Flashcards in Volume 2 - Unit 1: Integrated Defense Concepts (2) Deck (188):
For sound ID planning, you need to establish: (3)
1. search areas
2. barriers and obstacle plans
3. additive procedures
The ______ is a relatively secure area where personnel and vehicles are positively identified and
A decision is made to confiscate weapons and contraband, and detain the vehicle or allow it to pass in the ______.
A search area should isolate individuals being searched from:
A search area should isolate individuals being searched from other individuals by some type of obstacle or device
that provides adequate protection and privacy for:
both SF member and individual being searched
A search area should isolate a vehicle being checked from:
A search area should have an overwatch position armed with a crew served weapon that covers:
the vehicle, particularly the driver
The weapon at the overwatch position at a search area is mounted on a:
T&E mechanism and tripod
The determination of where to place personnel and vehicle search areas should include the following considerations: (4)
1. weapons' surface danger zones and geometry
2. all around security
3. rapid removal of detainees and vehicles
4. capabilities and skill level of all force attachments
_________ are used to check personnel for weapons, explosives, and triggering devices.
During an individual search at a search area, what should you do if searching an opposite sex member?
always use at least two SF members
If no wand is available in a search area during an individual search:
search using the grab and squeeze method
Where in the search area are individual searches conducted?
personnel holding area
If you find something during an individual search, do you touch it?
If you find something during an individual search, what should you remember?
remember what it looks like
If you find something during an individual search, what should you do?
evacuate, establish a cordon
If you find something during an individual search, who should you ensure the area is accessible for?
If you find something during an individual search, how far should you ensure no hand held radio is operated within?
no hand held radio transmissions within 25 feet
If you find something during an individual search, follow your:
If you find something during an individual search, segregate:
drivers and passengers
If you find something during an individual search, ensure EOD gets a:
good description of the item/vehicle
Vehicle occupants cannot be allowed:
to observe search procedures
Vehicle occupants cannot be allowed to observe search procedures and should be kept under:
The personnel holding area at a search area should provide: (4)
All personnel at the personnel holding area should undergo:
a simple frisk
All personnel at the personnel holding area should undergo a simple frisk and are searched with a:
Established visitor control measures such as badges, escorts, logbooks, and so forth, are accomplished while
personnel are in the holding area
Prior to searching a vehicle, guards should question vehicle operators to determine: (2)
1. where the vehicle has been
2. if it has been left unattended
Personnel who do not need to drive onto the installation are directed to:
park in the parking area
Should MWDs sweep the parking area routinely?
The staging area is used to:
control vehicle flow into the search area
The ______ area should be as far back from the search facility as possible.
The ______ area needs to be a large flat area obscured from view in all directions.
The _______ must incorporate blast mitigation barriers.
The ________ must have active barriers to contain vehicle.
Explosive tests have concluded that _________ will not mitigate blast wave effects, only reduce fragment damage.
expedient blast barriers
Standoff distance is crucial to:
minimizing blast damage
What is the most effective blast mitigation?
a network of large earthen berms or barriers (earth filled) placed around an ECP
_______ or ______ allow inspection of vehicle undercarriages.
vehicle ramps or mechanic's pits
Though less thorough than ramps or pits, _______ can be used to detect poorly or hastily concealed explosives.
Describe the floor of the search area.
flat and hard surfaced
Search areas should be well illuminated. Guards will have: (2)
2. extension lamps
A drive-over camera recording system to examine and record the
undercarriage of vehicles entering the search facility
Under Vehicle Surveillance
Ion mobility spectrometry.
Vehicles enter the search facility from the:
All passengers of a vehicle are directed to proceed to the personnel holding area. The driver is then instructed to:
turn on all electrical devices/switches in the vehicle
When the driver is escorted to the personnel holding area, where do they leave the keys?
in the ignition
This is the physical search for suspect IEDs.
During a _____ the searches uses mirrors, white light flashlights and hands on to examine all areas of the vehicle.
A _______ should be used to probe the storage tank of tanker trucks to ensure nothing has been submerged in the transported liquid.
long pole or other dipstick
After the search team examines the vehicle undercarriage the driver and passengers:
may be escorted back o their vehicle
Vehicles departing the search area must be under the control of an:
active barrier system
Barriers are raised and lowered alternately to ensure that vehicles are constantly fixed in:
_____ negate the potential for a vehicle to gain enough speed to penetrate base defenses.
An _______ should be used to maintain positive control over an exit lane and to prevent someone from entering the base through the exit.
