Week 4 Urinary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 4 Urinary System Deck (14):
1

Define filtration and where it happens

Absorbing the nutrients and happens in the bowl and capsual

2

Bowmans capsual

Filtration happens separation from solids and fluids

3

Kidney where is the outside and inside called ?

Outerside is renal cortex

Inside renal medulla

4

Function of kidney ?

Cleanses blood and produces urine
Maintains ph
Produces erythropoietin to stimulate rbc
Adh and aldosterone hormone

5

Nephrons ?

Blood processing units which carry out the process that form urine collecting duct collect fluid and carries from nephrons to the renal pelvis

6

Ureter where is it what does it do ?

Carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
With peristalsis contraction of muscles

7

Bladder

Shaped like a funnel to help expand contains smooth elastic muscle to help

8

What blood vessels go through the bowmans capsual

Afferent goes in efferent goes out

9

Where is the nutrients absorbed through the urinary system ?

In the proximal comuluted tuble

Where water glucose ions amino acids and vitamins and absorbed back to the body

10

Adh? What is it and function

It's a hormone released to stop dehydration it works in the collecting duct and draws water back into the body

11

Aldosterone

Hormone released by adrenal cortext maintains blood volume and bp by absorbing salt and water follows salt

12

Micturition reflex

Reflex to empty bladder

13

What is niddm and iddm?

1- no insulin dependant
2 insulin dependant

14

How does alcohol have a effect on the adh

Alcohol promotes diuresis (produce more urine) so adh level drops and kidney does not absorb as much water and kidney produces more urine