goodly

(2 adjectives)

adj. considerable in size or quantity

adj. attractive, excellent, or admirable

36

Define the following:

Mien

(1 noun)

n. a person's look or manner, especially a particular kind indicating character or mood

37

Define the following:

Berth

(1 noun, 1 verb)

n. a bed or bunk on a train, ship, or other transportation vehicle

v. moor a ship to its allotted spot

38

Define the following:

Thrall (in thrall to)

(1 noun)

n. the state of being in something's power

39

Define the following:

Pique

(1 noun, 1 verb)

n. a feeling of anger or irritation

v. to feel irritated or angry

40

Define the following:

Languor

(2 nouns)

n. the state or feeling of, often pleasant, lassitude or inertia

n. an oppressive stillness of the air

41

Define the following:

Comportment

(1 noun)

n. behavior, mien; bearing

42

Define the following:

Spendthrift

(1 noun)

n. a person who spends money lavishly and prodigally

43

Define the following:

Amalgam

(1 noun)

n. a mixture or blend

44

Define the following:

Retinue

(1 noun)

n. a group of advisors or assistants; people accompanying an important person

45

Define the following:

Epigone

(1 noun)

n. a less remarkable follower or imitator of someone, especially an artist or philosopher

46

Define the following:

Bibliophile

(1 noun)

n. a person who collects or has a great love for books

47

Define the following:

Narcissist

(1 noun)

n. one with excessive or erotic interest in their own physical appearance

48

Define the following:

Deferment

(1 noun)

n. the action or fact of putting something off for a later time

49

Define the following:

Footnote

(1 noun)

n. a thing that is additional or less important

50

Define the following:

Subsidiary

(1 noun)

adj. less important but related or supplementary to

51

Define the following:

Opiate

(1 noun)

n. a thing that soothes or stupefies

52

Define the following:

Mogul

(1 noun)

n. an important or powerful person, especially in the motion picture or media industry

53

Define the following:

Stagnate

(2 verbs)

v. become stymied, cease development and progress; turn prosaic and myriad

v. (of water or air) cease to flow or move

54

Define the following:

Ruddy

(1 adjective)

adj. having a reddish color, erubescent

55

Define the following:

Accost

(1 verb)

v. approach and address someone boldly and aggressively

56

Define the following:

Frowzy

(1 adjective)

adj. sordid and neglected in appearance

57

Define the following:

Interminable

(1 adjective)

adj. endless

58

Define the following:

Lout

(1 noun)

n. an uncouth man or boy

59

Define the following:

Heresy

(1 noun)

n. a heretical belief that opposes canonical principles

60

Define the following:

Polysyllabic

(1 adjective)

adj. words containing many syllables

61

Define the following:

Jargon

(2 nouns)

n. vernacular particular to a certain profession or group

n. a form of language regarded as barbarous, debased, hybrid

62

Define the following:

Pneumatic

(2 adjectives)

adj. related to spirits

adj. containing or operated by gas or pressure

63

Define the following:

Vapid

(1 adjective)

adj. offering nothing entertaining or challenging

64

Define the following

Aquiline

(2 adjectives)

adj. like an eagle

adj. (of a person's nose) curved like an eagle's beak

65

Define the following:

Dingy

(1 adjective)

adj. gloomy and drab

66

Define the following:

Caricature

(1 noun)

n. an imitation of something in which certain traits are exaggerate to create a comic or burlesque effect

67

Define the following:

Jeer

(1 verb)

v. make rude or mocking remarks, usually in a loud voice

68

Define the following:

Statutory

(1 adjective)

adj. required, permitted, or enacted by statute

69

Define the following:

Calisthenics

(1 noun)

n. exercise to achieve bodily fitness and grace of movement

70

Define the following:

Tenor

(2 nouns)

n. (the tenor of) the general meaning, the purport, the gist of something

n. (the tenor of) the settling or prevailing character or direction of something, especially the course of someone's life or habits

71

Define the following:

Rumpus

(1 noun)

n. a noisy disturbance, a fracas

72

Define the following:

Indomitable

(1 adjective)

adj. unable to subdue or defeat

73

Define the following:

Waif

(2 nouns)

n. a homeless and helpless person, esp. a neglected and abandoned child

n. an abandoned pet

74

Define the following:

Bereave

(1 verb)

v. be deprived of a loved one through a profound absence

75

Define the following:

Bereft

(2 adjectives)

adj. deprived of or lacking something, especially a nonmaterial asset

adj. (of a person) lonely and abandoned, especially through one's death or departure

76

Define the following:

Abreast

(2 adjectives)

adj. alongside each other and facing the same way

adj. up to date with information, news, or gossip (keeping abreast of developments)

77

Define the following:

Proletariat

(1 noun)

n. the class of wage-earners or industrial workers

78

Define the following:

Varicose

(1 adjective)

adj. a condition of swelling and tortuous lengthening of the veins, most of often in the legs

79

Define the following:

Acrid

(2 adjectives)

adj. having an irritatingly strong and unpleasant taste or smell

adj. angry and bitter

80

Define the following:

