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Flashcards in Week 2 definitions Deck (16):
1

Phonetics

The study of speech sounds (phones)

2

Articulatory phonetics

The study of how the vocal tract produces the sounds of language (how they are produced)

3

Auditory phonetics

How they are perceived

4

Acoustic phonetics

The physical properties of the sounds

5

Voiceless

There is no vocal fold vibration

6

Voiced

There is vocal fold vibration

7

Affricates

Sounds begin with a stop closure, then released more gradually into a fricative.
Non-continuants.

8

Approximants

Produced with very little obstruction of airflow in the oral cavity.
Further classified into glides (semi-vowels) and liquids

9

International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

Represents speech sounds found in all human languages

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Vowel

Speech sounds that are produced with no significant constriction of the air in the oral cavity

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Highest Point of the Tongue (HPT)

The reference point for describing vowels

12

The Schwa

Articulated with the tongue in a neutral position with regard to height and front/back

13

Monophthongs

Don't require dynamic movement (a change in position of the articulators)

14

Diphthongs

dynamic (do require a change in the position of the articulators)

15

Rising diphthongs

The end of the vowel sound has a higher HPT than the beginning

16

Falling or centring diphthongs

The tongue moves from a higher to a lower position