Weimar Germany Knowledge Test 22/09 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Weimar Germany Knowledge Test 22/09 Deck (20)
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1

Who was the first President of the Weimar government?

Friedrich Ebert

2

What was the Weimar constitution?

The rules that governed Germany

3

What was Article 48?

Part of the Weimar constitution that allowed the president to rule in emergency situations without the consent of the Reichstag

4

Who were the Spartacists and what did they try to do in January 1919?

Communist group that tried to overthrow the Weimar government

5

Name the leaders of the Sparacists

Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxembourg

6

What name was given to ex-soldiers who attacked communists?

Freikorps

7

Who was the leader of the Freikorps?

Ernst Rohm

8

What was the Reichstag?

The German Parliament

9

What system of government was used to elect people in the Reichstag?

Proportional representation

10

What type of governments did proportional representation usually lead to?

Coalition governments- where political parties need to join together to form a government

11

What name is given to the event that ended WW1?

The Armistice

12

When was the Armistice signed?

November 11, 1918

13

What document agreed the peace settlement after WW1?

The Treaty of Versailles

14

When was the Treaty of Versailles signed?

June 28, 1919

15

What was Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles?

War Guilt Clause- Germany had to take full responsibility for WW1

16

What was Dolschstoss?

‘Stab in the back’ theory- Germans felt betrayed by the government for surrendering in WW1

17

What was the reparations payment Germany had to pay to the Allies?

£6.6 billion

18

What does Putsch mean?

To overthrow the government

19

When was the Munich Putsch?

November 1923

20

How long did Hitler serve in prison after the Munich Putsch?

9 months