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Understanding Disability Labels > Week 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 12 Deck (35)
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1

What are the 3 types of Deafness and Hearing Impairments?

-Conductive
-Sensorineural
-Central

2

Define conductive

-Middle ear that conducts sound, infections and injury are common cause, hearing aids can help

3

Define sensorineural

-Damage to inner ear, caused by Rubella, infections, loud noises, genetic conditions, cochlear implants help

4

Define central

-Rare, due to conditions of the brain such as MS or tumors

5

Define prelingual

-Before age 3
-Usual age of language acquisition
-Do not become fluent
-Mechanical / visual language is often their first language (sign)

6

Define postlingual

-Acquire deafness after acquiring spoken language

7

Criteria used to define Deafness and Hearing Impairments is guided by...

-Cultural or political models

8

Define (D)eaf

-Used to describe Deaf people as a cultural group

9

Define (d)eaf

-Refers to non cultural elements of deafness such as medical conditions

10

Summarize the Article "Not Everyone Wants to be Fixed"

-Protestors (deaf people)
-Sponsors and exhibitors mainly affiliated with companies that sell cochlear implants
-Protestors felt symposium promotes audism

11

Was Alexander Graham Bell an oralist?

-Yes, his wife and mother were deaf

12

What did Alexander Graham Bell do?

-He removed deaf faculty from schools, stopped use of ASL, and promoted eugenics (deaf intermarriage)

13

Blindness roots are in the...

-Medical model

14

Visually impaired if sight is...

-20/80 or less when corrected

15

Legally blind if sight is...

-20/200 or less with correction

16

Blindness from infection is...

-Decreasing

17

Blindness from age is...

-Increasing

18

List 3 Common Causes of Blindness

-Glaucoma
-Cataracts
-Diabetic retinopathy

19

People who are blind are seen as the...

-Worthy poor

20

People who are blind are known as...

-Depressed, living in the dark, should be pitied, helpless, useless, cared for, begging notion, equivalent to being dead

21

Judeo Christians believe that...

-Evil and immortality result in disability and blindness

22

Not everyone is accepting of person first language because...

-Hampers political agenda of disability civil rights activists
-Implies that disability is located within individuals rather than social construction

23

Person first language may...

-Foster a belief that disability is inherently pathological rather than a characteristic of diversity

24

Disability first language can...

-Embrace disability as a characteristic and identity

25

Why do we not use the term "the disabled"?

-Lumps people into one dimensional groups

26

In a label what is focused on?

-Deficiency focus not strength focus - can lead to devaluing and dehumanizing

27

If you have an intellectual impairment you may be subject to...

-Dishwashing

28

Blindness preference is the social model...

-Roles in traditional medical model are reversed
-Person with disability becomes expert
-Professionals respond to needs and wishes
-Introduces role of environment
-Emphasized strengths and other assets
-Corrective action not sole focus
-Seen as beneficial for all i.e., ramps

29

Labels are imposed on these following circumstances...

-High reliance on "capacity"
-Measures that define are "arbitrary"
-Meaning attached to disability are socially constructed

30

Labels as positive

-Funding - pension
-Treatment
-Enables professionals to communicate
-Human mind requires "hook" to think about issues
-Labelling spotlights the issues for the public
-Helps the majority without disabilities more tolerant of the minority with disabilities
-Helps in the development of specialized approaches/treatment/support
-Research
-Can be the first step in dealing with the issue productively
-Can promote positive identity