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Flashcards in WESTERN CIV CHAPTER 6 Deck (27):
1

What was the first principal source of revenue for the imperial government and the army from the first century onward?

A tax on agriculture in all the provinces

2

What was the Jewish apocalyptic tradition rooted in?

The Jewish struggle against the Seleucid king Antiochus IV

3

What was Judea like in the time of Jesus?

Unsettled and contentious, politically and religiously

4

How did Paul make conversion to Christianity easier?

He held that converts did not have to observe all of the provisions of Jewish law

5

Why were Christians regarded with suspicion by Romans?

Christians denied the old gods and refused to participate in the imperial cult

6

What does the principle of apostolic succession refer to?

The idea that bishops authority derived from Jesus, through the apostles.

7

What was the result of the debasement of imperial coinage which was intended to combat inflation?

Further inflation

8

What was the most widely held philosophy among upper class Romans of the area?

Stoicism

9

Who did Caracalla grant citizenship to in an attempt to fix the budget?

Every man and woman in imperial territory except slaves

10

How big was the population in Rome in the time of agustus?

Nearly one million

11

What about the gladiators?

Some of them were free people who volunteered for fame

12

How did romanization proceed?

Roman law and culture spread to the provinces and interactions between Romans and local people produced mixed cultural traditions.

13

What method of Jesus's teaching?

He told simple stories and parables.

14

What did Paul do after a spiritual vision that inspired him to follow Jesus?

Sought converts among Jews and Gentiles in Asia Minor Syria and Greece

15

Why did the earliest Christians avoid elaborate structures for church governance?

They expected Jesus to return to judge the world during their lifetimes

16

What did early Christians agree on?

Jesus had raised from the dead

17

What did many Romans attribute the problems of the third century AD to?

Christians, who the Romans believed had offended the state gods.

18

What kind of life did Caesar augustus live?

Simple and moderate

19

What was the biggest problem in Rome?

Sanitation

20

Who were Virgil and Ovid?

Authors who wrote epics

21

What was interesting about most of the Roman army?

They were not Romans. They were hired out of the country and were paid

22

What'd many people think Jesus was going to do?

Lead a political rebellion

23

Who became the popes?

Bishops

24

Who many troops are in a legion?

5000

25

What does stoicism say?

Philosophy is the science of living

26

What does Neoplatonism connect?

The one the mind and the soul

27

Why did oratory or rhetorical public speech lose its bite during the Augustan age?

Political criticism was too risky under the principate