Persona non grata

(1 noun)

n. a pariah or vagabond, someone unaccepted by others

81

Define the following:

Lambaste

(1 verb)

v. inveigh, deprecate, fulminate

82

Define the following:

Venereal

(1 adjective)

adj. of or relating to sexual desire or intercourse

83

Define the following:

Delirium

(2 nouns)

n. wild excitement or ecstasy

n. a perturbed state of mind in illness characterized by restlessness, illusions, and incoherence of speech or thought

84

Define the following:

Cyclical

(1 adjective)

adj. occurring in circles, recurring

85

Define the following:

Stratify

(1 verb)

v. arrange or classify into groups or strata

86

Define the following:

Abound

(1 verb)

v. exist in large numbers or amounts

87

Define the following:

Minutiae

(1 noun)

n. the small, precise, or trivial details of something

88

Define the following:

Antiquated

(1 adjective)

adj. bygone, old-fashioned

89

Define the following:

Acclimate

(1 verb)

v. adapt to, become accustomed to

90

Define the following:

Vogue

(1 noun, 1 adjective)

n. the prevailing fashion or style at the time

adj. popular; fashionable

91

Define the following:

Psychedelic

(2 adjectives)

adj. relating to or denoting drugs that produce hallucinations and apparent expansion of consciousness

adj. denoting or having an intense, vivid color or a swirling abstract pattern

92

Define the following:

Fraudulent

(2 adjectives)

adj. obtained, done by, or involving deception, especially criminal deception

adj. unjustifiably purporting or being credited for particular accomplishments or qualities

93

Define the following:

Instigate

(2 verbs)

v. bring about or initiate

v. (instigate someone to do something) incite someone to do something, especially something bad

94

Define the following:

Incite

(2 verbs)

v. encourage or stir up (violent or unlawful behavior)

v. urge or persuade (someone) to act in a violent or unlawful way

95

Define the following:

Abominate

(1 verb)

v. loathe, execrate; detest

96

Define the following:

Dint

(3 nouns)

n. an impression or hollow in a surface

n. impact, force of attack

n. (by dint of) interchangeable with 'means' in the phrase 'by means of' or 'through the means of'

97

Define the following:

Reactionary

(1 adjective)

adj. extreme conservatism, opposing political or social liberation or reform; loathing progress

98

Define the following:

Conducive

(1 adjective)

adj. making it more likely, possible, or certain for an event to occur

99

Define the following:

Repugnant

(1 adjective)

adj. extremely distasteful, unacceptable

100

Define the following:

Hoary

(2 adjectives)

adj. grayish white

adj. old-fashioned and banal

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a state in which necessities are extremely lacking, divulged

Privation

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. talk hypocritically and sanctimoniously about something

Cant

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. appear or claim to be something, especially spuriously

Purport

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person or country in a subordinate position to another

Vassal

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relating to precious gems and the work involved such as cutting, engraving, or polishing

Lapidary

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. a meal

Repast

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. stay longer than intended, delay leaving a place

Tarry

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a dark cloud or covering of smoke, dust, or similar matter

v. become less appealing or interesting due to familiarity

Pall

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. food prepared for consumption

v. supply with food

Victual

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. occurring at irregular intervals, sporadic

Intermittent

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. absorb or assimilate (knowledge or ideas)

Imbibe

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an object or device in a book made merely to trigger a plot

McGuffin

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a wall or bank of earth or stone used to elevate a road or railroad above an area of low ground

n. a wall or bank of earth or stone used to prevent a river flooding an area

Embankment

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. make an eerie wailing sound

Keen

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. crazy, insane, daft

Batty

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. move swiftly and uncontrollably in a specific direction

Careen

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. pale and giving off the impression of illness or exhaustion

adj. (of a smile) weak; strained

Wan

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. reject with contempt or disdain

Spurn

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. someone who marries or has a sexual relationship with a much younger person

Cradle-robber

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the state of being married

Wedlock

121

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the action of spending money

n. an amount of money spent

Expenditure

122

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. work hard over a period of time

v. (with adverbial or direction) walk or move with difficulty or effort

Slog

123

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the providing of assistance or care

Ministration (usu. ministrations)

124

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not sturdy or strong in build

v. to raze a fortification

v. to insult by showing a paucity of proper respect

n. an insult of such a nature

Slight

125

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sharing the knowledge of (something secret)

adj. hidden; secret

Privy

126

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a threatened penalty for disobeying a low or rule

n. official permission or permission to do something

v. give official permission to do something

Sanction

127

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a group of models of motionless figures frozen representing a scene from a story or history

Tableau

128

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. disturbing or horrifying because of its involvement of depiction of death or injury

Macabre

129

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an extensive fire that destroys a large portion of land and property

Conflagration

130

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. diminish or put to rest (fear, suspicion, or worry)

v. to relieve or alleviate (pain or hunger)

Allay

131

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. mark a surface with numerous small dots or specks

Stipple

132

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the accidental misuse of a word or phrase for a similar-sounding one, often unintentionally with humorous effects

