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Flashcards in VOLATILE OILS Deck (140):
0

Sci name lupulin

Humulus lupulus

1

Fam lupulin

Cannabinaceae

2

Syn lupulin

Hop strobile
Common hops

3

Consti lupulin

Lupulone
Humulene

4

Use lupulin

Bitter tonic
Antibac
Preserve beer
Sedative
Appetite stimulant

5

Sci name cubeb

Piper cubeba

6

Fam cubeb

Piperaceae

7

Syn cubeb

Java pepper
Tailed pepper

8

Consti cubeb

Cubebin- crystalline
Cubebic acid- amorphous

9

Use cubeb

Stimulative
Carminative
Condiment

10

Sci name pepper

Piper nigrum

11

Fam pepper

Piperaceae

12

Syn pepper

Paminta
Malisa

13

Consti pepper

Terpenes- limonene, sabinene, camphene, b-pinene
Alkaloids- piperine, piperitine

14

Use pepper

For gonorrhea
Chronic bronchitis
Increases saliva secretion
Condiment

15

Sci name coriander

Coriandrum sativum

16

Fam coriander

Apiaceae

17

Syn coriander

Culantro
Uansoy
Chinese parsley

18

Consti coriander

Linalool
Coriandrol

19

Use coriander

Spice
Flavorant
Carminative
For cough, chest pain, fever, measles

20

Sci name juniper

Juniperus communis

21

Fam juniper

Cupressaceae

22

Syn juniper

Horse savin berries
Juniper berries

23

Consti juniper

a-pinene, camphene, cadinene, terpin-4-ol (sesquiterpenes)

