Week 6: Treatment Groups: Foundation & Specialized Methods Flashcards Preview

Social Work II > Week 6: Treatment Groups: Foundation & Specialized Methods > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 6: Treatment Groups: Foundation & Specialized Methods Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...

Middle Stage Characteristics


  • Group members have "become themselves" more
  • Worker's role is less central; group members take on a more active role
  • Interaction pattern moves from "maypole" to "free floating"
  • Initial period of testing, conflict and adjustment is possible as members work out relationships
  • Focus in on goal achievement
  • Group members have gained a greater sense of one another


Skills for group workers during the middle stages of group:

  • Reaching for consensus
  • Reaching for differences
  • Confronting situations
  • Reaching for feelings
  • Amplifying subtle messages
  • Reporting own feelings
  • Reaching for information
  • Giving feedback
  • Checking out influences
  • Giving information
  • Prepare for group meetings
  • Select activities


Working with Reluctant and Resistant group members

  • Right to refuse to participate  – Point out consequences/non-negotiable aspects of participation for involuntary members
  • Develop a nonjudgmental, accepting and safe group environment
  • Discuss members motivation and how the group can be helpful
  • Dramatize naturally occurring consequences




  • Occurs when the groupo is in conflict about an issue
  • Does not need to be harsh
  • Need to teach a respect for difference
  • Can be resolved in 3 Ways


Monitoring and Evaluating

  • Post-session notes
  • Reporting progress at the beginning of each meeting
  • Summarizing progress at the end of meetings
  • Session evaluation form - - Brief  --How Often


Intervening with group members

  • Intrapersonal interventions focus on members’cognition and affects
  • Interpersonal interventions focus on members’relationships within/outside the group
  • Environmental interventions that change the psychosocial or physical space of members


Intrapersonal interventions

  • Identifying and discriminating among thoughts,feelings and behaviors
  • Recognizing associations between specific thoughts, feelings and behaviors
  • Analyze the rationality of thoughts and beliefs
  • Change distorted or irrational thoughts and beliefs


Chanigng thoughts, feelings and belief states

  • Cognitive restructruring
  • Cognitive self-instruction
  • Thought stopping
  • Reframing
  • Visualization and cognitive imagery


Changing belief systems

  • Have members examine the experiences on whichthoughts and beliefs are based
  • Help members examine the way past events wereconstrued
  • Help members consider the impact of their interpretation of experiences in current lives
  • Help members get feedback from others in the group - alternative ways of construing/responding to events
  • Help members to seek the same kind of feedback from family and friends


Interpersonal interventions


  • Learning by observing models
  • Role plays


Environmental interventions


  • Making referrals
  • Contingency contracts


Intervening in the group as a whole

  • Changing communication and interaction patterns
  • Changing the group’s attraction for its members (i.e., increasing cohesion)
  • Changing social integration dynamics so they are therapeutic
  • Changing the group’s culture