Volume 2 - Unit 1: Integrated Defense Concepts (2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Volume 2 - Unit 1: Integrated Defense Concepts (2) Deck (188):
1

For sound ID planning, you need to establish: (3)

1. search areas
2. barriers and obstacle plans
3. additive procedures

2

The ______ is a relatively secure area where personnel and vehicles are positively identified and
searched.

search area

3

A decision is made to confiscate weapons and contraband, and detain the vehicle or allow it to pass in the ______.

search area

4

A search area should isolate individuals being searched from:

other individuals

5

A search area should isolate individuals being searched from other individuals by some type of obstacle or device
that provides adequate protection and privacy for:

both SF member and individual being searched

6

A search area should isolate a vehicle being checked from:

other cars

7

A search area should have an overwatch position armed with a crew served weapon that covers:

the vehicle, particularly the driver

8

The weapon at the overwatch position at a search area is mounted on a:

T&E mechanism and tripod

9

The determination of where to place personnel and vehicle search areas should include the following considerations: (4)

1. weapons' surface danger zones and geometry
2. all around security
3. rapid removal of detainees and vehicles
4. capabilities and skill level of all force attachments

10

_________ are used to check personnel for weapons, explosives, and triggering devices.

individual searches

11

During an individual search at a search area, what should you do if searching an opposite sex member?

always use at least two SF members

12

If no wand is available in a search area during an individual search:

search using the grab and squeeze method

13

Where in the search area are individual searches conducted?

personnel holding area

14

If you find something during an individual search, do you touch it?

no

15

If you find something during an individual search, what should you remember?

remember what it looks like

16

If you find something during an individual search, what should you do?

evacuate, establish a cordon

17

If you find something during an individual search, who should you ensure the area is accessible for?

EOD

18

If you find something during an individual search, how far should you ensure no hand held radio is operated within?

no hand held radio transmissions within 25 feet

19

If you find something during an individual search, follow your:

reporting procedures

20

If you find something during an individual search, segregate:

drivers and passengers

21

If you find something during an individual search, ensure EOD gets a:

good description of the item/vehicle

22

Vehicle occupants cannot be allowed:

to observe search procedures

23

Vehicle occupants cannot be allowed to observe search procedures and should be kept under:

constant observation

24

The personnel holding area at a search area should provide: (4)

1. shade
2. latrine
3. water
4. comfort

25

All personnel at the personnel holding area should undergo:

a simple frisk

26

All personnel at the personnel holding area should undergo a simple frisk and are searched with a:

transfrisker

27

Established visitor control measures such as badges, escorts, logbooks, and so forth, are accomplished while

personnel are in the holding area

28

Prior to searching a vehicle, guards should question vehicle operators to determine: (2)

1. where the vehicle has been
2. if it has been left unattended

29

Personnel who do not need to drive onto the installation are directed to:

park in the parking area

30

Should MWDs sweep the parking area routinely?

yes

31

The staging area is used to:

control vehicle flow into the search area

32

The ______ area should be as far back from the search facility as possible.

staging area

33

The ______ area needs to be a large flat area obscured from view in all directions.

search pit

34

The _______ must incorporate blast mitigation barriers.

search pit

35

The ________ must have active barriers to contain vehicle.

search pit

36

Explosive tests have concluded that _________ will not mitigate blast wave effects, only reduce fragment damage.

expedient blast barriers

37

Standoff distance is crucial to:

minimizing blast damage

38

What is the most effective blast mitigation?

a network of large earthen berms or barriers (earth filled) placed around an ECP

39

_______ or ______ allow inspection of vehicle undercarriages.

vehicle ramps or mechanic's pits

40

Though less thorough than ramps or pits, _______ can be used to detect poorly or hastily concealed explosives.

mirrors

41

Describe the floor of the search area.

flat and hard surfaced

42

Search areas should be well illuminated. Guards will have: (2)

1. flashlights
2. extension lamps

43

A drive-over camera recording system to examine and record the
undercarriage of vehicles entering the search facility

Under Vehicle Surveillance
System (UVSS)

44

Ion mobility spectrometry.

