Flashcards in Weeks 1&2: Phonetics I Deck (25)
The study of speech sounds
Name: THE SPEECH ORGANS
Name: THE THREE STAGES OF SPEECH PRODUCTION
Air passes from the lungs, upwards and outwards through the vocal tract - typically using egressive pulmonic airflow
Air is converted into vibrations and takes place in the larynx
Air is manipulated to create a specific sound in the upper vocal tract (mouth and nose)
What is the vocal tract made up of?
Larynx + Mouth + Nose
Name: THE SEVEN ARTICULATORS (aka places of articulation)
- Alveolar Ridge
Define: PLACES OF ARTICULATION
A set of locations in the vocal tract where speech sounds are produced
Sounds produced with closure (or near-closure) in the vocal tract
Sounds produced with no closure in the vocal tract
What stricture do CONSONTANTS use?
What stricture do VOWELS use?
Open stricture - with no closure in the vocal tract
The degree of closure in the vocal tract
Name: THE TWO 'SEMI-VOWELS'
'y' and 'w'
The vibrating of the vocal folds during phonation
What determines if a sound is VOICED?
When the vocal folds are vibrating
What determines if a sound is VOICELESS?
When the vocal folds are not vibrating
Name: THE FOUR TYPES OF PHONATION
Define: MANNER OF ARTICULATION
The way the airstream is affected as it flows from the lungs and out of the nose and mouth
Name: THE FOUR MANNERS OF ARTICULATION
A small ‘explosion’ of air released from behind the articulators, creating a short burst of sound that can’t be sustained e.g. /p/, /d/
There's complete closure in mouth and an open velum, forcing air through the nose. They can be maintained e.g. /ŋ/ as in anger, swing
Produced by bringing one articulator close of another without actually touching or creating audible friction e.g. /r/, /w/, /j/, /l/