Weeks 1 to 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Weeks 1 to 3 Deck (28):
1

what are the levels on the blooms taxonomy pyramid?

-knowledge
-comprehension
-application
-analysis
-synthesis
-evaluation

2

What are some key moments for social planning in Canada?

-1930s-League for Social Reconstruction (left wing, called for govn't intervention. private profit< people rights)
-60s to 70s (hippies, love, peace, women rights/environmentalism, Jane jacobs)

3

Why do we plan for the social?

-philosophical perspectives of social justice and sustainability (Universal declaration of human rights)
-demography (population growth, aging population, increasing diversity)

4

Explain the Maslow's hierarchy of needs, bottom to top

-Physiological (breathing, food, water, pee/poo sleep, da dirty business ;) )
-Safety (security of body,employment; property; family)
-Love/belonging (having friends and family)
-Esteem (love urself and others)
-Self-actualization (being a better person)

5

What is environmental justice? and how is it linked to social justice?

- equal exposure to healthy natural environment and unwanted land uses across populations regardless of identity or culture.
- related to social justice because SJ also focuses on equitable distrubution across population

6

Explain the spatial-social dialectic.

people and the environment shape each other

7

What is spatial justice?

fair and equitable distribution in space of socially valued resources and opportunities to use them.

8

According to Fainstein, a just city can be achieved through what 3 avenues?

-Democracy (equal participation)
-Diversity
-Equity

9

Which one has hierarchy of identities? binaries or objectification?

objectification (it's bad, it classifies people)

10

what is power?

capacity to influence others via force, coercion or influence

11

define privilege, disadvantage, and marginalization

-Privilege: opportunities given b/c of identity rather than merit
-Disadvantage: missed opportunities because of identity vs merit
-marginalization: on the periphery of society b/c of disadvantage

12

What is segregation?

social exclusion used to separate certain populations from idealized landscape

13

Give examples of forced concentration of a population

-affordable housing
-proximity to resources

14

What is congregation?

concentrration by choice

15

What are some spatial drivers of social exclusion:

-shifting economies
-gentrification
-neoliberalism
-scripting/imaging a city

16

How do we measure inequality?

-income inequiality
-life expectancy
-quality of life

17

What is double jeopardy?

poor person in a high poverty area

18

What are 3 ways of measuring health?

-mortality
-morbidity (rate of disease)
-life expectancy

19

Explain the world health organization's healthy cities program

-it is a multisectoral approach aimed to
induce healthy lifestyles, social cohesion, basically just good stuff.

20

Explain why planning can be seen as an upstream determinant in planning healthy communities

-because planning's a cause of a cause, it can offer opportunites to bad stuff (i.e. alcohol/bongs)
-bad planning= people use cars, lead to inactive/unhealthy lifestyle.

21

What are the key designs and indicators for healthy neighborhood design?

-designs: complete (mixed use); compact (proximity); connected (TOD!)
-indicators: physical activity, social interaction, street safety, access to stuff.

22

Explain healthy housing

-diversity of housing types
-affordability and special needs housing
-houses located in healthy community

23

Explain healthy food systems

-increase access to healthy foods
-prioritize affordability of high quality food
-support local food
-food environments

24

What are components of healthy natural environments?

-clean air/water (limit GHGs, water sources)
-examine climate action (droughts? forest fires?)
-parks and green space
-

25

Explain healthy transportation

-supports low/zero-emission mobility
-active transportation

26

What is canada doing to increase road safety?

Canada's road safety strategy 2025

27

Who are the vulnerable road users?

-pedestrians, motocyclists, cyclists, personal mobilized devices (scooters and wheelchairs)

28

What are the 3 Es for limiting transportation related injuries?

-Education
-Engineering
-Enforcement