The active barrier should be augmented by ________ and ________ to slow vehicle traffic from both outside and inside the installation beforehand.
serpentines and speed bumps
________ are responsible for accompanying departing visitors completely off the installation.
The _______ for a search area is a static position that provides observation and the ability to employ deadly force against vehicles that attempt to bypass, ram, or otherwise run through a search area.
The _______ is normally equipped with a crew served weapon capable of stopping a vehicle by disabling it or killing the driver.
Weapons at the overwatch of the search area are kept at:
The decision to keep overwatch weapons at the half load is made by the ______ and base on the _______.
base commander and based on local rules of engagement
The over watch should be
positioned to provide effective engagement of the target in the:
How is the kill zone established at a search area?
through barriers and serpentines
The search area barrier plan should readily define engagement criteria for the:
All _______ positions must be equipped with range cards.
Barriers around the search area should force the driver to ram through a gate or barrier, clearly demonstrating:
hostile intent to the overwatch
Search area rules of engagement are spelled out in the:
_______ are used to defined the perimeter of the base or fixed site.
______ are used to establish a physical and psychological deterrent to attackers.
_____ are used to optimize use of security forces.
_____ are used to enhance detection and apprehension opportunities.
What are two major types of physical barriers?
T/F Combinations or layers of barriers are more effective than a single barrier in high-threat environments.
If used in combinations, barriers must afford an ________ of continuous protection along the entire perimeter of the base.
Combinations or layers of barriers should be separated by a minimum of ___ feet for optimum protection and control.
________ or _________ should be considered. They deny access and protect against high-speed vehicle penetrations.
temporary walls or rigid barriers
What materials are considered for barrier use? (5)
2. concrete/sand filled drums
5. earth filled
The potential for ________ should be considered when selecting barriers, especially when concrete types are used.
debris and fragment hazard
________ help to mitigate debris and fragments.
Soil-backed concrete barriers
Can vehicles be considered as expedient barriers?
How do you park vehicles used as barriers?
bumper to bumper
Vehicle barriers are effective against:
Large construction type
vehicles or armored vehicles (including destroyed and captured enemy vehicles) can be
very effective as: (2)
1. supplemental barriers behind gates
2. temporary serpentine barriers at ECPs
Barriers installed in clear zones must be designed so that they do not provide terrorists:
a hiding place or a shield
______ placement should maximize standoff. Example?
perimeter barriers should be located as far from critical assets as possible to mitigate blast effects
Should barriers, final protective and overwatch fires be integrated and fully support each other?
Barriers can be compromised through: (2)
breaching or by nature
Barriers should be inspected and maintained at least:
These barriers can assume a wide range of forms including fences, walls, ditches, berms, barricades and vehicle barriers.
manmade perimeter barriers
_______ are further distinguished as either antipersonnel or anti-vehicular.
These barriers are designed to deter personnel on foot from entering a base
These barriers protect against infiltrators who may try to place small explosive charges, tamper with supplies and equipment, or attack friendly personnel or critical assets once they are inside the base.
Chain link fences with barbed wire outriggers.
Triple-strand concertina fences.
Barbed wire fences
In most instances, _______ can be penetrated by climbing over them or using wire cutters.
_______ barriers must remain under constant observation.
The barriers are designed to stop vehicles at the perimeter of a base.
These barriers assist in establishing standoff distance from protected assets.
When placing anti-vehicular barriers, focus attention along:
high speed avenues of approach outside the perimeter
When selecting the type of barriers, consider:
secondary debris and fragmentation
What type of barrier is a concrete barrier including Jersey, Texas, Alaska, and Bitberg?
What type of barrier is a concrete block?
What type of barrier is a cabled chain link fence?
What type of barrier is a guardrail?
What type of barrier is a reinforced concrete wall?
What type of barrier are berms and ditches?
What type of barrier are bollards?
What type of barrier is a cable steel hedgehog?
What type of barrier is an expedient barrier?
What type of barrier is an earth filled barrier?
It is possible to ______ anti-vehicular barriers, but breaching methods require considerable time and equipment.
