Week 104 - Social, psychological, and anthropological factors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 104 - Social, psychological, and anthropological factors Deck (15):
1

What is positional objectivity?

The personal views of the observer has a profound effect on how they interpret what is being observed

2

List the psychological perspectives of suicide

Psychoanalytic model: Freud

Cognitive model: Beck

Congnitive-Behavioural model: Wenzel and Beck

Multi-dimensional model: Schneidman and Leenaars

3

Which psychological suicide model is associated with:

- traumatic event
- unbearable psychological pain
- escaping pain to end conscious thinking

Multidimension model - Schenidman and Leenars

4

Which psychological suicide model is associated with:

- depression and feelings of hopelessness
- negative expectations and views of self
- death more desirable than life
- involuntary thoughts = only meaningful thoughts

Cognitive behavioural model - Wenzel and Beck

5

Which psychological suicide model is associated with:

- polarised thinking i.e. views of the world in extremes
- problem solving deficit + inflexible rigid thinking
- future bleaker with suicidal thoughts / present focus only

Cognitive model - Beck

6

Which psychological suicide model is associated with:

- motivation by unconscious intentions
- loss and rejection => root cause of suicide
- a desire for self punishment

Psychoanalytic model - Freud

7

What are the two types of sociology?

Quantitative
- scientific approach using positivism (knowledge based on sense experience)

Qualitative
- social science approach (distinct difference to science)

8

What are the 4 types of sociological perspectives identified by Durkheim?

Egoistic - self centred (under integration)

Altruistic - for the good of others (over integration)

Anomic - social isolation (under regulation)

Fatalistic - no choice (over regulation)

9

Which Durkheim perspective describes suicide as self centred and under integration in society?

Egoistic

10

Which Durkheim perspective describes suicide as for the good of others and under integration in society?

Altruistic

11

Which Durkheim perspective describes suicide as a result of social isolation, i.e. under regulation?

Anomic

12

Which Durkheim perspective describes suicide as a result of no choice?

Fatalistic

13

What is psychological suicide?

The intentional act of suicide

14

What is sociological suicide?

A meaningful social act within a social group

15

What is anthropological suicide?

Suicide as a performance of an accepted cultural act
- i.e. revenge suicide = to make others feel guilty