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Flashcards in WGU C100 Pre Assessment Deck (42)
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1

What is an aesthetic experience?
A: A comparison of beauty
B: A feeling of pleasure that justifies itself
C: A rejection of individualized art
D: An objective experience

A feeling of pleasure that justifies itself

2

Which topic is studied by the humanities?
A: The demographic make-up of mass human social organizations
B: The cultures and beliefs that make up the experience of being human
C: How humans interact with their surrounding environment
D: Patterns, causes, and conditions of human health

The cultures and beliefs that make up the experience of being human

3

Which branch of philosophy deals with the nature and scope of knowledge?
A: Epistemology
B: Ethics
C: Logic
D: Metaphysics

Epistemology

4

What is a clear example of the creation of aesthetic beauty in a humanities discipline?
A: A chemist creates a new method of hexane extraction in the laboratory
B: An artist feels inspired by nature and paints a picture of the mountain landscape.
C: A welder fabricates components for construction of a new high-rise building.
D: A worker assembles parts of an automobile on a production line.

An artist feels inspired by nature and paints a picture of the mountain landscape.

5

Match each type of love with its definition.

Eros: Passionate love favored by Greek poets
Platonic: Non-sexual love emphasized by ancient Greeks
Courtly: A romantic love emphasized in the medieval period

6

How does technology impact the visual arts?
A: Technology allows us to archive, reproduce, and share artwork in many ways.
B: Technology allows fewer people to access the arts.
C: Technological innovations reduce our ability to experience the visual arts
D: Technological progress provides the primary inspiration for artists.

Technology allows us to archive, reproduce, and share artwork in many ways.

7

Which classical theme critiqued the belief that only the gods could create models of morality?
A: Democracy
B: Humanism
C: Balance
D: Polytheism

Humanism

8

What are three techniques used by ancient Greek playwrights Sophocles and Aristophanes?
A: Foreshadowing, discovery, and reversal of fortune
B: Revelation, secrecy, and a chorus
C: Surprise, illustration, and illumination
D: Double entendre, stealing, and deception

Foreshadowing, discovery, and reversal of fortune

9

Why is Sappho's classical poem "A Lament for Adonis" considered lyrical poetry?
A: It expresses feelings of romantic love.
B: It recounts a hero's journey.
C: It reveals a tragic flaw.
D: It satirizes political issues.

It expresses feelings of romantic love.

10


Read the following dialogue among female characters from Aristophanes's classical play Lysistrata:

LYSISTRATA: Don't you feel sad and sorry because the fathers of your children are far away from you with the army? For I'll wager there is not one of you whose husband is not abroad at this moment.

CLEONICÉ: Mine has been the last five months in Thrace--looking after Eucrates.

MYRRHINÉ: It's seven long months since mine left me for Pylos.

LAMPITO: As for mine, if he ever does return from service, he's no sooner home than he takes down his shield again and flies back to the wars.

LYSISTRATA: And not so much as the shadow of a lover! Since the day the Milesians betrayed us, I have never once seen an eight-inch godemiche even, to be a leathern consolation to us poor widows.... Now tell me, if I have discovered a means of ending the war, will you all second me?

MYRRHINÉ: Yes verily, by all the goddesses, I swear I will, though I have to put my gown in pawn, and drink the money the same day.

CLEONICÉ: And so will I, though I must be split in two like a flat-fish, and have half myself removed.

LAMPITO: And I too; why to secure peace, I would climb to the top of Mount Taygetus.

LYSISTRATA: Then I will out with it at last, my mighty secret! Oh! sister women, if we would compel our husbands to make peace, we must refrain...

MYRRHINÉ: Refrain from what? tell us, tell us!

[Lysistrata proceeds to convince the women to take a drastic action to end the war.]

What is true about this play?

A:The women decide to refuse to have sex with their husbands until the war is called off, which challenges traditional ideas of the role of wives in classical society.
B: The women are fed up with the warmongering activities of their husbands and decide to boycott domestic chores, which is a rejection of the role of wives in Greek society.
C: The women's decision to contest their husbands' warmongering activities suggests that women were equal to men in classical society.
D: The women's decision to organize and collectively refuse sex demonstrates that women garner a higher social status than men in classical Greek society.

The women decide to refuse to have sex with their husbands until the war is called off, which challenges traditional ideas of the role of wives in classical society.

11

Which two characteristics of classical epic poetry are shared by Homer's Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid?
Choose 2 answers
A: They present the hero as a model of the ideal man in Greek and Roman culture.
B: They explore the complex relationship between humans and the gods.
C: They contain versions of Plato's "Allegory of the Cave."
D: They explore the effects of industrialization on Greek and Roman culture.
E: They were intended to be performed as plays during religious festivals.