Walls and jersey barriers can be penetrated using:
Berms and ditches can be eliminated with: (2)
2. high pressure water hoses
Cables in cabled fences can be severed with: (2)
1. cutting torch
Concrete barriers can be moved with:
Items used to create expedient barriers should be:
stabilized and anchored to prevent displacement by a threat vehicle
Obstacles are used in all operations, but are most useful in:
Obstacles are constructed with help from:
engineers (but not always available)
Obstacles employed in ______ operations aid in flank security.
Obstacles employed in ______ operations limit enemy counterattack.
Obstacles employed in ______ operations isolate objectives.
Obstacles employed in ______ operations cut off enemy reinforcement or routes of withdrawal.
Obstacles employed in ______ operations slow the enemy's advance.
Obstacles employed in ______ operations give the flight or squad more time to mass fire on the enemy by slowing the enemy's advance.
Obstacles employed in ______ operations protect defending units.
Obstacles employed in ______ operations channel the enemy into places where they can more easily be engaged.
Obstacles employed in ______ operations separate the enemy from vehicle support when they are using mounted operations.
Obstacles employed in ______ operations strengthen lightly defended areas.
What are the four tactical functions of obstacles?
This function of obstacles disrupts assault formations.
This function of obstacles moves and manipulates the enemy to the force's advantage.
This function of obstacles entices or forces the enemy to move.
The turn function of obstacles moves the enemy by: (3)
1. splitting their formation
2. canalizing them
3. exposing their flank
This function of obstacles slows and holds the enemy in a specific area so the enemy can be killed.
This function of obstacles generates time necessary for the force to break contact and disengage.
This function of obstacles prevents the enemy from proceeding along a certain avenue of approach.
obstacles serve as a limit, beyond which the enemy will not be allowed to go.
Leaders ______ their reinforcing obstacles with existing obstacles. They must also tie-in the obstacle plan with their plans for fire support.
You must ensure all obstacles are covered by: (2)
Proper use of obstacles in-depth:
wears the enemy down
What are the two types of obstacles?
______ obstacles are those natural or cultural restrictions to movement that are part of the terrain.
____ obstacles can be used when the battle planning begins.
_____ obstacles are easily converted into more effective obstacles.
_____ obstacles are defiladed from enemy observation.
_____ obstacles are difficult to bypass.
Steep slopes are examples of:
Escarpments are examples of:
Ravines, gullies, and ditches are examples of:
Rivers, streams, and canals are examples of:
Swamps and marches are examples of:
Snow is an example of:
Trees are examples of:
Built up areas are examples of:
_______ obstacles are those specifically constructed and emplaced to strengthen and extend
Your careful evaluation of the terrain to determine its existing obstructing or canalizing effect is required to achieve maximum use o:
________ and _______ are usually the two most important factors you need to consider when placing obstacles.
1. installation time
_________ provide the most readily available source of manpower when placing obstacles.
An obstacle created by cutting down trees so their tops are crisscrossed and pointing toward the expected enemy direction
What is the most effective obstacle in stopping vehicles in a forest?
An abatis may be reinforced with: (2)
2. booby traps
Large ditches in open areas require _______.
Ditches are placed: (2)
1. across roads
2. in trails
______ act as speed bumps on roads.
_____ are constructed of logs, dirt, and rocks.
Logs are fused to make rectangular or triangular cribs which are filled with dirt and rocks.
_____ are used to blow narrow roads and defiles.
Will log cribs stop tanks?
not unless substantially built
This obstacle is embedded in the road and employed in depth to stop tracked vehicles.
______ can cause a tracked vehicle to throw a track if it tries to climb over.
_______ can be pushed out of the way if they are not high enough.
_______ can slow infantry if used with wire and mines.
This obstacle is built from selected masonry structures and buildings in a built up area.
This obstacle limits movement through an area and provides fortified fighting positions.
This obstacle is used where concealment is essential.
This obstacle to prevents the enemy from crawling between fences and in front of emplacements.
This obstacle impedes the movement of infantry, and, in some cases, tracked and wheeled vehicles.
The materials used in constructing _______ are relatively lightweight (compared to other obstacles) and inexpensive, considering the protection they afford.
The most common ______ a squad or flight may build is the triple standard concertina fence
Wire entanglement are built from: (2)
1. barbed wire concertina
2. barbed tape concertina