Week 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

NUR 256 (Medication Management) > Week 1 & 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 1 & 2 Deck (27):
1

Describe the terms:

Potency

Refers to the required amount of a chemical for a given effect.

2

Describe the terms:

Selectivity

The narrowness of a drugs range of actions on particular receptors, cellular processes or tissues.

3

Describe the terms:

Specificity

The relation between the chemical structure of a drug and its pharmacological actions within the body.

4

Below are some of the pharmacologically active compounds found in plants, Give a brief description of each and name at least one example

Alkaloids

Organic nitrogen containing compounds

Examples include codeine, Morphine & Nicotine

5

Carbohydrates

Organic compounds Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen

Examples include Starch, sugars & fibres

6

Glycosides

Carbohydrates that yield a sugar and non-sugar on hydrolysis

Examples include Digoxin

7

Hydrocarbons

Used as a base for most drugs especially topical ointments

Examples include castor oil & waxes

8

Phenols

Compounds that contain a benze ring with a hyrdoxyl substituent

Used in resins, plastics and drugs such as aspirin

9

Steroids

Compounds that contain four cycloalkane rings together

Examples include cholesterol, androgens and progesterone

10

Oils

Highly viscous liquids there are two kinds of oils

Fixed- leaves greasy stains eg Castor oil/Olive oil
Volatile- Does not as it evaporates eg Eucalyptis peppermint

11

Define the following in relation to Drug names and classifications

Chemical names

Official name of the drug(not used by the general public)

Describes the drugs chemical composition and molecular structure.

12

Generic names

The agreed name of each drug that has been approved by the local drug authority

What us nurses look up in MIMS

13

Trade names

The particular brand of each drug eg Paracetamol would come under Panadol, Febridol etc

14

List the categories into which drugs can by classified

There are several categories but the main three are
Clinical indication, By body system and by mechanism of action

15

Define the following in relation to Drug names and classifications

Chemical names

Official name of the drug(not used by the general public)

Describes the drugs chemical composition and molecular structure.

16

Generic names

The agreed name of each drug that has been approved by the local drug authority

What us nurses look up in MIMS

17

Trade names

The particular brand of each drug eg Paracetamol would come under Panadol, Febridol etc

18

List the categories into which drugs can by classified

There are several categories but the main three are
Clinical indication, By body system and by mechanism of action

19

. In 2003, the Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Council established categories for ranking of the abuse potential of various drugs and management of poisons in the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons. Below describe the different schedules of drugs and list two examples of drugs within this category if applicable.

Schedule 1

Technically not in use but covers natural/herbal remidies

20

Schedule 2

Pharmacy Medicine

Examples Include Paracetamol & Nurofen

21

Schedule 3

Pharmacy Only Medications

Examples Include Codeine & Pseudoephedrine

22

Schedule 4

Prescription Only Medications

Examples Include

23

Schedule 5

Poisons(Caution)

Examples Include Methylated spirits & Kerosene

24

Schedule 6

Poisons(Dangerous)

Examples Include Alkaline Salts & Eucalyptus Oil

25

Schedule 7

Poisons(Extreme)

Examples Include Aresenice, Cyanide & Thallium

26

Schedule 8

Controlled Drugs

Examples Include Morphine, Oxycodone & Fentanyl

27

Schedule 9

Prohibited Substances

Examples Include Cocaine, Heroine & Ecstasy