Weeks 1 and 2 review Flashcards Preview

DEMS Pt 1 > Weeks 1 and 2 review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Weeks 1 and 2 review Deck (13)
1

How to diagnose Parkinson's

History and physical exam

2

What to do for a GERD pt with 10 lb weight loss?

Upper endoscopy (EGD)

3

What to do next when find a stricture in the GERD pt with 10 lb weight loss

Bougie dilation during EGD

4

Autoimmune gastritis

Affects parietal cells in body and fundus, NOT antrum

5

Which diseases are associated with untreated Helicobacter?

PUD, inflammatory/hyperplastic polyps, MALT lymphoma, and gastric adenocarcinoma

NOT Barrett esophagus, fundic gland polyps

6

Fundic gland polyps

Associated with familial adenomatous polyposis and proton pump inhibitors

7

Gastric adenocarcinoma (what pathway)?

Associated with increased Wnt pathway signaling (e.g. APC loss) or CDH1 loss

8

What diseases can be associated with gallstones?

Gallstone ileus, Gallbladder cancer, Choledocholithiasis, Acute Cholecystitis, Acute pancreatitis, Chronic cholecystitis, Biliary flukes (with pigment stones)

9

Gallbladder cancer

Typically has a dismal prognosis

Most are adenocarcinomas

10

Pancreatic duct cancer

Typically has a dismal prognosis

All are adenocarcinomas

11

Pancreatic endocrine tumors

May be “functional” or “non-functional”

Not a dismal prognisis

Not adenocarcinomas

May behave in a benign or malignant manner

12

Bile duct carcinoma

Typically has a dismal prognosis

Adenocarcinomas

Associated with choledochal cysts and primary sclerosing cholangitis

13

Enterohemorrhagic E coli

can cause renal failure