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Flashcards in WH&S hazard identification Deck (53)
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Define hazard

any source of potential harm or a situation with the potential to cause harm


name the 7 Hazard identification Methods

- professional consultants
-Talking with staff
-Physical inceptions
-Publications such as online hazard alerts
-Reviewing records of accidents and 'near misses'
-Talk with representatives from like organisations


Hazard identification Methods -talking with staff

talking with staff and others involved. Ask them to identify any potential hazards they see.
-staff will be able to offer most insight as they are always in the environment
-talk to staff one on one
-brainstorm a list


Hazard identification Methods -conduct physical inceptions

-one of the mot effective and simple methods
-this is where you do a walk-through of the workplace
-it can be helpful to create a checklist specific for the workplace


Hazard identification Methods -Reviewing records of accidents and 'near misses'

-review records of near misses that have occurred in ur workplace
-you can learn from previous incidents and ensure they don't happen again.
-near misses should be documented


Hazard identification Methods -Media

-workplace incidents are often reported by the media.
-for organisations in like industries this should prompt them to review their own workplace
- beneficial in idnetifying hazards that have not been perviously identified.
-making employees more vigilant and proactive


Hazard identification Methods -enlist the assistance of professional consultants

-employees may be so used to avoiding a risk they can't identify it.
-professionals may see things that those within the staff fail to notice.
-professionals will have visited a number of worksites and b familiar with common hazards.


Hazard identification Methods -Publications such as online hazard alerts

-governing body issues a hazard alert after injury or loss has occurred in a specific industry.
-these alerts are designed to provide information based on real life incidents.
-similar workplaces can be aware of the hazards and be proactive in preventing them.
-may also provide advice for approbate procedures and risk control measures.


Hazard identification Methods - talk with representatives from like organisations

-speak to WHS representatives for like organisations about any accidents that have occurred in the workplace
-as well as any documented near misses
-sharing info can be beneficial , allowing organisations to learn from mistakes.


Name the Risk Assessment methods

-using a checklist
-adopting the what if approach
-using risk assessment software systems


Name the Risk Assessment Methods CWS

-what if approach
- software systems


Risk Assessment Methods -using a checklist

-focus on specific areas of the organisation that are most dangerous.
-mske sure they don't forget to check any elements
- relies on the quality of the checklist. it needs to be detailed.


Risk Assessment Methods -adopting the what if approach

-staff brainstorm as a group and identify things that could go wrong.
-staff participating must have knowledge of all aspects of the organisation.


Risk Assessment Methods-using risk assessment software systems

-computer software systems available to make risk assessment easier and insure Health n safety
-these programs can facilitate the identification, analysis, monitoring and treatment of existing and potential hazard.


Risk control options (hierarchy of control) ESIEAP

Level 1- Elimination
Level 2- Substitution
Engineering Controls
Level 3- Administrative Controls


Level 1- Elimination

-Remove hazard or cause of potential harm completely


Level 2- Substitution
Engineering Controls

Substitution- Replacement of the item/object with something that has the same function but reduces the level of harm.

Isolation- Create a barrier between harm and employees or others in the workplace.

Engineering Controls- Changes in equipment, materials or resources to reduce harm.


Level 3- Administrative Controls

Administrative Controls- Implementation of training, changes to rosters, timing, policies or procedures

PPE- (Personal protective equipment) Implement the use of personal protective equipment.


Who are duty holders and what are their responsibilities?

-Duty holders may be Health and Safety officers, workers, supervisors, managers and persons conducting business (PCBU)
-Their responsibly is to ensure the health n safety of all employees and others in the workplace.


Name the 4 Impeding Factors

-A lack of resources or money
-A lack of planning
-Poor management and communication


Impeding Factors -Staff

-resistance from staff, as they become comfortable with their roles and distrust change
-this is why staff consultation is so important


Impeding Factors -A lack of resources or money

-Organisation needs to ensure that they have the correct resources in place and that changes can be funded.
-it is important that once a risk control option has been chosen that it can be implemented straight away.


Impeding Factors -A lack of planning

-plan needs to be well thought out and implemented correctly.
-staff need to be communicated so that everyone is on board and comfortable
-while it is important to act quickly, any complex changes need to be well thought out and planned.


Impeding Factors -Poor management and communication

-management need to consider how they will communicate changes to their staff.
-take into consideration that WHS can be boring and staff may tune out.
- keep communication Chanels open with staff and let them have a say.
-utilise designed working groups and HSRs.


How can the likelhood of a risk be measured?

Quantitatively- Expressed in number (percent, fractions, ratios or ranking 0-1)

Ranking- ranked in order of most likely to occur to least likely

Qualitatively- descriptive words (high, medium, low)


how is the consequence of a risk measured

A- catastrophic- worst case scenario, multiple deaths, huge financial loss
B- Major- single death, multiple casualties
C- moderate- reasonable amount of loss, medical treatment required, disability and injuries, high financial loss.
D- minor- medium loss, first aid, minor injuries, medium financial loss
E-insignificant- negligible impact or loss, no or very minor injury or harm


Name the three acts/regulations/codes of practice?

-Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 (Vic)
-Occupational Health and Safety Regulations 2007 (Vic)
-Victorian Compliance Codes


Describe Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 (Vic)

-key principle, duties and rights that relate to OHS
-covering a wide variety of circumstances
-it is up ton the duty holder to derive hoe they comply w the act.


Describe Occupational Health and Safety Regulations 2007 (Vic)

-under the act they provide specific ways that employess must adhere to the act such as reporting and recording incidents, required licences and situations that require external notification.


Describe Victorian Compliance Codes

advice and guidance for specifc elements of OHS such as: working in confided spaces, first aid in the workplace and OHS communication. If followed and applied correctly the workplace will abide by OHS obligations