When was the reign of Alexander I?
1801 - 1825
What was Alexander I known for?
his victory over Napolean
What place was the place where ships were built?
Who was the architect of the Admiralty?
Who was he in relation to the Admiralty?
son of Admiralty clerk
What happened to the Admiralty?
it caught on fire
they encased it and expanded
How is the Admiralty "anchored" down?
What does it mean?
dodecastyle portico on west and east side
12 columns; portico is the exteneded row of columns
What is at the center of the Admiralty?
arch with spire
What statues are on the arch of the Admiralty?
Who are some examples?
four classical heroes
What are on the frieze of the Admiraly?
On the left and right side and center?
Center - Poseidon handing the symbol of his power (trident) to Peter the Great
Left - Covery(?) of Poseidon (Poseidon's side)
Right - ships being built (Peter's side)
What is on the arch of the Admiralty but beneath the spire?
What is in it?
at the base is a small tower "tempietto"
What jis at the top of the Admiralty spire?
What is the other symbol of Petersburg?
three masted ship which turns as a weather vein
angel on top of Peter Paul Cathderal
What the law regulating height say?
no building can be taller than the Winter Palace
What is speciail about the Admiralty spire?
it is sheathed in gold leaf
three boulevards come out of it
What reign was the Admiralty in?
What anchors the end of the building?
What surrounds that?
tetrastyle portico flanking it
What is on the side of the Winter Palace in Palace Square?
Who built the Alexander Column?
When was the Alexander Column built?
What is it?
after victory over Napolean
monolithic column of and angel with face of Alexander I
What is the Army's building?
Building of the General Staff
Who built the Building of the General Staff?
What is on top of the arch of the Building of the General Staff?
statue of two Roman soldiers holding 6 horses with the conquerer holding the standard of victory (intertwined serhents)
What is special about the Building of the General Staff?
to get through the arch, he creates a 45 degree angel which leads you to Nevsky Prospekt
When was the liberation of the Serfs?
When was the Emancipation Proclamation?
When was the reign of Nicholas I?
What period did Nicholas 1 die?
Who came to power after Nicholas I?
his son Alexander II
When was Alexander II's reign?
When was Alexander II assassinated?
What was he known as?
What happened during his reign?
liberation of the serfs - 1861
What is the style known for being a mixture of styles?
What revolt occured at what cathedral?
Cathedral of St. Isaac of Dalmatia
What is the largest cathedral?
Cathedral iof St. Isaac of Dalmatia
Who designed the Cathedral of St. Isaac of Dalmatia?
What dispute happened between him and the Cathedral?
he wanted to be buried under the cathedral that he designed
he was rejected because he was Catholic
When was the Decembrist Revolt?
Who was the center of reaction after the liberating effect of Napolean's conquest?
Who was known as a disciplinarian
What hapen to Alexander I?
he became a mystic and on 1825, he takes on a strange journey and dies during the journey
What happen when there was a confusion on who was going to be the next ruler?
The army officers saw it as their chance and the Decembrist revolt occured on Palace square
What is the most famous monument to Peter the Great?
the Bronze Horseman
What is the Bronze Horseman known as?
The last great baroque monument in Europe
What is the Bronze Horseman doing?
trampling a snake - enemy of reform and progress
also provides another point of support
When was the Bronze Horseman unveiled?
reign of Catherine the Great
Who was at the unveiling of the Bronze Horseman?
first American delegate to Russia John Adams
When was Alexander II assassinated?
What happened during Alexander II's reign?
social dissent plunging into terrorism
What was built at the spot of Alexander II's assassination?
Church of the Resurrection of the Savior on the Blood
What did the Church of the Resurrection of the Savior on the Blood represent and emulated?
What special thing did it have at the bottom of it?
represent Russian nationalism
emulated St. Basil's at Red Square
granite table with names of famous Russian battles
When was the reign of Alexander III?
Who came to power after Alexander III?
Nicholas II in 1896
What is a subgroup of Eclecticism?
Historicism - it emulated styles of the past
What reign was the Cathedral iof St. Isaac of Dalmatia built? *
When did Westerners begin to go to Russia to teach them?
In what building?
Russian Academy of Arts
Who painted the Last Day of Pompeii?
Who painted the Appearance of Christ to the People?