Ion Scanner

45

Vehicles enter the search facility from the:

staging area

46

All passengers of a vehicle are directed to proceed to the personnel holding area. The driver is then instructed to:

turn on all electrical devices/switches in the vehicle

47

When the driver is escorted to the personnel holding area, where do they leave the keys?

in the ignition

48

This is the physical search for suspect IEDs.

mechanical search

49

During a _____ the searches uses mirrors, white light flashlights and hands on to examine all areas of the vehicle.

mechanical search

50

A _______ should be used to probe the storage tank of tanker trucks to ensure nothing has been submerged in the transported liquid.

long pole or other dipstick

51

After the search team examines the vehicle undercarriage the driver and passengers:

may be escorted back o their vehicle

52

Vehicles departing the search area must be under the control of an:

active barrier system

53

Barriers are raised and lowered alternately to ensure that vehicles are constantly fixed in:

entrapment zones

54

_____ negate the potential for a vehicle to gain enough speed to penetrate base defenses.

entrapment zones

55

An _______ should be used to maintain positive control over an exit lane and to prevent someone from entering the base through the exit.

active barrier

56

The active barrier should be augmented by ________ and ________ to slow vehicle traffic from both outside and inside the installation beforehand.

serpentines and speed bumps

57

________ are responsible for accompanying departing visitors completely off the installation.

Escort officials

58

The _______ for a search area is a static position that provides observation and the ability to employ deadly force against vehicles that attempt to bypass, ram, or otherwise run through a search area.

over watch

59

The _______ is normally equipped with a crew served weapon capable of stopping a vehicle by disabling it or killing the driver.

over watch

60

Weapons at the overwatch of the search area are kept at:

half ready

61

The decision to keep overwatch weapons at the half load is made by the ______ and base on the _______.

base commander and based on local rules of engagement

62

The over watch should be
positioned to provide effective engagement of the target in the:

kill zone

63

How is the kill zone established at a search area?

through barriers and serpentines

64

The search area barrier plan should readily define engagement criteria for the:

gunner

65

All _______ positions must be equipped with range cards.

over watch

66

Barriers around the search area should force the driver to ram through a gate or barrier, clearly demonstrating:

hostile intent to the overwatch

67

Search area rules of engagement are spelled out in the:

SOPs

68

_______ are used to defined the perimeter of the base or fixed site.

Physical barriers

69

______ are used to establish a physical and psychological deterrent to attackers.

Physical barriers

70

_____ are used to optimize use of security forces.

Physical barriers

71

_____ are used to enhance detection and apprehension opportunities.

Physical barriers

72

What are two major types of physical barriers?

1. natural
2. man-made

73

T/F Combinations or layers of barriers are more effective than a single barrier in high-threat environments.

true

74

If used in combinations, barriers must afford an ________ of continuous protection along the entire perimeter of the base.

equal degree

75

Combinations or layers of barriers should be separated by a minimum of ___ feet for optimum protection and control.

30

76

________ or _________ should be considered. They deny access and protect against high-speed vehicle penetrations.

temporary walls or rigid barriers

77

Jersey

Concrete barrier

78

Texas

Concrete barrier

79

Alaska

Concrete barrier

80

Bitberg

Concrete barrier

81

What materials are considered for barrier use? (5)

1. concrete
2. concrete/sand filled drums
3. steel
4. water
5. earth filled

82

The potential for ________ should be considered when selecting barriers, especially when concrete types are used.

debris and fragment hazard

83

________ help to mitigate debris and fragments.

Soil-backed concrete barriers

84

Can vehicles be considered as expedient barriers?

yes

85

How do you park vehicles used as barriers?

bumper to bumper

86

Vehicle barriers are effective against:

personnel

87

Large construction type
vehicles or armored vehicles (including destroyed and captured enemy vehicles) can be
very effective as: (2)

1. supplemental barriers behind gates
2. temporary serpentine barriers at ECPs

88

Barriers installed in clear zones must be designed so that they do not provide terrorists:

a hiding place or a shield

89

______ placement should maximize standoff. Example?

barrier

perimeter barriers should be located as far from critical assets as possible to mitigate blast effects

