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Flashcards in W8RUSS Deck (53):
1

When was the reign of Alexander I?

1801 - 1825

2

What was  Alexander I known for?

his victory over Napolean

3

What place was the place where ships were built?

The Admiralty

4

Who was the architect of the Admiralty?

Who was he in relation to the Admiralty?

Andreian Zakharov

son of Admiralty clerk

5

What happened to the Admiralty?

it caught on fire

they encased it and expanded

6

How is the Admiralty "anchored" down?

What does it mean?

dodecastyle portico on west and east side

12 columns; portico is the exteneded row of columns

7

What is at the center of the Admiralty?

arch with spire

8

What statues are on the arch of the Admiralty?

Who are some examples?

four classical heroes

Achilles

Hector Ajax

9

What are on the frieze of the Admiraly?

On the left and right side and center?

Center - Poseidon handing the symbol of his power (trident) to Peter the Great

Left - Covery(?) of Poseidon (Poseidon's side)

 Right - ships being built (Peter's side)

10

What is on the arch of the Admiralty but beneath the spire?

What is in it?

a tower

at the base is a small tower "tempietto"

11

What jis at the top of the Admiralty spire?

What is the other symbol of Petersburg?

three masted ship which turns as a weather vein

angel on top of Peter Paul Cathderal

12

What the law regulating height say?

no building can be taller than the Winter Palace

13

What is speciail about the Admiralty spire?

it is sheathed in gold leaf

three boulevards come out of it

14

What reign was the Admiralty in?

What anchors the end of the building?

What surrounds that?

Alexander I

dodecastyle portico

tetrastyle portico flanking it

15

What is on the side of the Winter Palace in Palace Square?

Alexander Column

16

Who built the Alexander Column?

Montferrand

17

When was the Alexander Column built?

What is it?

after victory over Napolean

monolithic column of and angel with face of Alexander I

18

What is the Army's building?

Building of the General Staff

19

Who built the Building of the General Staff?

Carlo Rossi

20

What is on top of the arch of the Building of the General Staff?

statue of two Roman soldiers holding 6 horses with the conquerer holding the standard of victory (intertwined serhents)

21

What is special about the Building of the General Staff?

to get through the arch, he creates a 45 degree angel which leads you to Nevsky Prospekt

 

22

When was the liberation of the Serfs?

1861

23

When was the Emancipation Proclamation?

1863

24

When was the reign of Nicholas I?

1825-1855

25

What period did Nicholas 1 die?

Crimean War

26

Who came to power after Nicholas I?

his son Alexander II

27

When was Alexander II's reign?

1857-1881

28

When was Alexander II assassinated?

What was he known as?

What happened during his reign?

1881

Tsar Liberator

liberation of the serfs - 1861

29

What is the style known for being a mixture of styles?

Eclecticism

30

What revolt occured at what cathedral?

Decembrist Revolt

Cathedral of St. Isaac of Dalmatia

31

What is the largest cathedral?

Cathedral iof St. Isaac of Dalmatia

32

Who designed the Cathedral of St. Isaac of Dalmatia?

What dispute happened between him and the Cathedral?

Why?

Montferrand

he wanted to be buried under the cathedral that he designed

he was rejected because he was Catholic

33

When was the Decembrist Revolt?

December 1825

34

Who was the center of reaction after the liberating effect of Napolean's conquest?

Austro-Hungarian Empire

35

Who was known as a disciplinarian

Arakcheev

36

What hapen to Alexander I?

he became a mystic and on 1825, he takes on a strange journey and dies during the journey

37

What happen when there was a confusion on who was going to be the next ruler?

The army officers saw it as their chance and the Decembrist revolt occured on Palace square

38

What is the most famous monument to Peter the Great?

the Bronze Horseman

39

What is the Bronze Horseman known as?

The last great baroque monument in Europe

40

What is the Bronze Horseman doing?

trampling a snake - enemy of reform and progress

also provides another point of support

41

When was the Bronze Horseman unveiled?

reign of Catherine the Great

1782

42

Who was at the unveiling of the Bronze Horseman?

first American delegate to Russia John Adams

43

When was Alexander II assassinated?

March 1881

44

What happened during Alexander II's reign?

social dissent plunging into terrorism

45

What was built at the spot of Alexander II's assassination?

Church of the Resurrection of the Savior on the Blood

46

What did the Church of the Resurrection of the Savior on the Blood represent and emulated?

What special thing did it have at the bottom of it?

represent Russian nationalism

emulated St. Basil's at Red Square

granite table with names of famous Russian battles

47

When was the reign of Alexander III?

1881-1896

48

Who came to power after Alexander III?

Nicholas II in 1896

49

What is a subgroup of Eclecticism?

Historicism - it emulated styles of the past

50

What reign was the Cathedral iof St. Isaac of Dalmatia built? *

Nicholas I

51

When did Westerners begin to go to Russia to teach them?

In what building?

18th century

Russian Academy of Arts

52

Who painted the Last Day of Pompeii?

Karl Briullov

53

Who painted the Appearance of Christ to the People?

Alexander Ivanov