Week 1 Med terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 1 Med terms Deck (46):
1

adipose

denoting fat

2

azotemia

abnormal increase in urea concentration and other nitrogenous substances in blood plasma

3

cholelithiasis

gallstone disease

4

cystoscopy

procedure that allows your doctor to examine the lining of your bladder and the tube that carries the urine out of the body

5

diverticulitis

inflammation of diverticulum, esp of the small pockets in the wall of the colon which fill with stagnant fecal material and become inflamed

6

hepatitis

inflammation of liver

7

ischemia

local loss of blood supply due to mechanical obstruction

8

melena

passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

9

oliguria

scant urine production

10

pneumothorax

presence of free air or gas in pleural cavity

11

presbycusis

loss of hearing associated w/aging

12

subcutaneous

beneath the skin

13

synapse

functional membrane-to-membrane contact of nerve cell with another nerve cell

14

tricuspid valve

right dorsal side of mammalian heart between the right atrium and right ventricle

15

turgor

state of turgidity; typically due to absorption of fluid

16

accommodation

ability of the eye to change its focus from distant to near objects

17

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

18

blepharospasm

involuntary tight closure of eyelids

19

bruxism

involuntary or habitual grinding of teeth

20

calculus

concretion of material that forms in organ or duct

21

cerumen

waxy secretion of the glands of external acoustic meatus

22

gingivitis

inflamed gums

23

glomerulus

cluster of nerve endings, spores, small blood vessels

24

hordeolum

small collection of pus on eyelid

25

icteric

affected w/jaundice

26

lacrimation

flow of tears

27

mitral valve

valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart

28

mydriasis

dilation of pupil

29

pyelonephritis

inflammation of kidney due to bacterial infection

30

sclera

white outer layer of eyeball

31

stoma

artificial opening made into hollow organ

32

tracheostomy

incision in windpipe to create opening thru the neck into trachea

33

uremia

condition involving abnormally high levels of waste products in blood

34

vertigo

when a person feels as if they or the objects around them are moving when they are not

35

wheal

small, burning or itchy swelling on skin

36

antipyretic

prevent or reduce fever

37

analgesic

medicine that relieves pain

38

inflammation

body's attempt at self-protection, remove harmful stimuli/damaged cells/pathogens

39

anaphylaxis

severe allergic reaction that needs to be treated right away

40

immunosuppressant

class of drugs that suppress/reduce strength of body's immune system

41

gastritis

inflammation of stomach lining

42

transdermal

route of adm where active ingredients are delivered across skin for systemic distribution

43

hepatotoxic

damaging to liver cells

44

miosis (of pupil)

excessive constriction

45

withdrawal

"act of taking out"
common symptoms: irritability, fatigue, depression, insomnia

46

myalgia

muscle pain