90

Should barriers, final protective and overwatch fires be integrated and fully support each other?

yes

91

Barriers can be compromised through: (2)

breaching or by nature

92

Barriers should be inspected and maintained at least:

weekly

93

These barriers can assume a wide range of forms including fences, walls, ditches, berms, barricades and vehicle barriers.

manmade perimeter barriers

94

_______ are further distinguished as either antipersonnel or anti-vehicular.

perimeter barriers

95

These barriers are designed to deter personnel on foot from entering a base

Antipersonnel barriers

96

These barriers protect against infiltrators who may try to place small explosive charges, tamper with supplies and equipment, or attack friendly personnel or critical assets once they are inside the base.

Antipersonnel barriers

97

Chain link fences with barbed wire outriggers.

Antipersonnel barriers

98

Triple-strand concertina fences.

Antipersonnel barriers

99

Wire obstacles

Antipersonnel barriers

100

Concrete walls.

Antipersonnel barriers

101

Barbed wire fences

Antipersonnel barriers

102

In most instances, _______ can be penetrated by climbing over them or using wire cutters.

anti-personnel barriers

103

_______ barriers must remain under constant observation.

anti-personnel barriers

104

The barriers are designed to stop vehicles at the perimeter of a base.

Anti-vehicular barriers

105

These barriers assist in establishing standoff distance from protected assets.

Anti-vehicular barriers

106

When placing anti-vehicular barriers, focus attention along:

high speed avenues of approach outside the perimeter

107

When selecting the type of barriers, consider:

secondary debris and fragmentation

108

What type of barrier is a concrete barrier including Jersey, Texas, Alaska, and Bitberg?

Anti-vehicular barriers

109

What type of barrier is a concrete block?

Anti-vehicular barrier

110

What type of barrier is a cabled chain link fence?

Anti-vehicular barrier

111

What type of barrier is a guardrail?

Anti-vehicular barrier

112

What type of barrier is a reinforced concrete wall?

Anti-vehicular barrier

113

What type of barrier are berms and ditches?

Anti-vehicular barrier

114

What type of barrier are bollards?

Anti-vehicular barrier

115

What type of barrier is a cable steel hedgehog?

Anti-vehicular barrier

116

What type of barrier is an expedient barrier?

Anti-vehicular barrier

117

What type of barrier is an earth filled barrier?

Anti-vehicular barrier

118

It is possible to ______ anti-vehicular barriers, but breaching methods require considerable time and equipment.

breach

119

Walls and jersey barriers can be penetrated using:

explosives

120

Berms and ditches can be eliminated with: (2)

1. bulldozers
2. high pressure water hoses

121

Cables in cabled fences can be severed with: (2)

1. cutting torch
2. explosives

122

Concrete barriers can be moved with:

forklifts

123

Items used to create expedient barriers should be:

stabilized and anchored to prevent displacement by a threat vehicle

124

Obstacles are used in all operations, but are most useful in:

defense

125

Obstacles are constructed with help from:

engineers (but not always available)

126

Obstacles employed in ______ operations aid in flank security.

offensive operations

127

Obstacles employed in ______ operations limit enemy counterattack.

offensive operations

128

Obstacles employed in ______ operations isolate objectives.

offensive operations

129

Obstacles employed in ______ operations cut off enemy reinforcement or routes of withdrawal.

offensive operations

130

Obstacles employed in ______ operations slow the enemy's advance.

defensive operations

131

Obstacles employed in ______ operations give the flight or squad more time to mass fire on the enemy by slowing the enemy's advance.

defensive operations

132

Obstacles employed in ______ operations protect defending units.

defensive operations

133

Obstacles employed in ______ operations channel the enemy into places where they can more easily be engaged.

defensive operations

134

Obstacles employed in ______ operations separate the enemy from vehicle support when they are using mounted operations.

defensive operations

135

Obstacles employed in ______ operations strengthen lightly defended areas.

defensive operations

136

What are the four tactical functions of obstacles?