They present the hero as a model of the ideal man in Greek and Roman culture.

They explore the complex relationship between humans and the gods.

12

How did the development of democracy impact the classical period?
A: The democratic republic emerged as an alternative to tyrannical forms of government.
B: Combined with feudalism, democracy helped to promote economic stability.
C: Democratic forms provided opportunities for women to serve in political leadership roles.
D: Democratic representation served to eliminate oligarchy as a viable form of government.

The democratic republic emerged as an alternative to tyrannical forms of government.

13

What is the significance of the kouros in terms of cultural exchange during the classical period?
A: It is a Greek refinement of the Egyptian figural sculpture.
B: It is a Roman style of household decoration that was also used by wealthy Greeks.
C: It is an art form that the Greeks borrowed from the Phoenicians for religious and cultural festivals.
D: It is an Iberian artifact used by the Greeks to mark burial sites.

It is a Greek refinement of the Egyptian figural sculpture.

14

How is the classical concept of the "republic" still evidenced in contemporary life?
A: In a republic, voting citizens have supreme rule but decisions are carried out through elected officials, which is the foundation of the American political system.
B: In a republic, the decisions and laws are made by presidents with constitutional authority, which is the basis of American democracy.
C: In a republic, citizens elect senators to serve for six years, which forms the basis of the legislative branch of the U.S. government.
D: In a republic, which means "rule by the people," all citizens have an equal say in government decisions, which is the basic structure of American democracy.

In a republic, voting citizens have supreme rule but decisions are carried out through elected officials, which is the foundation of the American political system.

15

Which two beliefs are characteristic of the Renaissance?
Choose 2 answers
A: Scientific inquiry will increase human knowledge of the world.
B: A reduction in dependence on slave labor should be society’s goal.
C: Church doctrine provides the most accurate model for the ideal social life.
D: Classical literary and philosophical works provide resources for learning and living.

Scientific inquiry will increase human knowledge of the world.

Classical literary and philosophical works provide resources for learning and living.

16

What was the effect of rationalism during the Renaissance?
A: Rationalism supplied a new perspective for people to think about science and nature instead of relying on superstitious or religious explanations for natural phenomena.
B: Rationalism took an anti-secularism approach to nature and science
C: Rationalism signaled a return to the classical period's mythological explanations for natural phenomena.
D: Rationalism encouraged individuals to seek out explanations for natural phenomena by examining classical mythology and explanations for nature.

Rationalism supplied a new perspective for people to think about science and nature instead of relying on superstitious or religious explanations for natural phenomena.

17

Which statement is true of the madrigals during the Renaissance?
A: Madrigal compositions used a solo voice and focused mainly on the pursuit of political power.
B: Madrigal composers incorporated various instruments to imitate the human voice.
C: Madrigal compositions used instruments instead of the human voice to heighten the emotional experience for audiences.
D: Madrigal composers created secular songs that married the sound of the music to the written word.

Madrigal composers created secular songs that married the sound of the music to the written word.

18

How does Leonardo da Vinci’s The Last Supper exemplify Renaissance art?
A: It employs linear perspective to create the illusion of depth on a flat surface.
B: It devotes the majority of the scene to a naturalistic depiction of the landscape.
C: It focuses on classical themes and avoids biblical narratives.
D: It adheres to traditional fresco painting methods.

It employs linear perspective to create the illusion of depth on a flat surface.

19

How did Gutenberg's introduction of the printing press to Germany in the 1400s impact culture and religion in Renaissance Europe?
A: Because Gutenberg's printing press was slow and inefficient, the expense of production limited printed books to nobility and religious leaders.
B: The printing press allowed religious reformers to spread their ideas to a larger audience and allowed people greater access to written materials such as poems and novels.
C: Gutenberg's printing press allowed Germany to dominate the religious reform movement.
D: The printing press revolutionized European society by equalizing social classes and re-distributing wealth from the nobility and the Catholic church to the lower classes.

The printing press allowed religious reformers to spread their ideas to a larger audience and allowed people greater access to written materials such as poems and novels.

20

How did global exploration, such as during the golden age of Spain, contribute to art and literature of the Renaissance?
A: Despite the exploration, artists and writers remained focused primarily on traditional themes of the ancient Roman Empire in their works.
B: Artists and writers were inspired by the travels of explorers and incorporated themes of adventure and conquest into paintings and stories.
C: Portuguese explorers in Africa helped promote the incorporation of African styles in painting and sculpture.
D: Artists and writers seldom incorporated themes of global exploration because these themes contradicted with Christian religious dogma.

