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mr fields science class > Waves > Flashcards

Flashcards in Waves Deck (12):
1

The highest point or peak of a wave
Crest

The lowest point or valley of a wave
Trough

2

The maximum distance that a disturbance causes a medium to move from its rest position
Amplitude

The distance from one crest to the next wave crest
Wavelength

3

The number of waves that pass a fixed point in a given period of time
Frequency

The bouncing back of a wave after it hits a barrier
Reflection

4

The bending of light as it crosses a boundary between two mediums at an angle other than 90 degrees
Refraction

The spreading out of waves as they pass through an opening or around the edges of an obstacle
Diffraction

5

The meeting and combining of waves the adding or subtracting of wave amplitudes that occur as waves overlap
Interference

A type of wave such as light wave or radio wave that does not require a medium to travel through a disturbance that transfers energy
Electromagnetic wave

6

Energy that travels across distances in the form of electromagnetic waves
Radiation

The range of all electromagnetic frequencies
Electromagnetic spectrum

7

The part of the electromagnetic spectrum that consists of waves of the lowest frequencies
Radio waves

Part of the electromagnetic spectrum the consists of waves with a higher frequencies than radio waves but lower frequencies than infrared waves
Microwaves

8

Part of the electromagnetic spectrum that consists of waves with frequencies between those of microwaves and visible light
Infrared light

The part of the electromagnetic spectrum that consists of wave of frequencies higher than those of visable light and lower than x rays
Ultraviolet light

9

The part of the electromagnetic spectrum that consists of waves with high frequencies and high energies ,element 10 to the 16 power to 10 to the 21 power hertz
X rays

Part of the electromagnetic spectrum that consists of waves with the highest frequencies
Gamma rays

10

The passage of waves through a medium
Transmissions

The disappearance of a wave into a medium. The energy transferred by a wave is converted into a new form of energy
Absorption

11

The spreading out of light waves in all directions as particles reflect and absorb the light
Scattering

A way of filtering light so that all of the waves vibrate in the same direction
Polarization

12

An optical tool that uses refraction of light to separate the different wavelengths that make up white light
Prism

Three colors of light (red,yellow and blue) that can be mixed to produce all possible colors
Primary colors