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Flashcards in Week 8 Deck (21):

Principles of primary healthcare

1. Equitable distribution of health services
2. Community participation, 3. Teamwork and coordination of patient care
4. Multisectoral collaboration
5. Appropriate technology and evidence based.


Essential components of primary healthcare

1. Preventative health services
2. Treatment
3. Essential drugs
4. Education
5. Maternal and child health
6. Food supply, nutrition, safe water, sanitation
7. Community development and advocacy


Health equity

The absence of socially unjust or unfair health disparities


Primary care

The first point of care from the health system for someone who is sick and seeking treatment. Clinical focus only


List the reasons why primary healthcare is so important

1. Better health outcomes (effective)
2. Lower costs (efficient)
3. Greater health equity (equity)


Define primary healthcare

Essential healthcare made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that community and the country can afford.


What are the different types of disease prevention

Primary and secondary


What are some examples of primary prevention

Immunisation, smoking cessation, weight loss, breast feeding, hand washing.


Examples of secondary prevention

Screening, treating asymptomatic disease


Define health promotion

The process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants and thereby improve their health.


What is the difference between health promotion and disease prevention

Health promotion activities improve the health of everyone and extend beyond the health sector. Disease prevention is directed at specific disease and is within the health sector.


Five action areas of the Ottawa charter

1. Healthy public policy
2. Supportive environments
3. Develop personal skills
4. Re-orientate health services


Define primary prevention

Prevention of the onset of disease and aims to reduce incidence


Define secondary prevention

To detect disease early and intervene early to prevent disease progression in those who are asymptomatic


Equitable distribution of health services

Universally accessible and comprehensive health care that prioritises those in need


Community participation

Involvement of the community in the planning implementation and maintenance of health services


Team work and coordination of patient care

Multidisciplinary teams and integrated referral systems


Multisectoral collaboration

Partnership with other sectors to promote public health


Appropriate technology and evidence based

Scientifically sound, adaptable to local needs, affordable and acceptable to the community


Examples of secondary prevention

Treating asymptomatic disease. Screening


Which evidence based guidelines are used for prevention?

Guidelines for preventative general practice (Red Book)

National guide to a preventative health assessment for aboriginal and torres strait islander people. The national guide.