24

Use juniper

Diuretic, urinary antiseptic,
flavoring agent

25

Sci name savin

Juniperus sabina

26

Fam savin

Cupressaceae

27

Syn savin

Savin tops
Horse savin tops

28

Consti savin

Sabinol
Podophyllotoxin
Savinin

29

Use savin

External and internal powerful irritant

30

Sci name peppermint

Mentha piperita

31

Fam peppermint

Lamiaceae

32

Syn peppermint

Brandy mint
Menta iglesia

33

Consti peppermint

Menthol

34

Use peppermint

Flavorant
Menthol- antipruritic, heart depressant, counterirritant

35

Sci name sage

Salvia officinalis

36

Fam sage

Lamiaceae

37

Syn sage

Garden/dalmation/meadow sage

38

Consti sage

Thujone
Camphor
Cineole

39

Use sage

Mouthwash, gargle
Vaginal douche
Prevents hair loss/color

40

Sci name sandalwood

Santalinum album

41

Fam sandalwood

Santalaceae

42

Syn sandalwood

White sandalwood

43

Consti sandalwood

Alpha, beta-santalol

44

Use sandalwood

Perfumery
Urinary antiseptic, stimulant

45

Sci name cardamom

Elattaria cardamomum var. minuscule

46

Fam cardamom

Zingiberaceae

47

Syn cardamom

Ceylon/Malabar cardamom

48

Consti cardamom

Linalol
Cineol
a-terponyl acetate

49

Use cardamom

Flavorant
Cmpd tincture of cardamom
Anti-viral

50

Sci name cinnamon

Cinnamomum zeylanicum
C. Cassia
C. Laureirii

51

Fam cinnamon

Lauraceae

52

Syn cinnamon

Cassia cinnamon
Ceylon cinnamon
Saigon cinnamon
Corteza de Canela

53

Consti cinnamon

Cinnamic aldehyde
Mannitol
Eugenol

54

Use cinnamon

Flavorant
Carminative
Pungent antiseptic
Aspergillus germicide

55

Sci name bitter orange

Citrus aurantium var. amara

56

Fam bitter orange

Rutaceae

57

Syn bitter orange

Neroli oil

58

Consti bitter orange

Naringin
Limonene
Jasmine
Linalyl acetate

59

Use bitter orange

Appetite stimulant
Antiflatulent
Antifungal

60

Sci name sweet orange

Citrus aurantium var sinensis

61

Fam sweet orange

Rutaceae

62

Syn sweet orange

Naranja dulce
Naranja de Valencia

63

Consti sweet orange

Violexanthin
Citral, citronellal

64

Use sweet orange

Flavorant
Carminative

65

Sci name lemon

Citrus limon

66

Fam lemon

Rutaceae

67

Syn lemon

Limon

68

Consti lemon

Limonene
Citral, citronellal

69

Use lemon

Flavorant
Perfume
Stimulant

70

Sci name caraway

Carum carvi

71

Fam caraway

Apiaceae

72

Syn caraway

Alcarhueya
Karawya, carum

73

Consti caraway

(+) carvone
D-limonene

74

Use caraway

Culinary uses
Carminative, weak antispasmodic
Promotes lactation

75

Sci name buchu

Barosma betulina

76

Fam buchu

Rutaceae

77

Syn buchu

Short buchu
Oval buchu
Long buchu

78

Consti buchu

Diosphenol (buchu camphor)

79

Use buchu

Diuretic
Urinary antiseptic

80

Sci name clove

Syzygium aromaticum

81

Fam clove

Myrtaceae

82

Syn clove

Clavo de especial
Clavo aromatic

83

Consti clove

Eugenol
a, b-carophyllene

84

Use clove

Dental analgesic
Antibacterial
Flavorant, astringent

85

Sci name thyme

Thymus vulgaris

86

Fam thyme

Lamiaceae

87

Syn thyme

Tremocillo

88

Consti thyme

Thymol
Carvacrol
Rosamirinic acid

89

Use thyme

Antiseptic, antibac
Antitussive, expectorant
Spasmolytic

90

Sci name anise

Pimpinella anisum

91

Fam anise

Apiaceae

92

Syn anise

Aniseed
Matalahuga

93

Consti anise

Anethole
Chavicole

94

Use anise

For coughs and colds
Carminative, stimulant

95

Sci name fennel

Foeniculum vulgare var dulce

96

Fam fennel

Apiaceae

97

Syn fennel

Sweet fennel fruit
Haras, anis

98

Consti fennel

Anethol
Fenchone

99

Use fennel

Aromatic stimulant
Corrective of purgatives

100

Sci name chinese star anise

Illucium verum

101

Fam chinese star anise

Magnoliaceae

102

Syn chinese star anise

Sanke

103

Consti chinese star anise

Anethole

104

Use chinese star anise

Flavoring
Carminative

105

Sci name japanese star anise

Illium religiosum

106

Fam japanese star anise

Magnoliaceae

107

Syn japanese stat anise

Sikimmi

108

Consti japanese star anise

Anethol
Skinnin
Shkimmic acid

109

Use jap star anise

No use, toxic

110

Sci name sassafras

Sassafras albidum

111

Fam sassafras

Lauraceae

112

Syn sassafras

Ague tree

113

Consti sassafras

Safrole
Tannic acid-sassifrid red

114

Use sassafras

Carminative
Aromatic stimulant
Flavor corrective

115

Sci name gaultheria

Gaultheria procumbens

116

Fam gaultheria

Ericaceae

117

Syn gaultheria

Wintergreen, boxberry, teaberry

118

Consti gaultheria

Methyl salicylate

119

Use gaultheria

Diuretic, astringent, stimulant, antidiarrheal

120

Sci rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

121

Fam rosemary

Lamiaceae

122

Syn rosemary

Hoja de Romero
Compass plant
Polar plant

123

Consti rosemary

Cineole, borneol
Alpha, beta amyrin
Rosmarinic acid

124

Use rosemary

Perfumery
Aromatherapy
Insect repellant

125

Sci name valerian

Valeriana officinalis

126

Fam valerian

Valerianacear

127

Syn valerian

Summer heliotrope
All heal root

128

Consti valerian

Valeric acid
Valepotriate

129

Use valerian

Tea
Carminative
Perfume
Antispasmodic

130

Sci name garlic

Allium sativum

131

Fam garlic

Alliaceae

132

Syn garlic

Bawang
Ajos

133

Consti garlic

Alliin->allicin
Diallylthiosulfinate

134

Use garlic

Antibacterial
For HTN

135

Sci name Matricaria

Matricaria recutita

136

Fam matricaria

Asteraceae

137

Syn matricaria

Chamomile

138

Consti matricaria

Coumarin

139

Use matricaria

Carminative
Laxative
Antibacterial mouthwash