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Flashcards in Vocabulary (S's) Deck (68):
1

Decomposition of sugars.

Saccharolysis

2

A yellowish, sickly color of the complexion.

Sallow

3

A process to promote and establish conditions which minimize or eliminate biohazards.

Sanitation

4

Process of soap formation; as related to decomposition, the conversion of fatty tissues of the body into a soapy waxy substance called adipocere or grave wax.

Saponification

5

Bacteria that derive their nutrition from dead organic matter.

Saprophytic Bacteria

6

A two piece embalming instrument consisting of a handle and a blade used to make incisions and excisions.

Scalpel

7

Material used to provide a barrier or seal against any type of leakage of fluid or blood.

Sealing Agents

8

Those resulting in acute inflammation of the skin and blisters.

Second Degree Burn

9

Weakening of the embalming solution by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial.

Secondary Dilution

10

A condition, which occurs after rigor mortis has left the body where the muscles of the body return to a state of limpness and flaccidity.

Secondary Flaccidity

11

That injection taking place after the initial, primary, or first injection.

Secondary Injection

12

Causing an allergic reaction after repeated exposure.

Sensitizer

13

Pathologic state, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the blood or other tissues.

Sepsis

14

Condition characterized by the multiplication of bacteria in blood.

Septicemia

15

Vertical cartilage agent that can "fence off" or "tie up" metal ions so they cannot react with other chemicals.

Sequestering Agent

16

Notched on the edge like a saw, as seen with forceps.

Serrated

17

Hypodermic needles, suture needles, injector needles, scalpel blades, razor blades, pins and other items sharp enough to cause percutaneous injury, penetration of unbroken skin; may include other items normally not disposed of following use such as scissors, teeth, fingernails, and ribs.

Sharps

18

OSHA required receptable for proper disposal of sharps.

Sharps Container

19

Injection that results in the distribution of embalming fluid primarily to the body surface, with little preservation and disinfection of deeper tissues.

Shell Embalming

20

Legal limits established by OSHA to which workers can be exposed continuously for a short period of time without damage or injury exposures at the STEL should not be for more than 15 minutes and not repeated more than 4 time per work day.

Short Term Exposure Limit aka STEL

21

Procedure whereby the embalmer injects and drains from one site.

Single Point Injection

22

Manifestation of death in the body.

Sign of Death

23

Injection that involves use of both common carotid arteries, both axillary or subclavian arteries, and both femoral or internal iliac arteries.

Six-Point Injection

24

Edema in the body appendages, trunk, and/or head as contrasted with edema of the body cavities.

Skeletal Edema

25

Condition of decomposition wherein the epidermis begins to separate from the underlying dermal layer.

Skin-Skip aka Desquamation

26

A plastic or rubber garment which covers the arm to the area of the wrist to guard or protect against leakage.

Sleeves

27

An unstable salt usually produced in an aqueous solution and used as a bleaching and disinfecting agent.

Sodium Hypochlorite

28

Drug-induced edema wherein the excess fluid is located within the cell. Upon palpation, there is no noticeable depression.

Solid Edema

29

The substance that is dissolved in a solution.

Solute

30

Liquid containing dissolved substance.

Solution

31

A liquid holding another substance in solution.

Solvent

32

Death of the organism as a whole.

Somatic Death aka Functional Death

33

A preparation room instrument used for the application of wax to the lips of the deceased as well as smoothing out wax on visible areas of the body.

Spatula aka Regular

34

A multi-purpose embalming instrument commonly used for holding cotton swabs, wiping out and disinfecting the eyes, restoration treatment and closing the eyes.

Spring Forceps

35

Injection from one site and drainage for a separate site.

Split Injection

36

Abnormal contriction of a channel or orifice.

Stenosis

37

Oven or appliance for sterilizing; an autoclave that disinfects by steam under pressure at temperature above 100 degrees C.

Sterilizers

38

Process that renders a substance free of all microorganisms.

Sterilization

39

Delicate instrument used to detect almost inaudible sounds produced in the body.

Stethoscope

40

Death at birth; a product of of conception either expelled or extracted dead.

Stillborn

41

A plastic garment covering the entire foot and to the hip to prevent leakage and odor.

Stockings

42

An embalming instrument commonly used on arterial tubes to stop the flow of fluid.

Stop Cock

43

A microbe that can only live in the presence of free oxygen.

Strict Aerobe aka Obligate Aerobe

44

A microbe that can only survive in the absence of free oxygen.

Strict Anaerobe aka Obligate Anaerobe

45

Situated or occurring beneath the skin.

Subcutaneous

46

Distension of the tissues beneath the skin by gas or air; an antemortem condition brought about by a surgical procedure or trauma.

Subcutaneous Emphysema

47

A physical change of state during which a substance changes directly from a solid to a gas.

Sublimination

48

Eyebrow.

Supercilium

49

Toward the surface.

Superficial

50

Anatomically towards the head.

Superior

51

Fluid injected for purposed other than preservation and DISINFECTION.

Supplemental Fluid

52

An incision on the surface of the skin to raise the common carotid arteries. It is made along the superior border of the medial one third of the clavicle.

Supraclavicular Incision

53

Cloth, wet or dry, folded and applied firmly to a body part.

Surface Compress

54

The direct contact of body tissues with embalming chemicals.

Surface Embalming

55

Dehydration of the dead human body due to the movement of air over the body itself.

Surface Evaporation aka Air Swipe

56

A discoloration due to the deposit of matter on the skin surface. These discolorations may occur antemortem, during, or after embalming of the body; adhesive tape, ink, iodine, paint, tobacco stains.

Surface Discoloration

57

The force that acts on the surface of a liquid and tends to minimize surface area.

Surface Tension

58

An absorbent material, compress, saturated with an embalming chemical and placed in direct contract with the tissue.

Surface Pack

59

Chemical that reduces the molecular cohesion of a liquid so it can flow through smaller apertures.

Surfactant aka Surface Tension Reducer aka Wetting Agent aka Penetrating Agent aka Surface-Active Agent

60

Temporary condition of apparent death.

Suspended Animation

61

Act of sewing.

Suture aka Completed Stitch

62

Preparation room instruments which are used to close cuts and incisions by suturing with ligature.

Suturing Needles

63

Correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of the face.

Symmetry

64

Death brought about by a cessation of cardiac activity, or failure of heart action, one or three modes of death as descried by Bichat.

Syncope

65

Drawing together, or a contraction, of gels which results in the giving off of water.

Syneresis

66

Set of signs and symptoms associated with a particular disease (example: Down's Syndrome).

Syndrome

67

Effect occurring at sites remote from the route of entry.

Systemic

68

Contraction phase of the heart action, or beat.

Systole