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Flashcards in Week 10 Deck (30)
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1

When was Schizophrenia first described?

-1893

2

4 Characteristics of Schizophrenia

-Most puzzling and disabling
-Best corresponds to conceptions of madness or lunacy
-Elicits fear, misunderstanding, condemnation
-Great social stigma

3

When does Schizophrenia develop?

-Late teens or early 20's
-Can be acute onset or slower onset
-Equally males and females get it but males develop earlier

4

Can people with Schizophrenia return to normal behaviour?

-Very uncommon

5

4 Schizophrenia Social Problems

-Prison
-Homeless
-Substance abuse
-Victims of violence

6

Public misunderstanding and fear =

-Great stigma

7

What happens when you have Schizophrenia?

-Chronic pattern of occasional relapses and continued impairment between acute episodes

8

4 Major Features of Scizophrenia

-Disturbance of thought and speech
-Attentional deficiencies
-Perceptual disturbances
-Emotional disturbances

9

3 Categories under Disturbance of Thought and Speech

-Delusions or false beliefs
-Persecution, being controlled, grandeur, thought broadcasting, thought insertion, etc.
-Speech disorganized, jumbled, incoherent

10

3 Categories under Attentional Deficiencies

-Difficulty filtering out irrelevant or distracting stimuli
-Hard to focus attention and organize thoughts
-Hypervigilant, sensitive to sounds

11

2 Categories under Perceptual Disturbances

-Hallucinations - perceptions in absence of external stimulation
-Can involve any sense - smell, sight, etc.

12

3 Categories under Emotional Disturbances

-Blunted, flat, or inappropriate effect
-Monotone or expressionless face
-Or inappropriate laughing, crying

13

2 Types under Categorical Model

-Type 1, characterized by POSITIVE symptoms
-Hallucinations, delusions, looseness of associations
-Type 2, pattern of deficit or NEGATIVE symptoms
-Flat affects, low motivation, loss of pleasure, social withdrawal, poverty of speech

14

Describe the "Being Sane in Insane Places" Experiment

-1970s
-8 pseudo patients
-Mentally ill (fake)
-Faked "hearing voices"
-Discharged with "schizophrenia in remission"
-7-52 days in hospital
-Patients were able to pick out pseudo patients but not staff

15

Define Cognitive Disabilities

-Affect ability to comprehend what is heard or said
-Gain information from social cues and body language
-Learning new things, generalizing from specifics, and using oral and written language
-Includes learning disabilities, intellectual disabilities, developmental disabilities, traumatic brain injury, autism

16

Define Learning Disabilities

-When achievement falls below expectations for age, schooling, and affecting work, capacity to learn, capacity to express self
-Ability to understand and use written and spoken language, includes listening, thinking, speaking, writing, spelling, math, reading, reasoning, recalling, and organizing

17

What percent of population has a Learning Disability?

-15%

18

Define Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder

-Inattentive type
-Hyperactive or impulsive type
-Combined hyperactive and inattentive

19

Inattention...

-Fails to give close attention to details
-Makes careless mistakes
-Difficulty sustaining attention
-Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
-Does not follow through and fails to finish
-Difficulty organizing
-Unable to focus
-Avoids, dislikes, reluctant re tasks that require sustained mental effort
-Loses things
-Easily distracted
-Forgetful

20

Hyperactivity...

-Fidgets with hands or feet - squirms
-Leaves seat when remaining seated is expected
-Difficulty being quiet
-Runs, climbs excessively - restless
-On the go - driven by motor
-Talks excessively
-Blurts out answer before question completed
-Difficulty waiting turn
-Interrupts
-Difficult engaging in leisure quietly

21

Define Traumatic Brain Injury

-Causes include falling, motor vehicle accidents, physical assault
-Mild TBI can cause memory loss, difficulty with reasoning, reduced frustration tolerance, changes in cognition and personality

22

What are the two types of TBI?

-Open and closed

23

Closed TBI is when...

-No penetration
-Diffused injury to more than one area of brain

24

Open TBI is when...

-Something like bullet penetrates and enters brain
-Localized injury

25

Variety of effects of TBI...

-Cognitive
-Language
-Info processing
-Reasoning
-Judgement
-Anger control
-Memory
-Reading
-Writing
-Ambulation
-Moods
-Emotions

26

Poverty of speech

-Limited vague

27

Neologisms

-Made up words

28

Perseveration

-Repetition

29

Clanging

-Rhyming

30

Blocking

-Abrupt interruption of speech