Week 2: Musculoskeletal Injuries and Disorders Flashcards Preview

Self-Care I Midterm > Week 2: Musculoskeletal Injuries and Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 2: Musculoskeletal Injuries and Disorders Deck (19):
1

REST is one of the non-pharmacologic treatments for tendonitis, sprain, and strain. It is beneficial for the _____ and gradually resume activity to keep muscle functioning.

first 48-72 hours after injury

2

ICE is one of the non-pharmacologic treatments for tendonitis, sprain, and strain.

1. It lowers _____.
2. For the first 24-72 hours, apply ice ____ at a time 3-4 times/day
3. After ____ hours, you can alternate heat with ice.

1. pain and inflammation
2. 10 minutes
3. 48

3

COMPRESSION is one of the non-pharmacologic treatments for tendonitis, sprain, and strain.

Use an elastic compression wrap (like an ACE bandage) for the first 24-48 hours to ____.

decrease swelling

4

ELEVATION is one of the non-pharmacologic treatments for tendonitis, sprain, and strain.

Elevate strains, sprains, and the acute injuries ______ to decrease swelling and pain.

at or above the heart level

5

What is the difference between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis when it comes to MORNING STIFFNESS?

osteoarthritis: lasts less than 30 minutes (may self-treat)

rheumatoid arthritis: lasts more than 45 minutes (do not self-treat)

6

____ plays a role in cartilage formation and repair. It is extracted from crab, lobster or shrimp shells

glucosamine
(an amino sugar that is a building block of glycosaminoglycan)

7

___ is part of a large protein molecule (proteoglycan) that gives cartilage elasticity. It inhibits the enzymes that degrade cartilage.

chondroitin

8

In the glucosamine component of glucosamine chondroitin, there is caution of _____, may raise blood sugar in diabetics, and may increase the effect of warfarin.

shellfish allergy

9

The direct effect MOA is to depress cutaneous sensory receptors to relieve pain, burning, and itching; and anesthetics.

The indirect effect MOA is _____, relieving pain by stimulating cutaneous receptors to INDUCE COLD, WARMTH, and ITCHING to distract from the deep seated pain muscles, joints, and tendons

counterirritants

10

The topical analgesic/counterirritant ingredient _____ is rubefacient, which increases blood flow and causes vasodilation.

methyl salicylate
(wintergreen oil)

11

The topical analgesic/counterirritant ingredient _____ produces a cooling sensation.

menthol
(peppermint oil)

12

The topical analgesic/counterirritant ingredient _____ only causes vasodilation.

methyl nicotinate

13

The topical analgesic/counterirritant ingredient _____ depletes substance P.

Capsaicin

14

The two topical analgesic/counterirritant ingredients _____ and ____ both cause vasodilation.

methyl salicylate (wintergreen oil) and methyl nicotinate

15

The dose for the ingredient methyl salicylate when in creams and gels is to apply ____.

3-4 times daily for no more than 7 days

16

What are the most 2 important counseling points/precautions when using a treatment with the ingredient methyl salicylate?

1. do NOT apply immediately after a hot shower/bath
2. do NOT use with a heating pad

17

The active component in Capsaicin (Zostrix, Capzasin) is ____.

chili peppers

18

The dose for the ingredient Capsaicin is to apply ____.

3-4 times daily for no more than 7 days

19

A counseling point for Capsaicin is to ____ and avoid contact with eyes and genitals.

wash hands after application