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Flashcards in Week 5 Deck (17):
1

Language

The system of arbitrary vocal symbols we use to encode our experience of the world

2

Linguistics

The scientific study of language

3

Design Features

Those characteristics of language that, when taken together, differentiate it from other know animal communication systems

4

Linguistic competence

A term coined by linguist Noam Chomsky to refer to the mastery of adult grammar

5

Communicative Competence

A term coined by anthropological linguist Dell Hymes to refer to the mastery of adult rules for socially and culturally appropriate speech

6

Linguistic relativity principle

A position, associated with Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf, that asserts that language has the power to shape the way people see the world

7

Grammar

A set of rules that aim to describe fully the patterns of linguistic usage observed by members of a particular speech community

8

Phonology

The artist of the sounds of language

9

Morphology

In linguistics, the study of the minimal units of meaning in a language

10

Syntax

The study of sentence structure

11

Semantics

The study of meaning

12

Pragmatics

The study of language in the context of its use

13

Discourse

A stretch of speech longer than a sentence united by a common theme

14

Ethnopragmatics

A study of language use that relies on ethnography to illuminate the ways in which speech is both constituted by and constitutive of social interactions

15

Pidgin

Language with no native speakers that develops in a single generation between members of communities that possess distinct native languages

16

Language Ideology

A marker of struggles between social groups with different interests, revealed in what people say and how they say it

17

Language revitalization

Attempts by linguistics and activists to preserve or revive languages with few native speakers that appear to be on the verge of extinction