Flashcards in Week 12 Deck (35)
What are the 3 types of Deafness and Hearing Impairments?
-Middle ear that conducts sound, infections and injury are common cause, hearing aids can help
-Damage to inner ear, caused by Rubella, infections, loud noises, genetic conditions, cochlear implants help
-Rare, due to conditions of the brain such as MS or tumors
-Before age 3
-Usual age of language acquisition
-Do not become fluent
-Mechanical / visual language is often their first language (sign)
-Acquire deafness after acquiring spoken language
Criteria used to define Deafness and Hearing Impairments is guided by...
-Cultural or political models
-Used to describe Deaf people as a cultural group
-Refers to non cultural elements of deafness such as medical conditions
Summarize the Article "Not Everyone Wants to be Fixed"
-Protestors (deaf people)
-Sponsors and exhibitors mainly affiliated with companies that sell cochlear implants
-Protestors felt symposium promotes audism
Was Alexander Graham Bell an oralist?
-Yes, his wife and mother were deaf
What did Alexander Graham Bell do?
-He removed deaf faculty from schools, stopped use of ASL, and promoted eugenics (deaf intermarriage)
Blindness roots are in the...
Visually impaired if sight is...
-20/80 or less when corrected
Legally blind if sight is...
-20/200 or less with correction
Blindness from infection is...
Blindness from age is...
List 3 Common Causes of Blindness
People who are blind are seen as the...
People who are blind are known as...
-Depressed, living in the dark, should be pitied, helpless, useless, cared for, begging notion, equivalent to being dead
Judeo Christians believe that...
-Evil and immortality result in disability and blindness
Not everyone is accepting of person first language because...
-Hampers political agenda of disability civil rights activists
-Implies that disability is located within individuals rather than social construction
Person first language may...
-Foster a belief that disability is inherently pathological rather than a characteristic of diversity
Disability first language can...
-Embrace disability as a characteristic and identity
Why do we not use the term "the disabled"?
-Lumps people into one dimensional groups
In a label what is focused on?
-Deficiency focus not strength focus - can lead to devaluing and dehumanizing
If you have an intellectual impairment you may be subject to...
Blindness preference is the social model...
-Roles in traditional medical model are reversed
-Person with disability becomes expert
-Professionals respond to needs and wishes
-Introduces role of environment
-Emphasized strengths and other assets
-Corrective action not sole focus
-Seen as beneficial for all i.e., ramps
Labels are imposed on these following circumstances...
-High reliance on "capacity"
-Measures that define are "arbitrary"
-Meaning attached to disability are socially constructed