Week 8 Flashcards Preview

EH1 > Week 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 8 Deck (14):
1

Principles of primary healthcare

1. Equitable distribution of health services
2. Community participation, 3. Teamwork and coordination of patient care
4. Multisectoral collaboration
5. Appropriate technology and evidence based.

2

Essential components of primary healthcare

1. Preventative health services
2. Treatment
3. Essential drugs
4. Education
5. Maternal and child health
6. Food supply, nutrition, safe water, sanitation
7. Community development and advocacy

3

Health equity

The absence of socially unjust or unfair health disparities

4

Primary care

The first point of care from the health system for someone who is sick and seeking treatment. Clinical focus only

5

List the reasons why primary healthcare is so important

1. Better health outcomes (effective)
2. Lower costs (efficient)
3. Greater health equity (equity)

6

Define primary healthcare

Essential healthcare made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that community and the country can afford.

7

What are the different types of disease prevention

Primary and secondary

8

What are some examples of primary prevention

Immunisation, smoking cessation, weight loss, breast feeding, hand washing.

9

Examples of secondary prevention

Screening, treating asymptomatic disease

10

Define health promotion

The process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants and thereby improve their health.

11

What is the difference between health promotion and disease prevention

Health promotion activities improve the health of everyone and extend beyond the health sector. Disease prevention is directed at specific disease and is within the health sector.

12

Five action areas of the Ottawa charter

1. Healthy public policy
2. Supportive environments
3. Develop personal skills
4. Re-orientate health services

13

Define primary prevention

Prevention of the onset of disease and aims to reduce incidence

14

Define secondary prevention

To detect disease early and intervene early to prevent disease progression in those who are asymptomatic