Artists and writers were inspired by the travels of explorers and incorporated themes of adventure and conquest into paintings and stories.

21

How is the theme of Renaissance humanism present in contemporary life?
A: A high value is placed on human rights, an individual’s education, and promotion of social rights
B: A high value is placed on environmentalism, natural resources, and preservation of historical sites
C: A high value is placed on promoting happiness through mindfulness, meditation, and self-enhancement
D: A high value is placed on being a member of a globalized society and striving for social justice

A high value is placed on human rights, an individual’s education, and promotion of social rights

22

What does classicism refer to as used in the term neoclassicism?
A: Using the visual art and architectural motifs of ancient Greece
B: Adopting the political philosophy of Socrates
C: Promoting a Roman-style checks and balances government
D: Applying the idea of Platonic forms through science and math

Using the visual art and architectural motifs of ancient Greece

23

Which concept did the philosophy of Deism contribute to the Enlightenment period?
A: God created the universe according to scientific laws and principles and lets it function on its own.
B: Religious pluralism should be embraced and incorporated into everyday life.
C: Religion cannot be explained by human reason; it can only be explained through faith.
D: Science is useful, but it is secondary to the study of religious doctrine.

God created the universe according to scientific laws and principles and lets it function on its own.

24

How does Thomas Jefferson's plantation home, Monticello, exemplify neoclassical architectural style?
A: It uses asymmetrical curving lines on the west exterior facade.
B: It incorporates Ionic columns and Gothic arches in the west facade.
C: It contains a columned facade and a pedimented front porch lined with Doric columns.
D: It uses stucco and adobe in the construction of the house.

It contains a columned facade and a pedimented front porch lined with Doric columns.

25

What is the political significance of Jacques Louis David's 1793 neoclassical work The Death of Marat?
A: It exposes the pointless and lonely tragedy of Enlightenment revolutionary fervor.
B: It affirms the ideals of French monarchists against revolutionary upheaval.
C: It glorifies the Enlightenment ideals of revolutionary heroism and self-sacrifice.
D: It calls for measured reform in the face of revolutionary terror.

It glorifies the Enlightenment ideals of revolutionary heroism and self-sacrifice.

26

How did philosopher Rousseau's concept of the "noble savage" set the stage for Enlightenment debates of the corruption and evils of slavery?
A: Rousseau argued that slavery was the most destructive evil of mankind and should be immediately ended throughout the world.
B: Rousseau's arguments, taking into account British financial interests fueled by slavery, helped focus Enlightenment debates on the human condition.
C: Rousseau's arguments that native peoples were morally superior to "civilized" man, led to the romantic-period attitude that every man should have the right to live a natural life.
D: Rousseau argued that native populations needed to be controlled through colonization, a belief that romantic thinkers would come to rebuke.

Rousseau's arguments that native peoples were morally superior to "civilized" man, led to the romantic-period attitude that every man should have the right to live a natural life.

27

What effect did the rise of capitalism have during the neoclassical period?
A: It increased the exchange of ideas.
B: It ended the Catholic church’s political monopoly.
C: It ended the European practice of colonialism.
D: It led to Spain’s reemergence as a global power

It increased the exchange of ideas.

28

How does the contemporary idea of progress relate to the Enlightenment idea of progress?
A: Contemporary society, like that of the Enlightenment period, emphasizes education's role in the individual obtaining economic progress.
B: Contemporary society places great emphasis on an individual's education, which parallels the Enlightenment view that the pursuit of knowledge was a form of moral progress.
C: Progress today refers primarily to technological advancement, whereas during the Enlightenment, progress mostly referred to social change.
D: In today's world, social progress is more important than the technological progress advocated by Enlightenment thinkers.

Contemporary society places great emphasis on an individual's education, which parallels the Enlightenment view that the pursuit of knowledge was a form of moral progress.

29

Which political ideology arose in the romantic period?
A: Communism
B: Fascism
C: Nationalism
D: Utilitarianism

Nationalism

30

Which three attributes apply to music from the romantic period?
Choose 3 answers
A: Exploration of heroic and nationalistic themes
B: Focus on the dramatic and expressive qualities of sound
C: Expansion of the orchestra to include a larger number and variety of instruments
D: An increase in the use of monophony and plainsong
E: A return to simple harmonic structure and shorter duration of works
F: Experimentation with electronic instruments and computer-generated sounds

Exploration of heroic and nationalistic themes

Focus on the dramatic and expressive qualities of sound

Expansion of the orchestra to include a larger number and variety of instruments