Wartime Germany - Dates Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Wartime Germany - Dates Deck (41):
1

Georg Elser attempts to assassinate Hitler

November 1939

2

France is invaded

May 1940

3

Nazi order to remove crucifixes from walls in Catholic Bavaria meets opposition

April 1941

4

Invasion of the Soviet Union; Operation Barbarossa begins

June 1941

5

Bishop von Galen publicly challenges the T4 programme

August 1941

6

Germany declares war on the USA

December 1941

7

The Wansee Conference

January 1942

8

German Sixth Army surrenders at Stalingrad (turning point in the war)

January 1943

9

Goebbels's 'Total War' speech

February 1942

10

Executions of Hans and Sophia Scholl

February 1943

11

Operation Flash fails to kill Hitler

March 1943

12

Axis armies surrender in North Africa

May 1943

13

D-Day

June 1944

14

Bomb Plot fails to kill Hitler

July 1944

15

Dresden destroyed

February 1945

16

Bonhoffer executed

April 1945

17

Invasion of Poland

September 1939

18

Dispute between Frank and Himmler over deportation of German Jews to General Government

1939-41

19

By this time, racial policy in the General Government was controlled by the SS (Frank had been marginalised)

1941

20

'Operation Reinhard' (building extermination camps to send surviving Jewish ghetto inhabitants)

1941

21

Economic difficulties in Germany which led to the death of million of Polish Jews (foreign labourers needed feeding, thus killed of Jews so they didn't need to be fed)

1941-42

22

Operation Barbarossa

June 1942

23

In Kiev in this year over a 2 day period, 33,000 Jews were murdered by the Einsatzgruppen

1941

24

Goering gave Heydrich (Himmler's deputy) an order to draft a plan for a 'total solution of the Jewish Questions'

July 1941

25

Himmler tells Rudolf Hess (commander of Auschwitz) that 'The Fuhrer has ordered the final solution to the Jewish problem, and we, the SS, are to implement that order'

mid-1941

26

Wannsee Conference

January 1942

27

Killings in Auschwitz had been planned since this date (thus Wannsee not necessarily a huge turning point)

August 1941

28

Law for compulsory Sterilisation of the Mentally ill

1933

29

A-socials began to be sent to concentration camps

1935

30

Reich Office for Combating Homosexuality set up (by Himmler - 50,000 homosexuals arrested)

1936

31

45,000 Jews forced to emigrate due to anti-Semitism following Anschluss

1938

32

Kristallnacht (20,000 Jews sent to concentration camps)

Nov 1938

33

Aryanisation begins (Goering driven due to 4 Year Plan, excluding Jews from economic life)

1938

34

SS establish the Reich Central Office for Emigration (promoting emigration of Jews out of Europe)

January 1939

35

Euthenasia Aktion T4 programme launched

1939

36

Madagascar Plan draw up (removal of 4 million European Jews to Madagascar, eventually abandoned by Hitler in 1941)

1940

37

Einsatzgruppen carry out systematic massacres of Jews in Russia

June 1941

38

Hitler remarks that "The Jews with be hanged one after the other until Germany is completely cleansed"

1922

39

Date of Himmler's appointment diary which states "meeting with Hitler about the Jewish Question: to be exterminated as partisans"

18 December 1941

40

Hitler's 'New Year Message' (saying that Jews will be the 'victims of their own plots to exterminate Europe')

1942

41

Chelmo begin using Gaswagens (mobile gas chambers) as a result of Himmler's influence

Dec 1941