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Flashcards in Water and Ocular Fluids Deck (49)
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1

What type of molecule gives water its properties?

Electrons

2

What are the biggest class of proteins?

Enzymes

3

What are proteins made from

Amino Acds

4

What forms the physical characterisics of proteins?

The order of amino acids in the protein

5

What structure is used to convert amino acids to proteins

ribosomes

6

What are ribosomes composed of

proteins and RNA

7

How do you make proteins?

Translation-protein synthesis

8

What is translation?

converting amino acids to proteins

9

Are catalysts always consumed?

NO

10

Are all enzymes catalysts?

fk yeah

11

What are primary structures made of?

just amino acids

12

Do primary protein structures have strong bonds? What about secondary and beyond structures?

Yes. No.

13

Why is changing protein structure easy

very little energy is required since secondary structures have weak bonds

14

What holds amino acids together

peptide bonds

15

What kind of bonds to primary structures have

Covalent bonds

16

What kind of bonds to secondary structures have? What is an exception?

Hydrogen bonds. except disulfide

17

Which structures do disulfide bonds have as covalent bonds?

secondary and tertiary structures are strong covalent bonds

18

What bonds turn 2 cysteine to cystine

H bond

19

Is there such thing as an individual van der waals bond?

uhhhhh no

20

What does folding in protein structure to do?

Create more H bonds, makes it stronger

21

What is the biggest individual weak structure bond?

H bond

22

How are Km and Affinity related

inversely

23

What is Km? What site is it?

how much to get substrate to function. the binding site, affinity

24

What is Vmax? What site is it?

how fast a reaction occurs. how much substrate is made. the catalytic site.

25

Why do enzymes have weak bonds?

So they can change their shape readily

26

What happens to Ea to make the reaction faster

when it is lowered

27

What do you facilitate to make or break a bond?

electron substrate

28

Does a catalyst affect deltaG?

HELLNOOOOO

29

What does competitive inhibition do?

Change Km, binds to active site

30

What does noncompetitive inhibition do?

Changes Vmax, binds somewhere else (not active site)