Flashcards in Week 8 Deck (14):
Principles of primary healthcare
1. Equitable distribution of health services
2. Community participation, 3. Teamwork and coordination of patient care
4. Multisectoral collaboration
5. Appropriate technology and evidence based.
Essential components of primary healthcare
1. Preventative health services
3. Essential drugs
5. Maternal and child health
6. Food supply, nutrition, safe water, sanitation
7. Community development and advocacy
The absence of socially unjust or unfair health disparities
The first point of care from the health system for someone who is sick and seeking treatment. Clinical focus only
List the reasons why primary healthcare is so important
1. Better health outcomes (effective)
2. Lower costs (efficient)
3. Greater health equity (equity)
Define primary healthcare
Essential healthcare made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that community and the country can afford.
What are the different types of disease prevention
Primary and secondary
What are some examples of primary prevention
Immunisation, smoking cessation, weight loss, breast feeding, hand washing.
Examples of secondary prevention
Screening, treating asymptomatic disease
Define health promotion
The process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants and thereby improve their health.
What is the difference between health promotion and disease prevention
Health promotion activities improve the health of everyone and extend beyond the health sector. Disease prevention is directed at specific disease and is within the health sector.
Five action areas of the Ottawa charter
1. Healthy public policy
2. Supportive environments
3. Develop personal skills
4. Re-orientate health services
Define primary prevention
Prevention of the onset of disease and aims to reduce incidence