Week 2 December Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 2 December Medical Terms Deck (17):
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Acetabulum

Concave surface of the pelvis

1

Allogenic

denoting, relating to, or involving tissues or cells that are genetically dissimilar and hence immunologically incompatible, although from individuals of the same species.

2

Ankylosing spondylitis

A form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints in between the vertebrae

3

Arthrodesis

A surgical puncture of the joint space to remove synovial fluid for analysis

4

Arthrolysis

Surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint

5

Arthroscopy

Visual examination of the internal structure of a joint using an arthroscope

6

Autologous

Cells or tissues obtained from the same individual

7

Chondroma

A slow growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells

8

Chondromalacia

Abnormal softening of the cartilage

9

Comminuted fracture

A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed

10

Compression fracture

A fracture in which he gone is pressed together on itself

11

Costochondritis

An inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum

12

Craniostenosis

A surgical incision or opening into the skull

13

Crepitation

The grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together

14

Dual x-Ray absorptiometry

A low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips to measure bone density

15

Fibrous dysplasia

A bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous tissue

16

Hallux valgus

An abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe