Flashcards in Week Four: Exotic and Laboratory Animal Nursing Deck (26):
What amphibians are in the order "gymnophiona"?
What amphibians are in the order "caudata"?
Salamanders and newts
What amphibians are in the order "anura"?
Frogs and toads
What are the two types of ambystomatidae or mole salamanders that we are concerned with?
Axolotl (eat arthropods, crustaceans, and vertebrates)
Tiger salamander/waterdog (eat worms, arthropods, crustaceans, vertebreates)
What are some things to know about bombina or fire-bellied toads?
Easy to keep but produce toxins so be sure to wash hands, semiaquatic, eat arthropods and vertebrates
What are some things to know about dendrobatidea or poison dart frogs?
Can be difficult to keep and may be toxic, terrestrial, eat arthropods and ants
What are some things to know about hylidae or tree frogs?
Docile and sturdy
What are the three types of tree frogs we went over in class? (say what they are, what type of environment they live in, and their difficulty level)
Red-eyed treefrog (terrestrial, most difficult)
Green treefrog (arboreal, moderately difficult)
White's treefrog (arboreal, least difficult)
What are some things to know about pipidae or clawed frogs?
Hard to feed (kind of stupid)
Sturdy, docile, and easy to keep
What are the two types of clawed frogs we talked about in class? (say what they are, what type of environment they live in)
Aftican clawed frog-aquatic
What is the type of "true frog" we went over? And what type of environment do they live in?
American bullfrog (aggressive but easy to keep), semiaquatic
What is ecdysis?
What is different about amphibians integumentary system?
Has a respiratory function, contains glands where toxins may be excreted
What are some ways amphibians obtain their food? (types of prehension)
Suction, ambush/pounce/lure, tongue prehension (bitch slapping prey)
What are some ways amphibians breathe?
Branchial (gills), buccopharyngeal (air gulping, buccal pumping), through their cutaneous, pulmonic (lung breathing)
Instead of using 0.9% NaCl, for amphibians we use...
All types of enclosures for amphibians should have...
Hiding spaces, substrate, meet light, temperature, humidity, ventilation and water requirements of the species
Describe what is needed in arboreal and terrestrial enclosures for amphibians?
10 gal min, at least 5 cm for plants, water features to maintain humidity, light features not accessible by inhabitants
What is red-leg disease?
Bacterial skin infections that can lead to septicemia (can result in hyperemia), use Enrogloxacin and antibiotic baths to treat
What is chytrid infection?
Caused by Batrachochytrium dendobatids
Signs: increased shedding, pale skin and lesions
Treatment: Bath in dilute intraconazole (0.01% by using 0.6% NaCl)
What are some treatments for foreign body obstructions in amphibians?
Oral laxatives, psyllium, mineral oil, or surgery
What are the two most common endoparasites in amphibians?
Trichomonas and coccidia
What are some zoonotic diseases we can obtain from amphibians?
Listeria monocytogenes, salmonella, and Yersinia enterocolitica
What drug do we use to anesthetize amphibians?
What do we never use on amphibians when prepping them for surgery?
Alcohol and iodine