Week 5: chap 7- cardiology & chap 8- hematology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Week 5: chap 7- cardiology & chap 8- hematology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 5: chap 7- cardiology & chap 8- hematology Deck (28):
0

Surgical repair of blood vessels

angioplasty

Angi/o = vessel

Plasty = surgical repair

1

Pertaining to the artery

Arterial

arteri/o = artery

al = pertaining to

2

Slow heart

Bradycardia

brady = slow

cardi/o = heart

3

Enlarged heart

Cardiomegaly

cardi/o = heart

megaly = enlarged

4

One who studies the heart

Cardiologist

cardi/o = heart

logist = one who studies

5

Inflamed vein. Inflammation of the vein.

Phlebitis

phleb/o = vein

itis = inflammation

6

Pertaining to the heart

Coronary

coron/o = heart

ary = pertaining to

7

Hardening of the arteries. It occurs when fat, cholesterol, and other substances build up in the walls of arteries and form hard structures called plaques. Over time, these plaques can block the arteries and cause problems throughout the body.

Atherosclerosis

ather/o = fatty substance, plaque

sclerosis = hardening

8

Pertaining to the heart muscle

Myocardial

my/o = muscle

cardi/o = heart

al = pertaining to

9


degenerative changes in the arteries, characterized by thickening of the vessel walls and accumulation of calcium with consequent loss of elasticity and lessened blood flow.

Arteriosclerosis

arteriol/o = arteriole, smallest arteries, carry blood from capillary bed

sclerosis = hardening

10

Red blood cell

RBC

Erythrocyte

erythr/o = red

cyt/o = cell

11

the stoppage of bleeding.
the stoppage of the circulation of blood in a part of the body.
stagnation of blood in a part.

Hemostasis

hem/o = blood

stasis = stopping

12

excessive amounts of fat and fatty substances in the blood.

Hyperlipemia

hyper = excessive

lip/o = fat

emia = blood condition

13

an abnormally low level of glucose in the blood.

Hypoglycemia

hypo = insufficient

glyc/o = sugar

emia = blood condition

14

Blood protein

the oxygen-carrying pigment of red blood cells that gives them their red color and serves to convey oxygen to the tissues: occurs in reduced form (deoxyhemoglobin) in venous blood and in combination with oxygen (oxyhemoglobin) in arterial blood. Symbol:

Hemoglobin

hem/o = blood

globin = protein

15

Pathology. a quantitative deficiency of the hemoglobin, often accompanied by a reduced number of red blood cells and causing pallor, weakness, and breathlessness.
A condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells.

Anemia

an = without

emia = blood condition

16

One who studies blood. Blood specialist.

Hematologist

hemat/o = blood

logist = one who studies

17

White blood cell

WBC

Leukocyte

leuk/o = white

cyte = cell

18

an abnormal decrease in the number of blood platelets.

Thrombocytopenia

thromb/o = clot

cyte = cell

penia = too few

19

a profuse discharge of blood, as from a ruptured blood vessel; bleeding.

Hemorrhage

hem/o = blood

rrhage = bursting forth

20

Abbreviation for hemoglobin

Hgb

21

Abbreviation for complete blood count

CBC

22

Abbreviation for red blood count

RBC

23

Abbreviation for intravenous

IV

24

HTN

High blood pressure

Hypertension

25

EKG or ECG
the graphic record produced by an electrocardiograph. Abbreviation: EKG, ECG

Electrocardiogram

electr/o = electricity

cardi/o = heart

gram = record

26

Abbreviation for beats per minute

BPM

27

the act or practice of opening a vein for letting or drawing blood as a therapeutic or diagnostic measure; venesection; bleeding.

Phlebotomy

phleb/o = vein

otomy = cutting into