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MedTerm test3 > vocabulary-male > Flashcards

Flashcards in vocabulary-male Deck (42):
1

bulbourethral glands

a pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra. they secrete fluid into the urethra. aka cowper's glands

2

ejaculation

ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra

3

ejaculatory duct

tube through which semen enters the male urethra

4

epididymis (pl: epididymides)

one of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes on top of each testis. it carries the sperm from teh seminiferous tubules to the vas deferens

5

erectile dysfunction

inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence

6

fraternal twins

two infants born of the same pregnancy from two seperate egg cells fertilized by two different sperm cells

7

glans penis

sensitive tip of the penis

8

identical twins

two infacts resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos. conjoined twins are incompletely seperated identical twins

9

penis

male organ of reproduction

10

perineum

external region between the anus and scrotum in the male

11

prepuce

foreskin; fold of skin covering the tip of the penis

12

prostate gland

exocrine gland at the base of the male urinary bladder. it secretes the fluid part of semen into the urethra during ejaculation

13

scrotum

external sac that contains the testes

14

semen

spermatozoa and seminal fluid (prostatic and seminal vesicle secretions)

15

seminiferous tubules

narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes

16

spermatozoon (spermatozoa)

sperm cell

17

sterilization/vasectomy

procedure that removes an individual's ability to produce or release reproductive cells

18

testis (pl: testes)

male gonad (testicle) that produces spermatozoa and the male hormone testosterone

19

testosterone

hormone secreted by the interstitial tissue of the testes; responsible for male sex characteristics

20

vas deferens

narrow tube that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body and toward the urethra. aka ductus deferens

21

carcinoma of the testes

malignant tumor of the testes

22

cryptorchidism; cryptorchism

undescended testicles

23

hydrocele

sac of clear fluid in the scrotum

24

testicular torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord

25

variocele

enlarged, dilated veins near the testicle

26

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

benign growth of cells within the prostate gland

27

transurethral resection of the prostate

surgical treatment that removes BPH, but overgrowth of cells may recur over several years

28

carcinoma of the prostate

malignant tumor of the prostate gland

29

hypospadias; hypospadia

congenital abnormality in which the male urethra opening is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip

30

phimosis

narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis

31

chlamydial infection

bacterial infection of the urethra and reproductive tract

32

gonorrhea

inflammation of the genital tract mucosa, caused by infection with gonococci

33

herpes genitalis

infection of skin and genital mucosa, caused by the herpes simplex virus

34

human papillomavirus infection (HPV)

infection of the skin and mucous membranes in the anogenital region

35

syphilis

chronic STD caused by a spirochete (spiraled shaped bacteria)

36

chancre

hard ulcer or sore related to syphilis

37

PSA test

measurement of levels of prostate-specific antigen in the blood

38

semen analysis

microscopic examination of ejaculated fluid

39

castration

surgical excision of testicles or ovaries

40

circumcision

surgical procedure to remove the prepuce of the penis

41

digital rectal examination (DRE)

finger palpatation through the anal canal and rectum to examine the prostate gland

42

transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectoscope through the urethra