Flashcards in Week 16: Theories of Developmental Psychology Deck (14):
Assimilate- incorporate new ideas to our Schema that don't need to be revised in anyway
Accommodate - incorporate ideas into our Schema that aren't representative of the Schema so we have to reevaluate the parameters or believe it's an exception
Equilibrate - reaches a point where we have made encountered so much information that does not directly fit into our Schema that it no longer holds true we must form an entirely new schemata. It will be more sophisticated and less vulnerable to contradiction.
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Believed that children thought differently then adults and that all children experienced similar obstacles in terms of cognitive development. Instead of one long continuous process of learning Piaget proposed that there are 4 distinct stages of development and once a child masters that particulater stage they can move to next stage.
Under 8 months have no concept of object permanence (significant milestone)
Direct interactions with environment touching sensing and moving allows infants to interact with the world.
Cognitive thinking shows in Pretend play and start to use symbols and drawings to express ideas. Egocentric and can not apply reverse mental processes. The significant developmental milestone is problems with conservation.
Concrete operational stage
Children understand conservation. They can carry out mathematical operations and reverse processes. Physically present objects but hard to imagine mental transformations from hypothetical objects.
Formal operational Stage
Capacity for abstract thoughts and hypothetical thinking develops. Reasoning and scientific thinking is possible.
Why Piaget doesn't work
- doesn't account for variability in children some children show understanding of conservation earlier than the age shown
- cognitive capacities of children is much greater than piaget thought ex: Baillergeon showed object permanence in children 3.5 months
- emphasizes the physical world more than the social environment
- Cognitive Development theory = sociocultural theory
- emphasis on the environment and cultural social influences
An understanding between 2 individuals that lets them effectively communicate about the same topic.
The tendency to look to another person for clarification in situations of ambiguity.
The ability to share attention with another about the same object
The process of learning with guidance from someone more knowledgable who can help you reach a greater potential than otherwise would have achieved.
Zone of proximal development
An area that contains skills that are not too easy or too difficult to be achieved (resulting in boredom or frustration) but skills that are just out of reach that are achievable with social scaffolding.