1. disrupt
2. turn
3. fix
4. block

137

This function of obstacles disrupts assault formations.

disrupt

138

This function of obstacles moves and manipulates the enemy to the force's advantage.

turn

139

This function of obstacles entices or forces the enemy to move.

turn

140

The turn function of obstacles moves the enemy by: (3)

1. splitting their formation
2. canalizing them
3. exposing their flank

141

This function of obstacles slows and holds the enemy in a specific area so the enemy can be killed.

fix

142

This function of obstacles generates time necessary for the force to break contact and disengage.

fix

143

This function of obstacles prevents the enemy from proceeding along a certain avenue of approach.

block

144

obstacles serve as a limit, beyond which the enemy will not be allowed to go.

blocking

145

Leaders ______ their reinforcing obstacles with existing obstacles. They must also tie-in the obstacle plan with their plans for fire support.

tie-in

146

You must ensure all obstacles are covered by: (2)

1. observation
2. fire

147

Proper use of obstacles in-depth:

wears the enemy down

148

What are the two types of obstacles?

1. existing
2. reinforcing

149

______ obstacles are those natural or cultural restrictions to movement that are part of the terrain.

existing

150

____ obstacles can be used when the battle planning begins.

existing

151

_____ obstacles are easily converted into more effective obstacles.

existing

152

_____ obstacles are defiladed from enemy observation.

existing

153

_____ obstacles are difficult to bypass.

existing

154

Steep slopes are examples of:

existing obstacles

155

Escarpments are examples of:

existing obstacles

156

Ravines, gullies, and ditches are examples of:

existing obstacles

157

Rivers, streams, and canals are examples of:

existing obstacles

158

Swamps and marches are examples of:

existing obstacles

159

Snow is an example of:

existing obstacles

160

Trees are examples of:

existing obstacles

161

Built up areas are examples of:

existing obstacles

162

_______ obstacles are those specifically constructed and emplaced to strengthen and extend
existing obstacles.

Reinforcing

163

Your careful evaluation of the terrain to determine its existing obstructing or canalizing effect is required to achieve maximum use o:

Reinforcing obstacles

164

________ and _______ are usually the two most important factors you need to consider when placing obstacles.

1. installation time
2. manpower

165

_________ provide the most readily available source of manpower when placing obstacles.

Infantry soldiers

166

An obstacle created by cutting down trees so their tops are crisscrossed and pointing toward the expected enemy direction

abatis

167

What is the most effective obstacle in stopping vehicles in a forest?

abatis

168

An abatis may be reinforced with: (2)

1. mines
2. booby traps

169

Large ditches in open areas require _______.

engineering equipment

170

Ditches are placed: (2)

1. across roads
2. in trails

171

______ act as speed bumps on roads.

log hurdle

172

_____ are constructed of logs, dirt, and rocks.

log cribs

173

Logs are fused to make rectangular or triangular cribs which are filled with dirt and rocks.

log cribs

174

_____ are used to blow narrow roads and defiles.

log cribs

175

Will log cribs stop tanks?

not unless substantially built

176

This obstacle is embedded in the road and employed in depth to stop tracked vehicles.

log posts

177

______ can cause a tracked vehicle to throw a track if it tries to climb over.

log posts

178

_______ can be pushed out of the way if they are not high enough.

log posts

179

_______ can slow infantry if used with wire and mines.

log posts

180

This obstacle is built from selected masonry structures and buildings in a built up area.

rubble

181

This obstacle limits movement through an area and provides fortified fighting positions.

rubble

182

This obstacle is used where concealment is essential.

tangle foot

183

This obstacle to prevents the enemy from crawling between fences and in front of emplacements.

tangle foot

184

This obstacle impedes the movement of infantry, and, in some cases, tracked and wheeled vehicles.

wire entanglements

185

The materials used in constructing _______ are relatively lightweight (compared to other obstacles) and inexpensive, considering the protection they afford.

wire entanglements

186

The most common ______ a squad or flight may build is the triple standard concertina fence

wire entanglement

187

Wire entanglement are built from: (2)

1. barbed wire concertina
2. barbed tape concertina

188

Is there a difference in building methods of the wire entanglements depending on what material it is made from?

no