Malaprop

133

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a new word made by combining two words, such as RariShy

Portmanteau

134

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. curious or unusual in a way that provokes dry amusement

Droll

135

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. considerable in size or quantity

adj. attractive, excellent, or admirable

Goodly

136

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a chapter in a long poem

Canto

137

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person's look or manner, especially a particular kind indicating character or mood

Mien

138

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a bed or bunk on a train, ship, or other transportation vehicle

v. moor a ship to its allotted spot

Berth

139

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the state of being in something's power

Thrall (in thrall to)

140

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a feeling of anger or irritation

v. to feel irritated or angry

Pique

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the state or feeling of, often pleasant, lassitude or inertia

n. an oppressive stillness of the air

Languor

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. behavior, mien; bearing

Comportment

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person who spends money lavishly and prodigally

Spendthrift

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a mixture or blend

Amalgam

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a group of advisors or assistants; people accompanying an important person

Retinue

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a lesser follower or imitator of someone, especially an artist or philosopher

Epigone

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person who collects or has a great love for books

Bibliophile

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one with excessive or erotic interest in their own physical appearance

Narcissist

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the action or fact of putting something off for a later time

Deferment

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a thing that is additional or less important

Footnote

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. less important but related or supplementary to

Subsidiary

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a thing that soothes or stupefies

Opiate

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an important or powerful person, especially in the motion picture or media industry

Mogul

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. become stymied, cease development and progress; turn prosaic and myriad

v. (of water or air) cease to flow or move

Stagnate

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having a reddish color

Ruddy

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. approach and address someone boldly and aggressively

Accost

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sordid and neglected in appearance

Frowzy

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. endless

Interminable

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an uncouth man or boy

Lout

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a heretical belief that opposes canonical principles

Heresy

161

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. words containing many syllables

Polysyllabic

162

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. vernacular particular to a certain profession or group

n. a form of language regarded as barbarous, debased, hybrid

Jargon

163

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. related to spirits

adj. containing or operated by gas or pressure

Pneumatic

164

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. offering nothing entertaining or challenging

Vapid

165

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. like an eagle

adj. (of a person's nose) curved like an eagle's beak

Aquiline

166

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. gloomy and drab

Dingy

167

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an imitation of something in which certain traits are exaggerated to create a comic or burlesque effect

Caricature

168

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. make rude or mocking remarks, usually in a loud voice

Jeer

169

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. required, permitted, or enacted by statute

Statutory

170

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. exercise to achieve bodily fitness and grace of movement

Calisthenics

171

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the general meaning, the purport, the gist of something

n. the settling or prevailing character or direction of something, especially the course of someone's life or habits

Tenor

172

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a noisy disturbance, a fracas

Rumpus

173

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unable to subdue or defeat

Indomitable

174

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a homeless and helpless person, esp. a neglected and abandoned child

n. an abandoned pet

Waif

175

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to be deprived of a loved one through a profound absence

Bereave

176

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deprived of or lacking something, especially a nonmaterial asset

adj. (of a person) lonely and abandoned, especially through one's death or departure

Bereft

177

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. alongside each other and facing the same way

adj. up to date with information, news, or gossip

Abreast

178

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the class of wage-earners or industrial workers

Proletariat

179

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. a condition of swelling and tortuous lengthening of the veins, most of often in the legs

Varicose

180

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having an irritatingly strong and unpleasant taste or smell

adj. angry and bitter

Acrid

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a pariah or vagabond, someone unaccepted by others

Persona non grata

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. inveigh, deprecate, fulminate

Lambaste

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of or relating to sexual desire or intercourse

Venereal

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. wild excitement or ecstasy

n. a perturbed state of mind in illness characterized by restlessness, illusions, and incoherence of speech or thought

Delirium

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. occurring in circles, recurring

Cyclical

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. arrange or classify into groups or strata

Stratify

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. exist in large numbers or amounts

Abound

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the small, precise, or trivial details of something

Minutiae

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. bygone, old-fashioned

Antiquated

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. adapt to, become accustomed to

Acclimate

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the prevailing fashion or style at the time

adj. popular; fashionable

Vogue

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relating to or denoting drugs that produce hallucinations and apparent expansion of consciousness

adj. denoting or having an intense, vivid color or a swirling abstract pattern

Psychedelic

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. obtained, done by, or involving deception, especially criminal deception

adj. unjustifiably purporting or being credited for particular accomplishments or qualities

Fraudulent

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. bring about or initiate

v. incite someone to do something, especially something bad

Instigate

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. encourage or stir up (violent or unlawful behavior)

v. urge or persuade (someone) to act in a violent or unlawful way

Incite

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. loathe, execrate; detest

Abominate

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an impression or hollow in a surface

n. impact, force of attack

Dint

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. extreme conservatism, opposing political or social liberation or reform; loathing progress

Reactionary

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. making it more likely, possible, or certain for an event to occur

Conducive

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. extremely distasteful, unacceptable

Repugnant

201

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. grayish white

adj. old-fashioned and banal

Hoary