Week Five: Small Mammals (Part 1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week Five: Small Mammals (Part 1) Deck (52)
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1

What is the type of ferret you should not see in a clinic?

Black Footed Ferrets (Mustela nigripes)

2

Ferrets don't have ____, so they are more prone to ______ during surgery.

Sweat glands; hyperthermia

3

Reproduction of ferrets:
Females are what type of ovulators?

Seasonally polyestrous induced ovulators

4

Explain a ferrets nutrition requirements/what you should be feeding them

Obligate carnivores, dry ferret foods, supplements only for specific health concerns, limit treats

5

What are zoonotic concerns with ferrets?

Influenza is the most common
Potential concerns: leptospirosis, listeriosis, salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis, tuberculosis, rabies

6

Epizootic Catarrhal Enteritis in ferrets

AKA Green slime disease or ECE
Highly contagious within ferrets, green diarrhea, dehydration, anorexia, wasting

7

Tumors in ferrets (include what is the most commonly occurred tumor)

Adrenal gland most common
Signs: hair loss, vulvar enlargement in spayed females, prostatic hyperplasia, behavioral change, muscle wasting
Other cancers in ferrets: lymphoma, insulinoma

8

Myofascitis in ferrets

Inflammation of muscles and fascia, affects young animals, signs include pain, fever, reluctance to move, diarrhea, vomiting, anorexia, neutrophilic leukocytosis

9

What are some preventative procedures for ferrets?

Distemper and rabies, heartworm prevention

10

Restraint methods for ferrets

Scruffing, controlling head with fingers, light stretch of hind quarters, towel

11

What is oryctolagus cuniculus?

Domestic lagomorphs

12

Behavior of rabbits

Timid, submissive, chew and gnaw, not very playful with humans, naturally urinate and defecate in designated area, may spray to mark territory

13

Rabbits digestive system

Herbivorous with open-rooted teeth, hind gut fermentation, cannot vomit, cecotrophy (night stool),

14

Most common WBC in rabbits

Lymphocytes

15

Rabbits have _____ instead of ______ (type of cells)

heterophils; neutrophils

16

What can wire cage floors cause in rabbits?

Pododermatitis

17

Nutrition of rabbits

Metered pelleted diets, free choice hay, fresh foods in small quantities, drink twice the volume of what they eat

18

Snuffles of rabbits

Bacterial upper respiratory tract disease, typically caused by Pasteurella multocida or Bordetella bronchiseptica and Staphylococcal species
Signs: sneezing, mucopurulent nasal discharge, conjunctivitis
No prevention available, treatment is supportive

19

GI diseases of rabbits

Caused by Coccidia, Rotaviruses and coronaviruses, E. coli, Lawsonia, and Clostridium, high fiber diets can help prevent many issues

20

Otoacariasis in rabbits

Ear mite infestation by Psoroptes cuniculi
Signs: pruritus, head shaking, stress, ears painful to touch
Treatment: environmental cleaning, antiparasitic drugs

21

Pododermatitis in rabbits

Decubital ulcers (bed sores)
Caused by: poor sanitation, environmental moisture, excessive rabbit size, wire bottomed caging
Treatment: Changing cage environment, debriding, treating, bandaging, and re bandaging wounds

22

Blue fur disease of rabbits

Moist dermatitis with secondary pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, perineal urine or diarrhea scald (hutch burn), face, neck, and dewlap area (slobbers), Pseudomonas create a blue-green pigment
Treatment: dry the environemtn, clipping fur in lesion areas, treating lesions, offering water from a bottle

23

Malocclusion of the incisors of rabbits

Causes: Incomplete or inadequate wearing of teeth, skull shape leading to malocclusion, trauma
Treatment: Tooth trimming

24

Traumatic vertebral subluxation and fracture of rabbits

Occurs secondary to struggling against restraint, improper handling, sudden jumping, starling a caged rabbit

25

Zoonotic disease concerns of rabbits

Dermatophytosis (ringworm, trichophyton mentagrophytes, microsporum canis), salmonellosis, rabies

26

Restraint of rabbits

Grasp scruff with one hand and support the body and hindquarters within the other arm, tuck head into the crook of the elbow
When placing rabbit down: place back legs down first

27

Blood collection and venous catheters of rabbits

Sites: ear arteries or veins (auricular artery is large and central- use 22-27 gauge needle/catheter)
Jugular vein, saphenous vein, cephalic vein

28

Sex determination of rabbit

Doe will have dewlap, vulva directly below anus, buck will have an ensheathed penis located below the anus

29

Euthanasia of rabbits

Barbiturate overdose injected into lateral marginal ear vein

30

What is mus musculus

Mouse