week 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

Spring 2013 / FCM 2 > week 1 & 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in week 1 & 2 Deck (51):
1

what is ZHEN QI

True Qi (or also Yuan Qi)

2

ZONG QI

ancestral qi / chest qi / gathering qi

3

ZHENG QI

upright qi

4

ZHONG QI

middle (SP & ST) qi

5

which qi is the product of that which is received from Heaven combined with grain Qi, and which makes body full, according to Hwangdi Neijing?

Zhen or Ture Qi

6

which qi gathers in the "sea of qi"? and pervades the respiratory track?

zong qi

7

which qi controls breathing and penetrates the Heart and vessels?

zong qi

8

which qi drives the Heart and regulates the pulses?

zong qi

9

the health of Zong qi is reflected in the strength of _____ and in the ____?

breathing & voice

10

the warmth and movement of the limbs are depended largely upon which qi?

zong qi

11

which qi is fierce, bold, and uninhibited, and is unable to be contained by the vessels?

wei qi

12

which qi warms the organs in the chest and abdomen, and in the exterior flows through the skin and flesh?

wei qi

13

which qi regulates opening and closing of interstices and keeps the skin lustrous and healthy?

wei qi

14

which qi protects fleshy exterior and is 1st line of defense against invading evils?

wei qi

15

which qi forms blood, flows in the vessels with the blood, and help nourish the entire body?

ying qi

16

which qi is this statement describing "The Middle Burner takes in qi, extracts its essence, and turns it into the red substance that is blood."?

ying qi

17

YING QI

construction qi / nutritive qi

18

which qi upbears the pure and downbears the turbid, and the failure of damage of this function can lead to prolapse?

zhong qi

19

which qi is the term usually used only in discussing the body's response to pathogens (evil qi / xie qi)?

zheng qi

20

qi vacuity usually refers to the vacuity of which qi?

zhen / yuan qi

21

what are the functions of skin?

protects the body
assists in regulating body fluids
regulates body temperature

22

what are the functions of muscles?

-protects viscera - spleen qi holds the viscera in place, strong abdominal muscles protect
-together with the sinews and bones facilitates body movement

23

sinews are related to which organ?

liver

24

bones, muscles, and tendons are ...?

pulleys and levers

25

what allows the joints to bend and stretch?

sinews

26

bone depends on the strength of the...?

kidney qi

27

what are the functions of bone?

uphold the body
protects the viscera
holds marrow
works with sinew and muscles to facilitate body movt

28

all Yang converges where?

at the head (at bai wei du 20) called the Hundred Meetings

29

which area is prone to muscular tissues and fluid stagnation?

neck, nape

30

where doe the UB channel traverse?

the back

31

which part of the body house the heart and lung?

chest (xiong)

32

what are some causes of chest pain?

can be due to heart qi vacuity, cold congealing, stagnant qi, and heart blood stasis

33

breathing issues, issues effecting the proper function of lung, phlegm turbidity and lung abscess can lead to what kind of pain?

chest pain

34

rib side pain can be presented with...?

liver qi stagnation or liver fire invading the lung

35

Shao Yang disease can lead to pain in what region of the body?

ribside pain

36

where is the hypochondrium / ribside?

axilla to 12th rib

37

where is low back / lumbus?

from below 12th rib to gluteal region

38

lumbus houses the ...?

kidney

39

low back pain may be an indication of what?

kidney imbalance, generally deficiency

40

excess consumption of fatty, greasy food can lead to what, and is related to which organ?

dampness and heat, which damages SP, and effect GB and LV (def of KD Yin, excess liver yang rising)

41

what is a major cause of pediatric ear infection?

damp heat caused by food stagnation (spleen and stomach dampness)

42

eyes can be affects by what other pathology besides liver pathologies?

kidney qi can affect visual acuity
wind and heat can cause tearing, burning, swelling, twitching
heat and dryness
spleen-dampness accumulation can feel like sand in the eye

43

lung governs which orifice?

nose

44

what are pathologies of nose with Lung and Spleen?

-lung and spleen (tai yin channel): phlegm & dampness: SP creates it, LU stores it

45

what are pathologies of nose with lung0kidney

-kidney governs water and lung is upper source of water and governs water metabolism
-lung governs qi and kidney is root of qi

46

yang min channel enter the teeth and gums refers to which organs?

Stomach (upper teeth & gums)
Large Intestine (lower teeth & gums)

47

which organ controls the 2 lower yin orifices (anus & genitals)?

kidney

48

abnormal discharge, leucorrhea, spermatorrhea, seminal emmision refers to malfunctioning of which organ? why?

kidney
bc one function of kidney qi is to drive the transformation of fluids into urine, and disruption of kidney function (as may or may not be reflected in changes in lumbus) may lead to these pathologies.

49

what is enuresis?

bed wetting

50

which organs are assoicated with posterior yin?

-it's ruled by kidney
-anus opens to Large Intestine
-Lung enters LI channel
-Spleen forms stool

51

Which qi is a compendium of the active aspects of the body (organ, blood, essence) that form qi to maintain health and resist disease?

Zheng qi (upright qi)