Flashcards in Week 3 Deck (42):
What are the names and locations of IMI sites?
Deltoid- shoulder. Gluteus Maximas and gluteus Medius- buttocks. Rectus Femorus and Vastus Lateralis- thigh
What are the major bones of the body?
Long- humorous, tibial. Flat- ribs, sternum, skull. Short- wrist and ankle. Irregular- vertebrae and pelvis. Sesamoid- patella. Sutural-skull
The suffix -itis means inflammation. What does the term arthritis mean?
Inflammation of the joints.
You are going to administer an IMI into the dorsogluteal site. What is the name of the muscle?
Gluteus Maximas muscle
What is the name of the nerve that you need to avoid when giving an IMI into the dorsogluteal site?
List 5 functions of bones
1. movement 2. protection of organs 3. storage of fat and calcium 4. production of rbc 5. structure of body
What is the functional relationship between skeletal muscles and bones?
facilitates movement. gives skeletal muscle an anchor point for muscle contraction
Describe the bone remodelling process
1. haematoma forms. 2. soft callous forms 3. bony callous forms 4. bone remodelling occurs.
Where does growth happen in bone growth?
during infancy and youth, long bones lengthen by interstitial growth of epiphuseal plate cartilage.
Why does smoking delay bone healing?
Smoking reduces oxygen level in blood and acts as a vasoconstricter.
What are the 6 ways of describing a fracture?
1. open 2. closed 3. displaced 4. non displaced 5. complete 6. incomplete
what are the 4 types of fractures?
1. greenstick 2. compression 3. spiral 4. comminuted (shattered/brittle bones)
How is calcium in the body regulated?
parathyroid hormones regulates calcium
Name the 3 types of joins and their location
1. fibrous joint- skull sutures 2. cinnovial joint- patella 3. cartilaginous joints- epitheseal plate
What do we require for healthy bones and joints?
1. weight bearing excercise 2. vitamin D 3. calcium
What is the difference between arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis?
Rheumatoid athritis is an auto immune disease. the joints become inflammed and fuse together.
What are the 3 types and characteristics of muscle tissue?
skeletal- striated cardiac- branched, intercollated discs smooth- elongated, multinucleic
What is the function of muscle tissue?
to control muscles
What is a dystonic reaction?
Prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle. Usually a reaction from a medication
What is the effect of regular excercise on joint health and structure?
strengthens and nourishes bone
Where would you find an anterior cruciate ligament?
What is the outer layer of bone called?
In what way are bones strengthened and protected?
deposition of calcium and phosphate
What is the periosteum?
outside membrane around bone
what is the articulate cartiledge?
smooth white membrane covering joints. reduces friction.
what is the epiphysis?
broad ends of bones
what is the diaphysis?
shaft of bone
what is the endosteum?
connective tissue that lines the medullary cavity
what is the red marrow cavity?
has rbc and wbc. found in epiphysis
what is the yellow marrow cavity?
fat deposits found in diaphysis.
what are bone cells called?
what is the total number of phalanges in the hand?
what is the total number of carpals in the hand?
what is the common name for the scapula?
what is the common name for the clavicle?
what is the common name for the patella?
inflammation of the barsa sacs
what is the scientific name for shin bone?
what is the scientific name for tail bone?
what is the scientific name for the back bone?
what is the scientific name for the breast bone?