Weather/ Climate vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Weather/ Climate vocabulary Deck (34):
1

The force of air puts on an area

Air pressure

2

Describing a climate that is very hot and humid; describing an area on earth that is near the equator

Tropical

3

The metric temperature scale: water boils at 100 degrees Celsius, and it freezes at 0 degrees Celsius

Celsius

4

Large, fluffy, white clouds, often seen is fair skies

Cumulus cloud

5

Thin, wispy-looking clouds; commonly found at heights greater than km

Cirrus cloud

6

A device used to measure temperature

Thermometer

7

A region of low pressure with counter-clockwise wind rotation that develops into a hurricane or tropical storm

Tropical depression

8

Large-scale movement of water within the oceans in a certain direction

Ocean current

9

The temperature at which the water vapor in the air condensed into water

Dew point

10

A storm with strong winds and rain that forms over tropical water

Hurricane

11

An area that gets very little perception also very hot and humid

Desert

12

A hurricane or tropical storm originating in the Pacific Ocean

Typhoon

13

The measure of how much water vapor is in the air

Humidity

14

A prediction about what the weather will be like in the future based on weather data

Forecast

15

Layers of gas that surround a planet

Atmosphere

16

Small, icy balls that fall from the sky

Hail

17

A weather system that produces heavy precipitation and wind

Thunderstorm

18

A collection of water droplets or icy crystals

Cloud

19

Water that is released from the clouds in the sky; includes rain, snow, sleet, hail, and freezing rain

Precipitation

20

A prolonged shortage of rainfall

Drought

21

In weather, the boundary between two masses of air with different properties

Front

22

The study of patterns of weather

Meteorology

23

the temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid

Freezing point

24

a funnel-shaped cloud or column of air that rotates at high speeds and extends downward from a cloud to the ground

Tornado

25

anvil-shaped cloud that is often involved in heavy or violent storms: Cumulonimbus clouds are also called thunderheads.

Cumulonimbus cloud

26

a loud noise that happens when lightning heats the air and causes it to expand and contract quickly

Thunder

27

the properties of the atmosphere at a given time and location, including temperature, air movement and precipitation

Weather

28

the properties of the atmosphere at a given time and location, including temperature, air movement and precipitation

Waterspout

29

a tool used to measure air pressure

Barometer

30

the slow warming of Earth's atmosphere due to climatic change

Global warming

31

a measure of the average kinetic energy of the atoms in a system, used to express thermal energy in degrees

Temperature

32

The pressure of the atmosphere against a surface

Barometric pressure

33

a rotating, funnel-shaped cloud: Funnel clouds do not touch the ground.

Funnel cloud

34

the current or past long-term weather conditions characteristic of a region or the entire Earth

Climate