Flashcards in Week 4 Deck (18):
What is the definition of ethics?
Ethics is a prescriptive, philosophical inquiry about the
nature of morality.
What are some examples of ethics in healthcare?
Stem Cell Research
Euthanasia - right to die
Cover up of Mistakes
Mental Health Issues
What are 2 ethical theories?
Deontology & Consequentialism
What is Deontology (deontological ethics)?
Developed by Emmanuel Kant
Based on Christian religious doctrine
MRPBA is an example.
Whether a situation is good or bad depends on whether the action that brought it was right or wrong. (it is not the consequences of actions that make them right or wrong but the motives of the person who carries out the action)
See example in PPT
What is Consequnetialism?
Looks at the end product of an action not the motive.
If some action genuinely brings about greater good
in the world, then it is a right action, and this rightness is
independent of the nature of the action or the intentions of the person carrying out the action
Give some examples of ethical principles.
Duty of Care
What is beneficence?
Do all within you power to provide maximum benefit to the patient.
personal attitudes towards patients
allocation of resources and technical factors
What is non-maleficence?
Do no harm
Taking all due care to provide the best outcome without harming the patient.
includes treatment and diagnosis
E.G. using paediatric settings when performing a CT scan on a child to make sure they dont recieve high dose.
What is Justice?
fairness or even distribution of resources, time, care and concern.
Equaity of health care for all regardless of agem race, gender, religion, social status
What are some examples of justice?
A RT conveying th same information to a non-English speaking patient to that of an English speaking patient during RT.
A RT spending equal time and effort with a patient who constantly complains as that as a patient who does not.
What is autonomy?
Respect for the decisions of others to determine what is best for themselves
i.e. giving informed consent to a procedure, disclosure of information, refusal of treatment.
How do you apply autonomy to a patient suffering dementia or a child?
Dementia: The identified next of kin will usually have power of attorney and make decisions.
If the patient does not have next of kin, the guardianship will then make decisions for the patient.
For children under the age of 16 they have autonomy ove the child and make all decisions.
Try to encourage triadic communication - communication between health professional, parent and child.
What is an example of autonomy?
An RT choosing to respect the patients decision to refuse treatment
What are some ethical behaviors displayed by professionals?
Respect regardless of difference
Why is informed consent important?
Patients rely on health professionals to give them all of the information they need to make an 'informed decision' about a procedure.
What information does informed consent need to include?
Important to make sure consent has been signed prior to Simulation