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Flashcards in Week 3 Deck (42):
1

What are the names and locations of IMI sites?

Deltoid- shoulder. Gluteus Maximas and gluteus Medius- buttocks. Rectus Femorus and Vastus Lateralis- thigh

2

What are the major bones of the body?

Long- humorous, tibial. Flat- ribs, sternum, skull. Short- wrist and ankle. Irregular- vertebrae and pelvis. Sesamoid- patella. Sutural-skull

3

The suffix -itis means inflammation. What does the term arthritis mean?

Inflammation of the joints.

4

You are going to administer an IMI into the dorsogluteal site. What is the name of the muscle?

Gluteus Maximas muscle

5

What is the name of the nerve that you need to avoid when giving an IMI into the dorsogluteal site?

Sciatic Nerve

6

List 5 functions of bones

1. movement 2. protection of organs 3. storage of fat and calcium 4. production of rbc 5. structure of body

7

What is the functional relationship between skeletal muscles and bones?

facilitates movement. gives skeletal muscle an anchor point for muscle contraction

8

Describe the bone remodelling process

1. haematoma forms. 2. soft callous forms 3. bony callous forms 4. bone remodelling occurs.

9

Where does growth happen in bone growth?

during infancy and youth, long bones lengthen by interstitial growth of epiphuseal plate cartilage.

10

Why does smoking delay bone healing?

Smoking reduces oxygen level in blood and acts as a vasoconstricter.

11

What are the 6 ways of describing a fracture?

1. open 2. closed 3. displaced 4. non displaced 5. complete 6. incomplete

12

what are the 4 types of fractures?

1. greenstick 2. compression 3. spiral 4. comminuted (shattered/brittle bones)

13

How is calcium in the body regulated?

parathyroid hormones regulates calcium

14

Name the 3 types of joins and their location

1. fibrous joint- skull sutures 2. cinnovial joint- patella 3. cartilaginous joints- epitheseal plate

15

What do we require for healthy bones and joints?

1. weight bearing excercise 2. vitamin D 3. calcium

16

What is the difference between arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis?

Rheumatoid athritis is an auto immune disease. the joints become inflammed and fuse together.

17

What are the 3 types and characteristics of muscle tissue?

skeletal- striated cardiac- branched, intercollated discs smooth- elongated, multinucleic

18

What is the function of muscle tissue?

to control muscles

19

What is a dystonic reaction?

Prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle. Usually a reaction from a medication

20

What is the effect of regular excercise on joint health and structure?

strengthens and nourishes bone

21

Where would you find an anterior cruciate ligament?

knee

22

What is the outer layer of bone called?

periosteum

23

In what way are bones strengthened and protected?

deposition of calcium and phosphate

24

What is the periosteum?

outside membrane around bone

25

what is the articulate cartiledge?

smooth white membrane covering joints. reduces friction.

26

what is the epiphysis?

broad ends of bones

27

what is the diaphysis?

shaft of bone

28

what is the endosteum?

connective tissue that lines the medullary cavity

29

what is the red marrow cavity?

has rbc and wbc. found in epiphysis

30

what is the yellow marrow cavity?

fat deposits found in diaphysis.

31

what are bone cells called?

osteocytes

32

what is the total number of phalanges in the hand?

14

33

what is the total number of carpals in the hand?

8

34

what is the common name for the scapula?

shoulder blade

35

what is the common name for the clavicle?

collar bone

36

what is the common name for the patella?

knee cap

37

define burstitis

inflammation of the barsa sacs

38

what is the scientific name for shin bone?

tibia

39

what is the scientific name for tail bone?

coccyx

40

what is the scientific name for the back bone?

spine

41

what is the scientific name for the breast bone?

sternum

42

fractures: what is an internal reduction?

surgery to realign a broken bone