Week 7- Chap 11. Gastroenterology: digestive system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 7- Chap 11. Gastroenterology: digestive system Deck (25):
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of, pertaining to, involving, or near the anus.

Anal

ano/o = anus

-al = pertaining to

1


Inflammation of the vermiform appendix.

Appendicitis

append/o = appendix

-itis = inflammation

2


removal of the gallbladder.

Cholecystectomy

cholecyst/o = gallbladder

-ectomy = surgical removal

3

pertaining to or involving the colon and rectum:

Colorectal

col/o = colon

rect/o = rectum

-al = pertaining to

4

Surgical construction of an artificial excretory opening from the colon.

Colostomy

col/o = colon

-ostomy = surgically create an opening

5

of or pertaining to the duodenum (1st portion of small intestine).


The beginning portion of the small intestine, starting at the lower end of the stomach and extending to the jejunum.

Duodenal

duoden/o = duodenum

-al = pertaining to

6

Painful or difficult digestion
Disturbed digestion; indigestion.

Dyspepsia

-dys = painful, difficult

-pepsia = digestion

7

Of, pertaining to, or within the intestine.
By way of the intestine; enteral.

Enteric

enter/o = intestine

-ic = pertaining to

8


Inflammation of the esophagus.

Esophagitis

esophag/o = esophagus

-itis = inflammation

9


Excision, removal, of part or all of the stomach.

Gastrectomy

gastr/o = stomach

-ectomy = surgical removal

10

pertaining to the stomach.

Gastric

gastr/o = stomach

-ic = pertaining to

11

Chronic or acute inflammation of the stomach, especially of the mucous membrane of the stomach.

Gastritis

gastr/o = stomach

-itis = inflammation

12

One who studies the stomach, intestines, and related organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

Gastroenterologist

gastr/o = stomach

enter/o = intestine

-logist = one who studies

13


The vomiting of blood.

Hematemesis

hemat/o = blood

-emesis = vomit

14

of or pertaining to the liver

Hepatic

hepat/o = liver

-ic = pertaining to

15


Excessive vomiting.

Hyperemesis

hyper- = excessive

-emesis = vomiting

16

Surgical incision into the abdominal cavity through the loin or flank.

Laparotomy

lapar/o = abdomen

-otomy = cutting into

17

Pertaining to the pancreas

Pancreatic

pancreat/o = pancreas

-ic = pertaining to

18

Prolapse or protrusion of the rectum.
Herniation of the rectum.

Rectocele

rect/o = rectum

-cele = protrusion

19

Nausea & vomiting

N & V

20

Gastrointestinal

GI

21

Gallbladder

GB

22

Bowel movement

BM

23

Total parental nutrition

TPN

24

Barium enema

BE