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fundamentals of nutrition > Water > Flashcards

Flashcards in Water Deck (25):
1

Coffee is diuretic
What does diuretic mean?

Causes body to excrete more water than actually substance contains

2

Hyperosmotic Load

When highly sugar concentrated water causes body to steal water from elsewhere in body to dilute it and make it less concentrated

3

Water is primary component of all bodily fluids.
What is found in?

Blood, lymph, digestive juices, urine, tears and sweat

4

What bodily functions is water involved in?

Circulation, digestion, absorption, elimination of wastes (to name a few)

5

What is water purified with?

Chlorinated to kill germs
Fluoridated to prevent tooth decay
Calcium hydroxide to change pH so r doesn't corrode pipes

6

What are 3 best filtration systems?

Solid carbon block filters, reverse osmosis, distillation

7

does pure 100% water exist?

NO, dirt, rocks and other minerals/substances in it

8

how much water is human body comprised of?

60%

9

during gestation, how much water is body comprised of?

80%

10

how much water is extracellular?

55%

11

how much water is intracellular?

45%

12

how many cups of water is recommended per day

12 - 4 can get from foods we eat, but 8 have to be actual water

13

what 2 types of carbon filtration systems are there?

granulated- can trap bacteria in space and it can then multiply
solid carbon- better to use

14

what factors can affect water intake?

body size, activity level, sweat, climate and temp, diet, health status, medications

15

good drinking water should have how much total dissolved solids?

300ppm or higher

16

good drinking water should have what kind of pH

alkaline pH, over 7.0

17

how much bacteria needs to be removed from any purifier?

99.75%

18

what health complications are linked to inadequate water intake?

diabetes, asthma, back pain, cataracts, chronic fatigue, arthritis, colitis, depression, heartburn, HBP, high cholesterol, kidney stones, lupus, migraines, MS, muscular dystrophy

19

what % of population drinks no water?

20%

20

what % drinks less than 2 cups per day?

42%

21

Instead of drinking 12 cups a day, what is another way to determine how much a person should drink?

Should drink half their body weight in ounces

22

What are 3 filtering mechanisms in RO?

Sedimentation (allows matter to settle), RO filter and carbon filter

23

Which filter produces waste water?

RO

24

what is the standard american diet?

food in excess meat/protein, fats, sugars
deficient in raw plants, fruit and veggies
lack of nutrients such as enzymes due to overcooking/processing
high in preservatives, antibiotics and hormones

25

what is new american diet?

natural diet of whole, unprocessed foods without chemicals
lower in fat, protein and refined carbs
proper food combining for improved digestion and absorption
food prep is important
emotions and habits while eating is important